ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Affirmative Action

Updated on August 17, 2008

Two people apply for the same college. The first has a 4.0 GPA, scored a 2300 on the SAT, is active in extracurricular activities, and regularly volunteers in the community. The second has a 3.6 GPA, scored a 1900 on the SAT, and has significantly fewer credentials. It should be clear that the first student is better qualified and deserves to be admitted over the second student. However, this is not always the case. The first student is Asian, and the second student is black. The first student's race is overrepresented in colleges, but the second student's race is underrepresented in colleges, so the second student is admitted. This is affirmative action. This is wrong. Affirmative action creates reverse discrimination, is a threat to the American way, and furthers prejudices.

Affirmative action was meant to correct past oppressions of minorities and women, but the way this is accomplished is not fair. Our country is about equal opportunity, but affirmative action forces equality of outcome ("Affirmative" New). The policy creates an unfair advantage for minorities and women. Affirmative action is "turnabout" it oppresses whites, especially males, to correct past mistakes, mistakes that were made before our generation (Yates). So I ask, is it right to force people who had no control over the situation to give up jobs and admittance to colleges? Is it right to punish people for their ancestors' wrong doings (Yates)? This is what affirmative action does.

Affirmative action is most prevalent in college admissions. College applications contradict themselves; they start by saying that race, sex, and religion will not be considered in the admissions process, but then later say that if you are black or Hispanic it may help you get into the university. For instance, the University of Michigan rewards 20 extra points out of a perfect score of 150 to black and Hispanic students just for being a minority. This is judgment based on race, the same thing the program claims to be fighting and protecting against ("Affirmative" New).

The Constitution gives rights to individuals, not to groups. This is because America has the concept that "we are all a minority of one," but affirmative action takes the American way of individualism and places people into stereotypical groups ("Affirmative" Hoover). These groups, however, do not make sense because not everyone is the same just because their skin color or sex is the same (Yates). We are all equals, and as equals shouldn't white males have the same "civil rights" and "equal treatment" as women and minorities ("Affirmative" Hoover)?

Martin Luther King Jr. once spoke the words "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character" (Vaughn). Affirmative action does just the opposite. Minorities are given an advantage because of their skin color. Affirmative action furthers prejudices by creating an inferior view of minorities; it implies that certain people can not succeed without help (Vaughn). This implication allows for more prejudices; it makes whites and Asians believe that all minorities are where they are solely because of help ("Affirmative" New). Affirmative action takes the competitive edge away from minorities. Stripping this "competitive instinct" from minorities and women ruins the "self-confidence in one's ability" to succeed ("Affirmative" Hoover). Defenders of affirmative action argue that there is still a high need for the policy because of the discrimination against minorities and women in "upper management positions," but the truth is that the companies often hold the prejudices against these minorities because of affirmative action ("Affirmative" Hoover). They believe that these individuals "have limited capacity and cannot succeed without" the benefits of the program ("Affirmative" Hoover). The result of affirmative action is "cynicism" and "resentment" ("Affirmative" New).

Discriminations of all kinds need to be eliminated, but affirmative action is not the way to do it. The program is "both insulting and reverse discrimination in its purest form" (Vaughn). Affirmative action is a ‘direct threat" to the equality that defines America as a nation ("Affirmative" Hoover). Affirmative action ruins our founding fathers hope of a nation with equality for all ("Affirmative" Hoover). Affirmative action "directly contradicts Dr. King's dream" of a nation that does not judge by color (Vaughn). Affirmative action is an unfair system in which some people must work hard and have talent and some succeed because of their race or sex ("Affirmative" New). This policy needs to be eliminated so our nation can truly be a nation that sees past color and gender. We need to stop race and sex bases preferences, we need to ensure equal opportunity for everyone, but we do not need to ensure equal outcome.


"Affirmative Action Creates Reverse Discrimination." New Criterion. January 2001.

Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Thompson Gale. 30 October 2007.

"Affirmative Action Is a Threat to Equality." Hoover Digest. Winter 2001. Opposing

Viewpoints Resource Center. Thompson Gale. 30 October 2007.

Mac Donald, Heather. "Schools and Businesses Should Not Promote Diversity."

Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Thompson Gale. 30 October 2007.

Vaughn, Fritz. "Affirmative Action Goes Against the Spirit of American Dream." Old

Gold and Black. 23 January 2003. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Thompson Gale. 30 October 2007.

Yates, Stevens. "Affirmative Action Programs Are Unjust."

2004. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Thompson Gale. 30 October 2007.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile imageAUTHOR

      Dessy Wildwood 

      9 years ago

      Personally, I think that is more than fair. I believe both should be gotten rid of.

    • oparu profile image


      9 years ago from Jamaica Plain, MA

      If we get rid of affirmative action, we also need to get rid of legacy admissions, which has been around much longer than affirmative action. Rich kids get into college just because mommy or daddy is rich and went to that school. I might also add that Asians have a higher hurdle to jump to get into college as well because they are over represented.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)