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The Principles of Design

Updated on October 29, 2009


The Principles of Design

When you enter a room that gives off a feeling of order and ease, that you can move around comfortably, that invites you to sit and chat - it isn't a matter of chance. Thoughtful furniture arrangement has a lot to do with it. To get it done, apply any of the principles of design:

Proportion - refers to the relationship of objects to the whole area in terms of size; there should be equality in size, shape and space in the arrangement of furniture and fixture in the house.

Balance - means equal in shape, color and value of objects or things in any arrange­ment.

Formal or symmetrical - a kind of balance where the shape, color or object is similar on the two corners or on the two sides of a certain room or design.

Informal or symmetrical balance - an arrangement in a room, where the object, shape or color differs from the other, but the same value or importance is achieved.

Rhythm - this is established by repetition of the same color, shape, form, line and texture in the arrangement of the room.

Emphasis - the center of interest in a room, it gives special attention to something like color, shape or object that makes it standout in a room.

Harmony - the combination of all principles of design, there should be unity in the arrangement so that no object, color or shape is out of place and all parts of the room correspond to each other.


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