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If France and Italy are Considered The Countries of Love? Roses are the True Meaning of Love

Updated on September 2, 2008


If France and Italy are Considered The Countries of Love

The same world would say of all the flowers

Roses are considered to be the purposeful Essential of Love

Words of Affirmation

Mark Twain once said “I can live for two months on a good compliment.” Verbal appreciation speaks powerfully to persons whose primary Love Language is “Words of Affirmation.” Simple statements, such as, “You look great in that suit,” or “You must be the best baker in the world! I love your oatmeal cookies,” are sometimes all a person needs to hear to feel loved.

The Quest for the Meaning of Rose Color

The ancients first started breeding roses for their colors thousands of years ago. If we can use the meaning of rose color to choose the right colored rose this will allow our rose to warm the heart of our special someone with their meaning. Red roses, pink roses, orange roses, yellow roses, white roses, lavender roses, green roses, blue roses, and even black roses are all options. Take a look at our rose color meaning to help choose the right color for your occasion.

Red Rose – Conventional Love

This is the rose that has been around the longest in convention.

Give a red rose if you want to show love or romantic desire, but beware! This rose color is a safe choice, but it has far less effect than the other colors that you now have to choose from. Your special someone may appear delighted at your gift, but don’t let this fool you into thinking that giving a blue rose for instance wouldn’t have been an a hundred times more effective color.

Red is traditionally the imaginative spirit of love. It represents pure, undying love stronger than thorns. The color of animal desire is transformed in purest calmest plant life.

Different shades of red roses signify different things.

Amaranth red represents far-reaching desire that has a long history.

Cardinal red gives one a more subtle but inspiring gesture of love.

A fire red rose indicates a mad passionate love.

A withered red rose says love is over.

A red rosebud is young love and beauty.

What does the Yellow Rose Mean?

Yellow Rose- Friend or Foe?

Hundreds of years ago yellow roses signified jealousy.

In some countries such as Mexico and Germany this is still the case.

In the U.S. the yellow rose is given for deep friendship, and can be used to express condolences. It is the rose of household joy and common love.Colors vary from light yellow to golden. Varieties consist of Gold Strike, Skyline, Judy and Aalsmeer Gold. Yellow roses indicate joy, gladness, and friendship. They are perfect for situations of glory and happiness: weddings, business parties, graduations, and birthdays.

In Australia, the giving of a Yellow rose means I am sorry.

Just is careful giving this rose in countries outside of the United States.

What does the Pink Rose Mean?

The pink rose is the rose for good friends to give to each other. Pink roses express gratitude, honor and generosity. Use the shades of pink to define your expression. Deep pink conveys gratitude and pleasure, whereas light pink says respect and compassion; peach roses communicate an unassuming nature.

What does the Orange Rose Mean?

Orange Rose- Craving

Orange rose colors vary from bright orange to coral. Orange roses are perfect for people who you desire and those you don’t yet know but want to get to know better. Also give them to people you are congratulating for their accomplishments.

What does the Blue Rose Mean?

Blue Rose Fantasy and Impossibility.

Give the blue rose (if you can find one) when you feel there is no hope but love itself. This rose represents a true enigma as scientists are still struggling to create a natural one. The rose continues to rebel against their genetic engineering attempts. So give the blue rose when you need a miracle and new possibilities. The blue rose is the rose to give to sick and dying people. It is also a good rose to give in a long distance relationship or a relationship with many polarities. Give the blue rose to the spiritually inclined.

What does the Black Rose Mean?

Black Rose Death, Confronting Fear

With death comes new life. This is a rose color that is guaranteed to leave a deep impression. It is for the courageous and bold to give, but beware, as many may see it as a curse. Black roses may express the death of hardened thought habits and mean a new rebirth. Give this rose to end a stagnating relationship, to say you have turned over a new leaf or to impress a gothic inclined special someone.

What does the White Rose Mean?

White Rose - Purity

Give white roses to innocent, reverential, and chaste people. White roses are always used in weddings. They can also be given as a sign of secrecy. A white rosebud is used to show girlhood; a woman giving one to her lover signifies she wants to lose her virginity. The white rose signifies being able to loyally keep a secret, even past death. A withered white rose says "Death is better than loss of virtue". It is not a good sign to receive such a token. White roses imply a spiritual love that transcends the flesh. They are good flowers to give to friends.

