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Furniture and Design Principles

Updated on May 30, 2017
A warm color scheme
A warm color scheme

What are the basics of good home decor? Some general rules can help us achieve a pleasant environment to live in.

In general, people agree on what an aesthetically pleasing arrangement of furniture looks like, as well as good organization of space, and clever placement of decorations. Though the final look of a room will be determined greatly by the style of the designer and their personality, some accepted principles will make everybody that sees the space, be receptive to it.

Here is a list of some of the most important design principles and their relevance to home furniture:

Rugs help bring unity
Rugs help bring unity


Unity is about bringing separate elements together. For example, if we have two rooms next to each other and they feel like they belong to separate worlds, we might want to somehow group them or link them, so in our perception they are more cohesive. This could be accomplished by a repeating factor like using the same texture on the furniture fabrics, having matching rugs, or a continuous floor pattern.

Repetition helps segments to look like they are part of a whole
Repetition helps segments to look like they are part of a whole


Unity brings us to repetition, one of the strategies that can be used to make different pieces feel they belong to a whole. This approach is all about using same elements over and over; elements of design such as lines, colors, shapes and values. A recurrent color palette is a classic example of good use of the repetition principle in home design.

Balance 2 sides of a room
Balance 2 sides of a room


This principle helps us achieve a pleasant look in a room.

If a space feels too empty, or too wide, or too cramped, it might be a matter of poor balance. We need to keep in mind that our eyes are always looking for organization and order even in situations of chaos. Try distributing decoration elements and furniture evenly throughout a room. If a ceiling feels too high, get a tall furniture element to lend a hand in bring it down.

Create a focal point
Create a focal point


Balance is important, but we also want to make our home an interesting one and sometimes break out of the ordinary. Emphasis is a design principle that can assists us with this.

Create a focal point in the room. Are you decorating your living room? How about letting the fireplace be a center of attention for your otherwise busy looking family room? We cannot focus on everything at the same time, our minds need to find something in the room that attracts our eyes and break monotonous rhythms.

Would like to explore more about home decor principles? Watch the video below to expand on the mentioned tried and true tips.

Interior Design Elements & Principles of Design

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    • C_Pinto profile image

      C_Pinto 8 years ago from USA

      Thanks a lot GeronimoT! Welcome to hubpages.

    • profile image

      GeronimoT 8 years ago

      Beautiful Pictures!