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Homesteading and Self-sufficient Living

Updated on July 19, 2013
Rhode Island Red Chicken Egg
Rhode Island Red Chicken Egg | Source

Becoming self-sufficient is not an easy task. For those new to making their own clothing and growing their own foods, taking it slowly will help you to succeed. You do not need acres of property to grow your own food and even to raise a bit of livestock.

Here are a few tips to get your homesteading dreams started on the right foot.

As time allows, I will add more homesteading tips and ideas to my Hubs!


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Rhode Island Red Hen
Rhode Island Red Hen | Source
Milk goats are a sustainable source of food and income on the family homestead.
Milk goats are a sustainable source of food and income on the family homestead. | Source
A good mouser, or several, will keep your homestead pretty well rodent-free.
A good mouser, or several, will keep your homestead pretty well rodent-free. | Source
Young Mixed-breed Bantam Hen
Young Mixed-breed Bantam Hen | Source
Young Pear-white Leghorn Rooster
Young Pear-white Leghorn Rooster | Source


Know Your Zoning Laws:

Call your local zoning board and make sure you are allowed to grow vegetables and have livestock. If you are, what kind of livestock will they allow? How many of each type? Roosters and chickens can make quite a racket so if you have a noise ordinance, you may not be able to keep them.


Respect Those Around You:

You're allowed to have your livestock and gardens? Great! Now respect your neighbors by keeping their pens clean and your gardens as tidy as possible. If you're a bad apple, you could spoil the entire homesteading barrel for the rest of us.

If you're planning on composting, keep your piles as clean as possible and ensure they do not give off noxious odors. Vermin can be prevented by keeping your compost at a healthy temperature and by avoiding adding meat and other slow-to-compost refuse.

Keep trash, no matter how you plan to reuse it, picked up and tidy. If this means building a shed for your recycling items, then do it. The cheapest way to disguise it is to neatly drape a tarp over your treasures. Secure the tarp with stakes or even nice stones around the base.


Share Your Harvest:

Whether you know it, or not, your decision to homestead will affect others. To make your impact a good one, try sharing excess produce and eggs with your neighbors. You may just turn them on to homesteading. The more people in favor of this way of life, the better our world will be.


Start Small:

"Rome wasn't built in a day", and neither will your homestead be. Before purchasing large livestock, try chickens, or even a couple of healthy goats. Before getting livestock, try planting your gardens first. Start with a small plot, a bit larger than what you think you need. A few simple to grow garden vegetables include, tomatoes, potatoes, squash, broccoli, cucumbers, and lettuce.


Prepare and Take Care of Your Soil:

Add as much organic matter as you can before ever planting a thing. Till it all in deeply. Try to do this a year in advance. Adding red wigglers to the amended soil will really add organic fertilizer to the mix. Allowing this to settle for a year will allow the organic matter to break down and become friable for young plants to thrive in.


Mulch, Mulch, Mulch!:

Keep your weeding to a minimum by mulching every inch of your garden, deeply. I add at least six inches of organic mulch to my gardens. I then simply remove the mulch from the areas I will plant, plant my veggies and then replace the soil and mulch. My walkways are mulched as well. When you walk over the mulched pathways, it will compress and make a neat and tidy garden.


Compost Everything:

If you can eat it, it will compost. Meat and milk products will break down into fertilizer, over time. Bury this type of additive deeply into the compost pile. Compost your livestock's manure as well. Continuing to do this will keep you in good fertilizer, forever.


Grow Livestock Feed:

Growing a garden just for your livestock will help you save on feeding costs. Plant items such as tomatoes, kale, alfalfa, corn (leftover, dried corn leaves/stalks can work as a hay stretcher), berries, rose bushes (wild-type), peas, beans, collars, mangles, pumpkins, and squash. Plant also medicinals such as a black walnut tree, slippery elm, garlic, blackberries, acorn trees, raspberries, mint, mugwort, celery, parsley, knotweed, and cloves. There are several wild weedy plants that are really excellent for medicating your livestock, naturally.

Feed all of you scraps to your livestock. Chickens and pigs can eat just about everything you eat. Feed back the eggshells to the hens as they require the calcium. Simply crumple the shells a bit so they don't look like eggs.