What does the Lavender Rose Mean?

Lavender Rose- Alluring

Lavender roses are given when you have “love at first sight”. Also give lavender roses to those who you feel are very special and enchanting. They are for magical people that you are infatuated with. Give them with caution as the purple rose is a very powerfully colored rose.

What does the Green Rose Mean?

Green Rose Fertility and Wealth

Give the green rose to newly pregnant women (and men). This is also a great flower for business. It is a message that says, “good luck in all your endeavors”. Green is the color of life and the green rose is very rare to procure. Green roses signify good luck. Give them mostly in a business setting.

Red Roses love, passion, beauty, respect, courage, romantic love

Red & White Roses


Red & Yellow Roses

jovial, happy, congratulations

Pink Roses

happiness, gentleness, sweetness

White Roses purity, innocence, secrecy, charm, reverence

Pale Pink Roses

admiration, grace, gladness, joy, sweetness

Yellow Roses

joy, gladness, freedom, friendship, caring, loyalty, trust, jealousy

Yellow & Orange Roses

passionate thoughts

Dark/Hot Pink Roses


Orange Roses

fascination, enthusiasm, desire

Peach Roses

gratitude, appreciation, admiration, sympathy

Mauve/Purple Roses

'love at first sight', enchantment

Burgundy Roses

unconscious beauty

Black Roses

farewell, death


colors & meanings

Our Rose Colors and Meanings guide contains helpful hints about the meaning associated with the colors of roses and other rose information. As one of the most enduring symbols for love and appreciation, it's no surprise that roses are among the most admired and evocative of flowers. Our comprehensive guide to the colors and meanings of roses is your resource for rose interpretation.


Red roses are the traditional symbol for love and romance, and a time-honored way to say "I love you." The red rose has long symbolized beauty and perfection. A bouquet of red roses is the perfect way to express your deep feelings for someone special.

History and Meaning of Red Roses

Primary Significance: Love and Romance

The Red Rose not only carries more meaning than many other color roses, it is also one of the most universal of all symbols. The long, storied history of the red rose has lent it a wealth of significance. Red roses have been represented in countless works of art, from classical paintings and poetry to modern day music and media. They have appeared throughout history and across many cultures as political and religious symbols. The mystique of the red rose has been a source of immeasurable inspiration for many throughout the ages. However, it is as the symbol for love that the red rose is most commonly recognized.

Red roses, as we think of them today, are the traditional symbol for love and romance. The modern red rose we are now familiar with was introduced to Europe from China in the 1800's. However, the meanings associated with them can be traced back many centuries, even to some of the earliest societies. The color red itself evolved from an early primal symbol for life into a metaphor for deep emotion. In Greek and Roman mythology the red rose was closely tied to the goddess of love. Many early cultures used red roses to decorate marriage ceremonies and they were often a part of traditional wedding attire. Through this practice, the red rose became known as a symbol for love and fidelity. As the tradition of exchanging roses and other flowers as gifts of affection came into prevalence, the red rose naturally became the flower of choice for sending the strongest message of love. This is a tradition that has endured to the present day.

Red roses continue to be the most popular way to say "I love you" to someone special. The rich heritage of the red rose has culminated in its modern day image as the lover's rose. They are the definitive symbol for romantic sentiments, representing true love, stronger than thorns. Red roses are a meaningful gift, perfect for expressing feelings for a loved one on Valentine's Day, an anniversary or simply "just because." For the budding relationship, a red rose bouquet can also signal the beginning of romantic intentions. They can send a message of commitment and an invitation to take the next step. Even the simplicity of a single red rose can elicit a powerful response. Whatever the occasion, red roses have an allure that is hard to resist!


As a symbol of grace and elegance, the pink rose is often given as an expression of admiration. Pink roses can also convey appreciation as well as joyfulness. Pink rose bouquets often impart a gentler meaning than their red counterparts.

