Using Clump Bamboo as Home Landscaping
Bamboo Grows Quickly in Most Climates
Living in San Diego, it is easy to come across a yard with Bamboo and other natural grasses growing in a carefree and natural setting. There are approximately over 1600 species of bamboo and they range in size from dwarf bamboo of 1or 2 feet tall to over 90 feet tall. To grow your own Bamboo and other grasses, you will need a pot, a spade, some dirt and some water. It is easy to propagate clump bamboo as it takes very little care once it gets started.
Unlike a tree, Bamboo grows in clumps or in runners. At your local street fair or tropical garden center, purchase a pot of bamboo. Spring and fall are good times to find bamboo. Bamboo is also available on the internet and on-line from other nurseries. Make sure you select a plant that will become the size you need. Most bamboo reaches mature height in 5 years.
If you are using existing bamboo or simply want to split a plant that is already growing, use your spade to divide the clump, making sure you get stem and roots in each clump. Basically just split the plants down the middle, keeping as much dirt on the roots as possible. The best time of year to split the plants is September as new growth appears in the spring, but clump bamboo plants can be divided at any time.
Immediately place the two sections of bamboo in two pots and cover with soil. If you are working with a new plant, make sure your pot is large enough for the plant to spread. The pot should be twice the diameter of the plant and have room for at least 3 inches of potting soil in the bottom. Any potting soil will work but make sure the water drains well as the roots can rot from too much moisture. Do not let the roots dry out in the air as it can kill the plants.
Once the bamboo clumps are in their pots with their soil, water completely. Bamboo grows very quickly and can be very invasive, which means it will grow wherever it wants. It is recommended you plant bamboo plants in a pot unless you have a large planting area.
By the end of the first growing season, you should have a large enough plant to split it again and start another pot.
In North America, there are only 3 indigenous species, while Latin America has over 400 indigenous species. Most bamboo is from Asia. Select your species carefully as not all bamboo will grow in all areas.