ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How To Keep An Artesian Well From Blowing It's Lid

Updated on July 30, 2011

Our Artesian Well Is Just Amazing.

I always heard about these wells but had never dealt with one before. Our well comes out of the ground with 22 #s of force which will blow the well head right off. Apparently this tends to happen about 1 am. In our case I awoke to the sound of a stream running by our window. It seems we did not leave enough water running to relieve the pressure. A quick calculation revealed that 22 psi pushing on a 6" diameter well head equals 565 pounds of force. (Standing on it won't even help) That requires something more than just the compression of a rubber disk between two plates, the normal method of holding the well cover on a normal over the top well. So we set about designing a bolt down system to assure we would not risk flooding the yard and at the same time be able to let the well reach maximum pressure. I'd have a picture of the 6" column of water blowing about 6" above the well casing but at 1AM I just wasn't prepared. Take my word for it, that's a lot of water. What the water pressure lacks in pressure it makes up for in volume. By removing the restrictors from faucets and showers we have never needed a pump. Makes watering the garden and farm animals a zero sum cost. Pretty neat.

Working On The Well

One of the first things we noticed was that even though we were dealing with 560 pounds of pressure and could never hold the cover down by hand, it behaves very gently and in no way poses any risk of bodily injury. (We were more than a little concerned when we first had to deal with the well due to a broken pipe right at the well head. We were burying the water lines and my son inadvertently tugged on the line. The 1 inch pvc broke instantly and a 6" column of water reduced down to 1" equals water all over the place!) As soon as we got the cover clear of the top of the well casing however, the pressure was instantly relieved. The great advantage of hydraulics. If we were dealing with equivalent air or gas pressure it would be downright dangerous. After some consideration and a desire to keep it simple we came up with a design utilizing 4 short pieces of 3/8" threaded rod welded to the casing and two 8" pieces of Uni-strut bolted on top with lock nuts and washers. The modifications to the system can be seen in the pictures.

I used our mig welder to attach the threaded rods to the casing after laying out the Uni-strut and eyeballing and marking the best spot for the rods. After that I bent them out slightly in order to clear the edges of the cover and installed the struts, the washers and locknuts. Now we can run at full pressure without worry. The well is amazing as we can leave water running all the time for the sheep, goats, turkeys, chickens and the rest of the farm critters. Works great summer and winter. At the time we kept the pipes from freezing by wrapping the whole thing in a tarp and placing a plastic tub over it. We get down to about 20 deg here in the Smokey Mountains. Now it is protected inside our new garden shed but that's another Hub for another day. I hope our experience will help others.

Some Videos


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)