Pink Rose


History and Meaning of Pink Roses

Primary Significance: Love, Gratitude, Appreciation

Pink roses have a rich history that comes with being one of the longest existing roses known to us - in fact, pink roses have even been depicted in some of the earliest known pieces of art. When roses first began to be cultivated, the majority of them existed in various shades of pink, from the palest pink to the deepest crimson. Prior to that, pink roses were the dominant species among wild roses, and were likely among the earliest roses to evolve.

In time, discoveries of new rose species and the development of modern hybridization techniques would introduce many new colors of roses. Also introduced at this time were roses with the ability to bloom repeatedly throughout the year. This was a significant development, as earlier garden roses would typically only bloom once a year. As more colors and types of roses entered the palette, each began to take on their own meanings. So too, did the meaning of the pink rose become more refined.

Above all, roses are a symbol for love and gratitude. As the pink rose was the most prevalent among the old garden roses, it was most strongly associated with these sentiments. While different roses may have more specific meanings, these are still the underlying message of any color rose. Pink roses also now carry a connotation of grace and elegance, as well as sweetness and poetic romance. Different shades of pink also carry their own significance. Dark pink roses are symbolic of gratitude and appreciation, and are a traditional way to send a message of thanks. Light pink roses are associated with gentleness and admiration, and can also be used as an expression of sympathy.

With the many ways in which they can be used to express a range of meanings, pink roses continue to maintain their popularity. The beautiful appearance and fragrance so strongly associated with roses in general, as well as their symbolic importance, can be traced back to the pink rose. While much has changed over the years, pink roses have consistently held their place of prominence in the world of flowers. Today, pink roses enjoy their own unique position representing elegance and refinement, as well as communicating thanks and admiration. The recipient of an arrangement of pink roses is sure to feel appreciated and special.

Send Pink Roses


The bright, sunny color of yellow roses evokes a feeling of warmth and happiness. The warm feelings associated with the yellow rose are often akin to those shared with a true friend. As such, the yellow rose is an ideal symbol for joy and friendship.

Yellow Rose


History and Meaning of Yellow Roses

Primary Significance: Friendship, Joy, Get Well

Yellow roses have a shorter, albeit no less fascinating, history than other roses. It wasn't until around the 18th century that yellow roses were discovered growing naturally in parts of the Middle East. Prior to this, roses in cultivation predominantly existed in various shades of pink and to a lesser extent, white. However, once the first yellow roses were introduced, their popularity quickly spread.

During roughly this same time period, new rose cross-breeding and hybridization techniques were being innovated. These experiments would play an important role in the evolution of the yellow rose. One of the more compelling attributes of most roses is their sweet smelling fragrance. This was a trait that the first yellow roses did not share, and in fact, quite the opposite was true! In time however, as breeding and cultivation methods were refined, hybridizers were able to gradually phase in the more pleasing aroma that rose-lovers are accustomed to.

Also changed over the years were the meanings related to yellow roses. Throughout history, the color yellow has been closely associated with the sun. As the source of light and warmth, the sun is integral to life on Earth, and has been worshiped in many early societies. It should come as no surprise that the color of the sun would hold many positive connotations. In many Eastern cultures, for example, the color yellow represents joy, wisdom and power. However, in Europe at the time of the introduction of these roses, the color yellow carried much more negative overtones. Consequently, yellow roses were long used as a symbol for jealousy and dying love. As time went on, however, the more universal meanings connected with the color yellow have come to prevail and entwine themselves with the yellow rose. Today yellow roses are more commonly associated with joy and friendship.

A bouquet of yellow roses now brings to mind all of the sunny, cheerful feelings of warmth and happiness. In contrast to the romantic meanings attributed to other roses, the yellow rose is purely a symbol for friendship. This gives it a unique place in the pantheon of roses. Yellow roses can send the perfect message of appreciation and platonic love without the romantic subtext of other colors. They can represent feelings of joy and delight, and are an ideal way to brighten someone's day who may be feeling down. There is perhaps no other flower that is able to bring out a smile in quite the way that a yellow rose can.

Send Yellow Roses


White roses represent innocence and purity and are traditionally associated with marriages and new beginnings. The white rose is also a symbol of honor and reverence, and white rose arrangements are often used as an expression of remembrance.

