ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Refurbish or Rebuild a Small, Wooden Front Porch --- Part I Disassembling

Updated on September 19, 2012

Refurbishing or rebuilding your front porch

Whether you're preparing to sell your house, or just want to spice up the front of your home, rebuilding, or just refinishing your front porch can have a huge impact on the appearance of your little abode. This is not a project that can be completed in a weekend, but it is one you can easily do yourself without a lot of fancy tools or expensive contractors. If you're fortunate enough to have a well-built porch that just needs a face-lift, we'll go through the steps of how to properly take apart, refinish, and reassemble the surface. If, however, your front porch was not built properly in the first place, or has aged beyond salvaging, this article will cover the steps for demolishing, planning, and rebuilding.

This porch needs a facelift.
This porch needs a facelift.

The dos and don'ts of refinishing outdoor surfaces

One of the most common mistakes people make when refinishing their outdoor surfaces is to grab a can of paint, a roller, and slop a nice thick layer of acrylic paint over all the visible areas. But this process, while it looks good for a while, can cause lots of problems in the future. First, even paint rated specifically for outdoor use does not last on surfaces that are going to receive the kind of wear-and-tear that a front porch will receive. Water and sun damage will also take a toll on your newly painted surface and cause peeling over time.

Secondly, painting over the screws that secure your porch will fill the head with paint and cause them to become impossible to remove if you need to replace a board or railing balustrade. Adding a new color to your porch is one of the later steps in the process, so as fun as it is to choose a new color or look, take your time and you'll be rewarded in the end with a professional-looking porch that will withstand weather and wear.

The first step to properly refinishing your porch is to take it apart completely. This will allow you to easily sand and re-coat EVERY surface, not just the ones you can see. It also gives you an opportunity to look over the support structure to ensure the base is stable and in good condition. For this process, you can use a manual screwdriver, but to keep your wrists from getting sore, and your mind from exploding with frustration, I recommend using a power screwdriver; either battery, or electric-powered.

Disassemble your porch

Using a Phillips-head or star-pattern drill-bit (depending on the type of screws originally used), set your screwdriver to reverse and begin removing screws along the railings. On most porches, railings are attached to the sides or directly on top of the horizontal slats, so disassembling needs to start from the top down. If your porch has no railings, begin on one side of your porch and remove the screws row, by row.

If your porch was properly built, the screws will be galvanized or coated deck screws, specially designed to resist corroding and bleeding into the wood. Save these screws as you pull them out---you can reuse them when you put your porch back together. Set each board, balustrade, railing cap, and post in a dry location. If you don't have an indoor space in which to store your materials, stack them next to your house, using cement blocks, bricks, or old pieces of wood to keep the wood off the ground. Cover it with a tarp to protect any wood you will reuse from the weather.

Unfortunately, however, not everyone uses deck screws to build your porch, the screw heads may be full of paint, boards and supports may be rotted; you might encounter any number of problems in taking apart your porch. Yes, these complications will lengthen the amount of time required to complete your project and may result in the need to buy additional material, but you don't need to call a contractor just yet.

Disassembly Complications---how to make the best of a rotten situation

You've tested row after row of screws and IF they do come out, they're broken or rusted. What are you supposed to do if you can't even get the boards up? It is still possible to pull up and reuse the original porch material, though you will have to be more careful in your demolition process. To address these complications, you will need additional tools, namely a crowbar.

When choosing a crow bar, look for a square-forged bar rather than a stamped steel bar. Screws have a tighter grip than nails and coaxing them out will take more leverage, and strength. Forged bars, though more expensive, won't bend and can be made longer to provide the necessary "umph" to get those boards up. Don't forget to wear eye protection. Rusted screws will snap and boards can splinter, so remember to take precautions to protect your eyes.

Working along the length of the board, firmly lift one edge of the board with the flat end of the crow bar until the first screw comes loose. Proceed down the length of each board, pulling up small sections at a time to avoid putting too much stress on the board. If the wood splinters or breaks, don't despair, you can still reuse portions of the piece. If the wood is not rotted, set it aside with the other pieces for refinishing. Once you've pulled up all the boards and set aside the pieces you want to reuse, turn the boards over and hammer the screws out of the board, using the crow bar or back side of the hammer to pull the screws out from the top of the board.


These screws are rusted and mangled.  They'll be replaced with galvanized or coated deck screws to protect the wood from corrosion.
These screws are rusted and mangled. They'll be replaced with galvanized or coated deck screws to protect the wood from corrosion.

Look over your foundation

Once the surface of your deck is carefully taken apart and neatly stored out of the way, take stock of the joists and footings under the porch. These make up the foundation of your porch and if your foundation is rotten, you will need to replace any parts that are unstable. Check that the wood is dry, and solid (it shouldn't crumble or splinter when you squeeze or push on it). Ensure all the metal brackets and fasteners (screws or nails) are free of corrosion and footings are firmly in the ground.

Replace any pieces that look rotted or corroded. If a piece of wood comes in contact with the ground, whether dirt or cement, consider replacing it with pressure-treated wood. The chemicals in pressure-treated wood prevent the wood from rotting. If you're looking for a more natural solution, cedar and redwood are chemical-free options but if any part of these woods contain sapwood, they will not hold up to the test of time. Make sure you ask for all-hardwood cedar or redwood.

Clear out any plant debris, trash, and dirt build-up from around the footings, joists, and around the house foundation. If the posts that make up the footings of your porch are not cemented into the ground, we'll cover pouring new footings and rebuilding the foundation in "Part II Rebuilding your porch foundation."

A water-logged footing is a rotted footing and this one needs replacing!
A water-logged footing is a rotted footing and this one needs replacing!

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)