Interesting Facts About Avocado Trees And Their Fruit
Avocado trees origin
The avocado tree, known as Persea americana, originates from Mexico and it was grown for over 8,000 years. Its fruit has one seed and can be pear-shaped, round or spherical. The skin of the fruit can have black, purple or green colour and can be tick or thin.The tree is grafted in order to produce quality fruit. The avocado tree grows well in Mediterranean and Tropical climates. Avocado fruit ripens after harvesting.
In Australia, the tree was grown since late 19th century. Avocado trees can be grown in orchards or backyard gardens. The tree is fully grown and produces fruit in about 2 to 3 years time from the cultivation.
Types of Avocado trees
There are a few types of avocado trees and some can grown only in certain conditions and climate. The recommended varieties for Australia are described below.
The Bacon avocado grown well in Spain, but can be grown successfully in Australia as well. The fruit has green skin. The size of the fruit is small to medium. The tree prefers partly shade with a few hours of sun daily. It is well suited for a cool climate. The tree is about 4m tall and reaches maturity at 4 years. It produces fruit from June to July.
Hass avocado are the most preferred because of their flavour and creamy texture. The consumption of this avocado can lower the cholesterol level. Peter Young, who grows avocados in Brisbane for more than 35 years, suggests that this tree is not really suitable for the backyards because it grows as tall as 15m and it needs a well drained deep soil. It bears fruit from May to January.
Wurtz avocado is grown in Israel and Australia. The tree is small (between 2 to 3 m tall) and is very popular in backyards. The fruit is medium in size, with dark green skin, pear shaped and with a very rich flavour. It prefers warm temperature. The fruit mature from October to December.
Rincon avocado trees will reach 4 m high and 3 m wide. They prefer warmer temperatures and will not perform well in frosty and cooler areas. The fruit is medium sized and has green skin. This variety grows well in Australia. It produces fruit from June to August.
Pinkerton avocado has the ability to adapt very well to cooler climates. It produces very large amount of fruit from June to August. Its fruit is medium sized wit a nice flavour.
Fuerte avocado can tolerate cold temperatures. It can reach 10-12m high and 11m wide. It produces pear shaped, small fruits. The skin is dark green. The flavour is nutty. June to October is the fruit season for this avocado.
Sharwill avocado grows well in QLD and NSW. This tree does not tolerate frost. It produces high quality and tasty fruit between April and August. It produces pear shaped, small fruits. The skin is dark green. The flavour is nutty.
Benefits of avocados
Avocados can be used raw in salads. Their fat can reduce cholesterol levels considerably. They are good for diabetic sufferers. The fiber which exists in avocados can contribute to lower the high blood pressure.
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