White Rose


History and Meaning of White Roses

Primary Significance: Purity, Innocence, Sympathy, Spirituality

With its pristine appearance, the white rose has come to symbolize purity, innocence and secrecy. There are myths and legends from several different cultures relating to the origin of the first rose which is initially white in color and is then miraculously transformed. Oftentimes the pure white rose was depicted as being stained by blood, or made to blush from a kiss. The recurrence of this theme does a great deal to establish the white rose as a symbol for purity.

Early traditions also used white roses as a symbol for true love, an association which would later become the hallmark of the red rose. However, white roses continue to endure and retain their symbolism of innocence. White roses are now used to express a number of different sentiments.

Also known as the bridal rose, the white rose is a traditional wedding flower. In this sense, they are a representation of unity, virtue, and the pureness of a new bond of love. White roses are also a symbol for young love, which further strengthens the association, and makes them ideal for marriages. Bridal bouquets are often comprised of white roses and other white flowers.

White roses are also associated with honor and reverence, which makes them a fitting memorial for a departed loved one. Funeral and sympathy arrangements traditionally incorporate white roses as a part of the tribute. As a symbol of remembrance, the white rose represents heavenliness and is an expression of spiritual love and respect.

While most of the long-established meanings of white roses are still quite commonly used today, others have become less prevalent. White rosebuds, for example, are a traditional symbol for girlhood and carry an underlying message of one too young for love. While perhaps no longer falling into the realm of common knowledge, this is still very much a part of the language of roses.

White roses can mean many things to many different people. They can symbolize new beginnings, or be a sign of farewell. They can convey feelings of love, friendship, respect and hope. Underlying all of these messages is the impression of innocence and purity with which white roses are now synonymous. An arrangement of white roses is not only beautiful; it can carry a complexity that belies its simpler appearance. Whatever the reason white roses are given, it can be assured that they will be deeply appreciated by their recipient.

Send White Roses


With their blazing energy, orange roses are the embodiment of desire and enthusiasm. Orange roses often symbolize passion and excitement and are an expression of fervent romance. A bouquet of orange roses will send a meaningful message.

Orange Rose


History and Meaning of Orange Roses

Primary Significance: Desire, Enthusiasm and Passion

Orange roses have emerged as one of the true stand-outs among today's popular rose varieties. The fiery color of an orange rose immediately conjures up passionate thoughts of romance. They can also be reminiscent of the warmth of a glowing sunset, or the sweetness of citrus. Orange roses come in a range of shades, from bright orange to softer coral and peach colors. Since the introduction of the orange rose into the world of roses, they have quickly found their place in the hearts and imaginations of rose aficionados everywhere.

Near the turn of the 20th century, rose cultivators began to produce orange roses, thanks to the recent discovery of wild yellow roses, and the spread of advanced hybridization techniques. As these early experiments to produce orange roses yielded positive results, rose enthusiasts found themselves with a new layer to add to the increasingly rich tapestry of rose meanings.

The orange rose has mainly come to be regarded as the symbol for desire, enthusiasm and passion. Being a literal mixture of the colors yellow and red, orange roses were often seen as a bridge between the feelings of friendship symbolized by yellow roses, and love associated with red roses. Giving a bouquet of orange roses could be a sign of emerging romantic feelings and the desire to move a relationship beyond the stage of friendship. In addition, they can be an expression of fascination, or a gift to say "I'm proud of you." Orange roses have also become popular as a Halloween flower.

The association of orange roses with romantic expressions is fitting, considering the obvious connection between the color of fire and the metaphors we associate with it. The orange rose has become the perfect way to symbolize the heat of passion, burning desire and the flames of love. Orange roses have a power to send a message of romance that can rival even the red rose!

In the relatively short time the orange roses have been on the scene, they have had quite an impact. From those who simply enjoy the warming color, to those who wish to convey that special meaning, the orange rose has become a mainstay in the family of roses. They can have the soft radiance of an autumn sunset which warms and soothes the spirit. At the same time, orange roses can have an intensity that can consume hearts and souls, much like the fire that we associate them with. Whatever their purpose, a bouquet of orange roses is sure to heat things up!

