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How to Start an Organic Garden

Updated on September 15, 2011

How to Start an Organic Garden

Anyone can garden and anyone can grow their own vegetables organically. If you are already gardening but not using organic methods, you can change. If you are starting your first garden there are only a few things you need to do to garden organically.

First for the established gardeners, to grow organically get your garden off chemcails. That is right stop pumping poison on the plants to kill the bugs, prevent disease and provide food. This is not necessary. Second follow the following steps, ignoring the first

How to Start an Organic Garden:

  1. Select a spot that gets a minimum of six hours of sunlight a day. The closer to your back door the better.
  2. Determine how much time you have to garden. This will help you decide what and how much to grow. Start small; you can expand it next year.
  3. What vegetables does your family eat?
  4. Mark of the space where you garden will be and prepare the bed. There are several ways you can do this. I suggest the no dig method, but as long as you do not use chemicals in the process you can rototill. Rototilling will require you to add organic material to the bed first before planting.
  5. Use heritage seeds. Heirloom seed and heritage seed are used interchangeably. They both refer to an open-pollinated cultivar that was commonly grown for many years but is not widely used in industrial agriculture.
  6. To reduce time spent weeding and watering and to feed the soil, which is your key task, use organic material to mulch the garden.
  7. Start a compost bin or pile, compost is a great source of organic material and you get rid of kitchen waste, lawn clippings and leaves, for example.
  8. If you do need to water, do so in the morning before the sun is up too high and be sure to water deep. It is the roots that are seeking the drink.
  9. As the season advances spend time in your garden, observe what is going on and pay attention if something unusual or unanticipated is happening. This could be a warning sign.
  10. Learn to appreciate insects and spiders as many of them are garden friends and will actually help protect your plants form the bugs who want to eat them before you do.

Before you start your garden, draw a plan. It can be rough but it acts as a guide while you get the work underway. Also think about keeping a journal, it will be useful when you are planning next year’s garden.

strawberries

strawberries in container organically grown, Bob Ewing photo
strawberries in container organically grown, Bob Ewing photo

Comments

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  • Bob Ewing profile imageAUTHOR

    Bob Ewing 

    8 years ago from New Brunswick

    Sounds like you are well on your way, happy gardening.

  • Wealthmadehealthy profile image

    Wealthmadehealthy 

    8 years ago from Somewhere in the Lone Star State

    Thanks for the info on when rototilling. Just tilled the plot so will get the appropriate soil additives. Am doing companion planting to alleviate the bugs and make my own sprays so should be good to go....Great hub

  • Bob Ewing profile imageAUTHOR

    Bob Ewing 

    8 years ago from New Brunswick

    You are welcome, happy gardening.

  • Granny's House profile image

    Granny's House 

    8 years ago from Older and Hopefully Wiser Time

    I put in a garden every year. I have a big one. It is a lot of work. I also can all my veggies. That is a lot of work too but it is worth it. At leaste I know what I am getting.

    Thanks for some good tips.

  • Bob Ewing profile imageAUTHOR

    Bob Ewing 

    8 years ago from New Brunswick

    I am moving to an apartment so will be starting a new container garden next month. Happy Gardening

  • myawn profile image

    myawn 

    8 years ago from Florida

    I love vegetables and I am condisidering becoming a vegan. I will look for the hertiage seeds. It will have to be a container garden as I live in an apartment. Nice info hub

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