ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Harvest Broccoli From Your Own Garden This Year

Updated on January 19, 2023
cygnetbrown profile image

Cygnet Brown is a high school and middle school substitute teacher. She is the author of fourteen books and a long-time gardener.

Health Benefits of Broccoli

Growing your own broccoli makes sense if you want the fantastic health benefits of this amazing cruciferous vegetable. Broccoli contains large amounts of vitamins A, B, C, and K. The vitamin K and D provided in broccoli aid in vitamin D metabolism. It aids in detoxing your body by activating, neutralizing, and eliminating unwanted biotoxins. Steamed Broccoli lowers cholesterol. The fiber in broccoli interacts with the bile acids of your digestive system when cooked so that the bile acids can be excreted thereby lowering your cholesterol. Raw broccoli lowers cholesterol as well, but not as much. Studies have shown that it contains a substance that helps decrease the impact of allergy-related substances on our body and has unique anti-inflammatory benefits.

At A Glance: Growing Broccoli

Sow indoors. Harden for one week, then plant plants in the garden when they are six inches tall.

Planting Depth: Plant seeds 1/4 inch deep. Plants should be planted at the same depth as in the transplant pot.

Distance between Plants: 2-3 feet apart.

Germination: Seeds germinate in 4-5 days

Time required in the garden: 50-60 days

Tip: Cut first main broccoli high enough so that you can get additional smaller broccoli later

Broccoli Planting

Like most other annual vegetables, broccoli will grow faster if grown in the full sun. However, if growing during the heat of the summer, broccoli will be kept from bolting by growing it in partial shade. Also like other annual vegetables, broccoli does best if grown in rich, well-drained soil rich in organic material and enriched by added compost.

For best results, plant broccoli so that flower heads form when days and nights are both still cool, so choose a cultivar that can develop before the summer turns hot. Plant broccoli so that you can have a spring harvest as well as a harvest in the autumn months. If you live in an area where the ground never freezes or you have a greenhouse, a third crop is possible.

For your early spring crop, either plant seeds directly in the garden two months before the last frost date or transplant potted plants directly into the garden. Broccoli plants are available at most garden centers in the spring. By planting potted plants, you will get a head start on the hot weather. Whether planted in a pot, plant broccoli seeds 1/4 inch deep. Place pots in a sunny window or under grow lights and maintain the temperature between 60-65 degrees F. Seeds germinate in about 4-5 days.

Transplant plants into the garden when plants are six inches tall and have 2-4 leaves. Be certain to harden off plants for a week prior to planting in the garden. To harden off the plants, put them out in a shady area during the day for a couple of days, then putting in a sunny location during the day for several days. Plant them two feet apart in the garden bed. In each planting hole, dust with about a tablespoon of kelp powder and then soak with water. Plant broccoli 1-2 inches deeper than they were growing in the pots. Press the soil around plants, then sprinkle on more kelp powder and water again.

For fall broccoli, sow seeds directly into the garden about 2 months before the first expected frost. In mild climates or if growing in a greenhouse over the winter, plant in the late fall.

Broccoli During the Growing Season

To produce tasty broccoli, it is important to keep it growing at a steady pace, therefore, making certain that broccoli has adequate and regular watering of one inch to an inch and a half per week (either by rain or irrigation) is important. In addition, nutrients also need to be available to the plants at all times so about 2-3 weeks after planting, I pull the mulch back and side-dress my broccoli with additional kelp powder and composted manure. If fresh rabbit manure is available, however, this also can provide an awesome fertilizer for hungry broccoli plants. Repeat monthly until a week before harvesting the flower head. Once you have harvested the flower head, you will be able to continue to harvest large tender side shoots until hot weather or until a hard freeze stops production.

Garden Buddies for Broccoli

Broccoli does well with herbs such as dill, camomile, sage, peppermint, and rosemary. Also does well with other vegetables such as celery, beets, potatoes, and onions. Broccoli does not grow well with tomatoes, pole beans, or strawberries.

Growing Problems

Of the cabbage family, Broccoli is the least affected by pests. Possible pests include aphids, cabbage loopers, cabbage worms, cabbage maggots, and flea beetles. Other pests include slugs, snails, mites, and harlequin bugs. Many of these pests can be controlled by spraying with soapy water or hand-picking and then dusting around plants with a mixture of wood ashes and diatomaceous earth.

Diseases such as black leg, black rot, and leaf spot can be prevented with good cultivation and crop rotation. destroy affected plants and don't plant in broccoli or other members of the cabbage family in that area for a couple of years.

For club roots whose symptoms are weak yellow plants with deformed roots, add lime to increase the soil pH to 7.0.


Harvest florets before they start to open and turn yellow. Cut just below where the stems start to separate. After you have harvested the main head, side shoots will grow off the main stem and you can keep picking these until the weather gets too hot or too cold.

To get rid of any insects that may be harbored in the broccoli, drive them out by soaking the broccoli in vinegar water for fifteen minutes before using.

Broccoli can be frozen or pickled or stored in the refrigerator for up to two weeks.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2014 Cygnet Brown


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)