ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Maintaining Perennial Gardens

Updated on March 24, 2015

Best Perennial Garden Tips and Ideas

Perennials can be the foundation of any garden. Over a period of two years, I have been filling my gardens with these gems as the framework of my flower and plant display. They are an investment, but can reap huge rewards. I build with these beauties and then enjoy them as they reappear every year.

I love them because they are dependable performers every year and make my landscape shine

Even when they are not in bloom, the foliage of perennials give color to every garden

Your First Step In Perennial Gardening

Before you get started with your perennial garden, know what zone you are living in. Your growing zone will determine what will grow best

The Perennial Care Manual: A Plant-by-Plant Guide: What to Do & When to Do It
The Perennial Care Manual: A Plant-by-Plant Guide: What to Do & When to Do It

The manual for all perennial growers. This will help you make the most out of every plant

 

Feeding Your Perennials

How To Fertilize Them

Perennials do not require a lot of feeding. Most of them only require one spring feeding of a fertilizer low-nitrogen, high-phosphorus fertilizer (5-10-5). For established plants, scratch a handful of fertilizer around each plant. Annual or biennial applications of aged manure or finished compost will restore trace elements and improve soil texture and water retention.

You can use a bloom fertilizer for your flowering perennials. Follow the directions on the bag

Watering Perennials

You Can Grow them Even in Drier Areas

The great thing about perennials is that they need a lot less water than vegetables. Mulching them will help retain water. If you select plants suited to your area, you may hardly need to water at all-and rely on the natural rain to do the job. If you do have to water, avoid getting the foliage wet as much as possible. Soaker hoses are perfect for your perennial garden

Never water your plants at night. The water will stay on the plants and may cause disease staying wetter longer

Staking Your Perennials

Many tall or weak stemmed perennials need support. Put your supports in as early as possible. Make them as invisible as you can. I love these bamboo supports. They do the job and are natura

Use a material to "tie" your plants that won't damage the stalks.l

Dividing Your Perennials

It's Just Like A Harvest !

Many of the plants in the perennial family can be divided to give you new plants, every few years. Once you remove the plants from the ground, place them on a tarp or a large plastic bag. Use two forks to separate the plant or tease them apart. or cut them apart. Usually this is done in early spring or the fall. Most perennials can be divided every 3-5 years

Never separate a plant when it is in full bloom or at the peak of it's foliage. The best time to divide your clumps or bulbs is late spring, summer or fall.

Water Your Perennials Well After Planting After you have planted new perennials or divided plants, make sure to water your plants well, right down to the root ball for about two weeks

Deadheading and Pruning Perennials

Some plants drop their flowers and other retain them until they go to seed. Removing spent flowers will help your plants retain their beauty and may help them re-flower in the same season.

Some plants like roses should be pruned to remove their flowers. Always follow the growers recommendations !

My Florida Perennials - Perennial Collection

One of the benefits of living in Florida is that our growing and blooming season is longer than a lot of the country. So in May, we have a lot of flowers and plants in bloom. The difference between our Northern neighbors and us is that we have more difficulty growing the Spring bulbs like daffodils, forsythia and tulips. The good side of all that is that we have roses almost year round, among others

  • Roses are one of my personal favorites.ave a red rose, a yellow rose, a pink and white rose and a coral/pink rose. This year I will add a new "green" rose. Yes, roses do take a lot of care, but, the rewards are awesome
  • Day Lilies I have a nice collection of day lilies. I have one bed full, plus a few scattered in several other beds. Over and above the flowers that they produce, I love the fact that I can periodically divide them. Often I will share them with friends and family.
  • Iris I have some really beautiful purple Iris. They really create a stunning show every spring ! They are well worth the space in my beds !
  • Amaryllis Here in Florida, you can actually grow amaryllis as a plant in the ground. They pop four to five flowers early in the spring and are a welcome sign of things to come
  • Lantana Drought resist with nice bright flowers, this one is very popular in drier areas of the country
  • Butterfly Bushes These beauties actually do draw dozens of butterflies every year. They bloom from early spring right through the fall. Their delicate flowers provide delightful color !

Early Spring Lillies

In Florida, my perennial garden starts blooming around March
In Florida, my perennial garden starts blooming around March | Source

Pinching Your Perennials

Pinching your perennials is a good gardening practice that will result in more bushy and healthy plants. To pinch a plant, remove the growing tip of a stem by nipping it between your thumb and forefinger. Each single pinched stem will divide into two stems.

Pinch spring and early summer in the spring. The stems of late blooming summer and fall plants should be done no more than 1 foot in the late spring. Don't pinch after July 1st or you will lose a lot of blooms

Pinching is a must for asters and mums. These plants are grown in pots to be full and colorful. Failing to "pinch" them will cause the plants to become frail and leggy the next year

Weeding Your Perennial Garden

Wedding is one task in your perennial garden that you simply can't avoid. Laying a layer of mulch over your garden will help keep those pesky weeds away. But you really have to hand weed your beds to keep your plants lush and growing. It's best to pull weeds before they mature so that they don't seed into your garden. Make sure that you get the entire weed, including the root.

Spring Roses

Mulching Your Perennials

Mulching is the job that you will get the most result from in your perennial garden. Not only does it keep the weeds away, but it also provides other distinct advantages. It should be organic material and be layered at about 2-4 inches deep

  • Weed Control
  • Reduces the need for watering
  • Protects the roots of the plant from extreme temperature variations
  • Keeps soil from running off

I like to use the bagged mulches. Check out your local stores. Usually in early spring you find really good buys. I generally mulch once every year....adding mulch where I need it


More About Perennials

If you have ornamental grasses, take a string trimmer to them in the spring. The old grow must be removed so that the new shoots can come up.

Tell Us About Your Perennials - Share Your Tips, Ideas and Experiences

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.