ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How To Grow Spring Vegetables From Seed

Updated on June 10, 2015
LisaRoppolo profile image

Lisa is a writer and gardener with extensive knowledge of plants and plant care. Her articles focus on easy-care tips for home gardeners.

Winter is in It's Final Death Throws

Now is the time to start thinking about what you would like to plant in your garden for the upcoming growing season. Maybe you would like to try growing some different vegetables you have never grown before OR you are interested in growing spring vegetables instead of always only growing the summer staples (i.e. Tomatoes, Peppers, Cucumbers, etc).

This article will outline which spring vegetables you can grow from seed, with tips on how to plant and the conditions needed for successful spring growing. This is by no means an exhaustive list, but enough to get your thinking and experimenting with spring vegetables.

Going through my seed stash and determining what will be planted
Going through my seed stash and determining what will be planted | Source

Vegetables You Can Sow When Temperatures Have Reached 40 Degrees

There are several spring vegetables that can germinate in low temperatures and can take some frost.

Spinach: Benefits from cool spring temperatures and has a tendency to bolt once temps heat up as you head into early summer. Spinach likes full sun. Space each seed 3 inches apart and plant at a depth of about 1/2 inch.

Peas: Another plant that likes it cool. Summer temperatures will stress Peas and lead to slower production or dormancy until temps cool back down again in the fall. Make sure you have a trellis available for these plants to climb on. Peas prefer full sun. Plant seeds 2 inches apart and 3/4 of an inch deep.

Lettuce: One of the vegetables that we love to eat in my household, you can keep trimming the leaves for a salad and it will keep growing more. Lettuce prefers full sun to part shade. Surface sow the seeds, spacing about 5 inches apart.

Radish: Another favorite of my household and super easy to grow. I've never had a problem with germination, even with "old" seed. Radishes like full sun. Sow 1/2 inch deep and space about 1 inch apart.

Mustard and other Greens: Greens in general are very tolerant of cool temps and frost. Some varieties even taste better after a light frost. Greens like part shade. Plant seeds 2 inches apart at a depth of 1/4 of an inch.

Vegetable Seeds You Can Sow When Temperatures Have Reached 50 Degrees

When spring temperatures have stabilized and risen slightly, more spring vegetables are at your disposal.

Broccoli and Cauliflower: High in calcium, Broccoli and Cauliflower do well in full sun to part shade. Plant the seeds 5 inches apart and 1/2 inch deep.

Swiss Chard: One of our favorites. Swiss Chard is a very hearty plant. We planted ours in part shade and it produced spring through the fall without bolting or going dormant in the heat of the summer. Plant in full sun to part shade 1/2 inch apart and 1/4 of an inch deep.

Carrots: Come in many sizes, colors and even shapes. Carrots are one of those staples in our spring garden that we plant every year. Their seeds are especially tiny, so you have a few options when planting them. You can make a "seeder" out of a folded piece of paper. Put a few seeds in the crease and use a pen or pencil tip to drop one of the tiny seeds into the soil or you can buy pre-made seed tape which takes the guesswork out of planting and spacing. All you have to do is cut the tape to size and plant the whole thing in the garden. Carrots like full sun. Plant 4 inches apart and surface sow, lightly covering the seed.

Kohlrabi: This vegetable is making a renaissance in the vegetable gardens of America. It is very common in Germany, where they like to boil the plant and add them to soups. Their flavor is very interesting; to me it has a slight broccoli flavor with a hint of cabbage. The texture raw is that of a Jicama. I definitely think everyone should try this out at least once. Kohlrabi likes full sun. Sow seeds 11 inches apart at a depth of 1/2 of an inch.

Scallions: aka Bunching onions. Very easy to grow and will supply you with onions spring through late fall. We grow these every year and cook with them in all sorts of recipes. We even use them in salsa and guacamole. Scallions like full sun. Space seeds 4 inches apart and sow at a depth of 1/4 of an inch.

Chives: Chives are one of those plants that you can plant once and it comes back every year. So, make sure you plant it in a spot that you don't mind it staying there forever. Chives do best in full sun, but I have them in an area that only gets afternoon sun and they have done really well. Surface sow the seeds and lightly cover with soil.

Beets: Both the tops and the beet bulb can be eaten. Harvest the tops when they are young; larger tops tend to get too "woody". Beets prefer full sun. Sow seeds 3 inches apart and at a depth of 1/2 of an inch.

Loose Leaf Lettuce Harvest
Loose Leaf Lettuce Harvest | Source

Spring Seed Planting

Will you be planting spring vegetables this year?

See results

Growing Instructions Recap

  • Check the growing instructions on the individual seed package.
  • Determine your garden layout and where each plant will go.
  • Make sure soil drains properly.
  • Make sure you water all seeds and seedlings moderately.

"Le Bizarre" Radishes
"Le Bizarre" Radishes | Source

Spring Sowing Chart

Vegetable Type
Minimum Temperature
Estimated Planting Time*
40 Degrees
40 Degrees
40 Degrees
40 Degrees
40 Degrees
50 Degrees
50 Degrees
Swiss Chard
50 Degrees
50 Degrees
50 Degrees
50 Degrees
50 Degrees
50 Degrees

* Planting estimate times based on Zone 5 conditions

"Bright Lights" Swiss Chard
"Bright Lights" Swiss Chard | Source

Saving Seeds

Usually, you have more seeds in each seed packet than you plan on using. Instead of buying new seeds every year, most seeds are able to be saved if you follow these guidelines:

  • Reseal the package or transfer to an envelope.
  • Place envelopes in a location that is away from moisture, light and excessive heat.
  • Ideally, the temperature at which you store seeds should be between 50 degrees and 75 degrees.
  • Seeds typically remain viable in these conditions for up to 5 years.

"Snowbird" Snow Pea
"Snowbird" Snow Pea | Source
"Lola Rossa" Lettuce
"Lola Rossa" Lettuce | Source

© 2014 Lisa Roppolo


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)