ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Float and Finish Concrete for a rough, smooth or broom finish.

Updated on August 3, 2011

Step by step instructions for finishing your cement

Choices of Broom Finish: Smooth, or Rough Broomed... At this point (Following Proper Forming and Screeding) you have the choice of how you would like the top of the concrete to look. Walkways and Drives are usually broomed to a rough finish for the sake of Safety and traction.

You may also need to mark stress lines or expansion joints in the pour, This is done while the concrete is still green after the Screeding but before Brooming... Some people repeat this step after brooming to give the lines and borders a nice smooth edge that has a "framed" appearance.

Before you begin to Broom or float: Test the cement in a non-visible area first: If your brooming looks too rough because the broom digs too deep, then smooth it back out with a float and wait awhile longer. (If you are new to this work, Or you do not have a hidden area to test on, You may use some extra concrete to make a thick puddle beside your work area. (You can use a plastic pan for this if you like) This allows you to practice on and test the cement without marring your work area.

As a foot note on Brooming: It is a little better to wait too long and have the appearance too smooth and be "Lightly Broomed" than get too hasty and have it look Rough and sloppy.

For a Rough texture for walkways etc: Wait until the top of the concrete is starting to get thick and solid, The top is still scratch-able but has just about started changing... then take a kitchen broom and lightly rake the broom over the top evenly and carefully. Like painting a fence, you will want your "Brush Strokes" to be straight and even across the entire surface.

For smooth finish you will need to start floating the concrete soon after the Screeding. Be careful not to overdue the floating as that will cause the pebbles to drop and you can end up with a fragile top layer.

Give it a quick once over to make sure there are no dips or holes... make sure you fix any imperfections left behind by the screeding... then wait until the concrete sets up some before floating again.

Yes it is difficult to wait... but you need to... take a walk... go get a cup of coffee... depending on the cement and time since the Screeding... it may be an hour or so... But be watching the time and check on the concrete... when its time to float it, you will want to get right on it.

When you are ready to float the concrete use 18" or larger squares of a thick plywood to put your knees, toes and hands on. this will prevent you sinking in if the concrete is on the soft side yet... be careful.

Do not corner yourself.

Start at the inaccessible corners and work your way back to the doorway or exit.



    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)