Buy Healthy Livestock and Plants:

Buy the healthiest animals you can afford. Keep in mind, even papered animals can be crap. Make sure to study what a milk goat should look like before you buy. Tiny udders are a pain to handle. If possible, see how much milk momma and sisters are producing a day before purchasing any milk animal.

Chickens are important, too. Look for deep-bodies and a stout frame in a meat bird. They should be hefty and look vigorous. Ask the breeder when the chickens usually start to lay and if there has been trouble with egg binding or anything else. Dust your animals for mites, even if they look clean! I use a strong neem oil solution to spray my birds and other animals down with. It kills just about every type of pest. I worm often and always have black walnut extract available to my livestock to drink from, at will. They also get garlic and really hot peppers. Always keep the best of your stock for breeding, not eating!


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    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR

      Jocelyn 

      4 years ago from Florida, PCB

      I do love the farming in Tennessee. There are times though, I wish greatly to be back in North Florida.

      I hope you and your hubby have many great homesteading years ahead of you!

    • profile image

      MrsSieh 

      4 years ago

      In 5 years, my husband will be retiring ( for the first time) and we will be moving back to his home state of Virginia. It's almost as beautiful as my home state of Tennessee ;) we will be homesteading in that next chapter of our lives. I'm using this time to educate myself so I can make better decisions later. Thank you for these hubs - very helpful!

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR

      Jocelyn 

      6 years ago from Florida, PCB

      Thank you! The mulching will help you out in so many ways. You will be astounded at how much work a thick layer of mulch prevents!

    • patchofearth profile image

      Rebecca Long 

      6 years ago from somewhere in the appalachian foothills

      Great hub and a lot of useful information. I especially appreciated the part about mulching. I have been reading a little bit about that lately. I'm hoping it will help me to improve my garden some this year. Thanks for the hub.

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR

      Jocelyn 

      6 years ago from Florida, PCB

      Thanks! It was a lot of fun to write it.

    • Meadow Kelly profile image

      Meadow Kelly 

      6 years ago from Deep South, USA

      I like the way you break it down for beginners, Isadora. There is so much information out there that it can be confusing when first starting out. Kudos on another great hub.

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR

      Jocelyn 

      6 years ago from Florida, PCB

      Homesteading is so much fun! It is hard but FUN! I just got in from spraying the chickens and goats with neem oil. Gotta keep everyone healthy, organically!

      I scooped up plenty of droppings and fed them to the red wigglers, too. They are multiplying so quickly. We are very happy with our progress thus far!

      I hope you can get some chickens and start homesteading soon!

    • missolive profile image

      Marisa Hammond Olivares 

      6 years ago from Texas

      Homesteading is starting to really appeal to me. Both of my parents grew up on the farm and I am always intrigued by the lifestyle they led. One of my co-workers recently shared an interest of raising chickens.

      Great hub - thank you for sharing.

      I'll bookmark for further reference

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR

      Jocelyn 

      6 years ago from Florida, PCB

      I hope you can someday Zenras!

    • zenras profile image

      Krishna Singh Reynolds 

      6 years ago from near negril, jamaica

      wish i could get some chickens myself

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR

      Jocelyn 

      6 years ago from Florida, PCB

      Thanks! Were working hard to do our permaculture farm!

    • claptona profile image

      John D Wilson 

      6 years ago from Earth

      Great Hub Isa,

      More people are doing this and more will be because they have no choice.

      Scarcity of food is coming to America, like it or not.

      Starting now will make you one rich person in the ensuing years.

      Voted up!

      Cheers

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR

      Jocelyn 

      6 years ago from Florida, PCB

      Yea, we have a lot of predators around here. They wiped my flock out. I am down to like four hens out of over 20. It was mainly a stray dog and a cat that killed them. Lost 5 to a fisher though. I am borrowing a large incubator from a family member to hatch out a lot of eggs soon.

      Hopefully we'll have less losses this coming up year!

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 

      6 years ago from Florida

      I grew up in the country with lots of farm animals, and I still miss all that. I can still smell the barnyard when I try. My Grandchildren and I bought some baby chicks and raised them, but the raccoons (or something) made a meal of all 6 of them. We all cried.

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