Send Orange Roses


The unique beauty of the lavender rose has captured many hearts and imaginations. With their fantastical appearance, lavender roses are a perfect symbol of enchantment. The lavender rose is also traditionally used to express feelings of love at first sight.

Lavender Rose


History and Meaning of Lavender Roses

Primary Significance: Enchantment, Majesty, Love at First Sight

One of the rarest and most visually stunning rose colors is lavender. The eye-catching shades of light purple have made the lavender rose a wildly popular alternative for romantic occasions, as well as an everyday favorite for all who enjoy its distinctive appearance. A bouquet of lavender roses can definitely make a striking impression. In addition, there are many time-honored meanings traditionally associated with them. Few other flowers can match the beauty of these fascinating roses.

Lavender Roses have had a captivating allure throughout their long history. There are several lavender rose varieties in cultivation, ranging from the Old Garden varieties to more modern rose hybrids. Lavender rose species include miniature rose bushes as well as larger single bloom flowers. It is the longer stemmed variation that has become the most popular for floral arrangements, and which often carries the most symbolic significance.

As with other roses, lavender roses have their own special meanings which have evolved over the years of their existence. The lavender rose is often a sign of enchantment and love at first sight. Those who have been enraptured by feelings of love and adoration have used lavender roses to express their romantic feelings and intentions. The color purple also has a traditional association with royalty. In this regard, shades of lavender roses can suggest an air of regal majesty and splendor.

Lavender roses also share some of the symbolism of the fabled blue rose. Because blue roses do not occur naturally, they have come to represent the mysterious and unattainable. The goal of discovering the first blue rose has ignited many imaginations. While the quest for truly blue roses continues, many of the meanings associated with them have become tied to its nearest existing relative, the lavender rose. Thus, lavender roses can also represent wonder and impossibility, with a sense of the magical.

As a way to express our most sincere love and appreciation, the appeal of the lavender rose is undeniable. They can be the perfect choice for those wishing to make an impact with a unique and extraordinary flower. With the wealth of symbolism that they possess, they can also be used to convey any number of deeply meaningful messages. Throughout the history of roses, the lavender rose has stood out as one of the most remarkable and engaging varieties available. Receiving a bouquet of lavender roses can make for an unforgettable experience.


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    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Он колючий. И это доставляет вам боль. В конце концов, если щетина или борода дорога ему как память, необязательно вовлекать ее в ваши интимные дела. Достаточно языка и губ. А подбородок пусть подождет.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I utilized to get on top of lifetime although recently I've established some sort of level of resistance.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      И напоследок еще несколько вещей, которые нужно знать об интенсивности облучения высокой частотой при использовании мобильного телефона: чем выше уровень сигнала "базы", тем меньше (иногда в десятки, а то и сотни раз) излучаемая мощность вашего мобильника; по этой причине звонки из города часто безопаснее загородных, поскольку телефон работает с меньшей мощностью;

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from Sydney

      Well thank you very much.It is indeed an honour to recognised by an expert in all areas of flowers.

      Again thank you

    • profile image

      Sending online flowers 

      10 years ago

      You've done a great favor on your blog to roses, keep it up.

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Sydney

      Your thoughts are kind and generous

      thank you very much

      I trust your Chrismas and new is exactly what you desire. Best 2008

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      Thanks for sharing...I know why you call yourself Mr.Marmalade, you ole' softy, wink. Great to read your works of art...I enjoy your indepth, informative writing style...merry xmas and happy new year.

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Sydney

      To tell you the truth, nor did I. The indepth information goes on and on.

      Anyway thank you for those kind words

    • Kenny Wordsmith profile image

      Ashok Rajagopalan 

      11 years ago from Chennai

      Delightful hub, Frank! I only knew the superficial meanings like a red rose meant 'I love you,' but didn't know the subject went as deep as this! Thank you.

    • gabriella05 profile image


      11 years ago from Oldham

      Hi Mrmarmalade

      Like you hub very refreshing

      Thank you enjoyed Reading it

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Sydney

      I will go to everybody's Hub

    • omdelhi profile image

      Om Prakash Singh 

      11 years ago from New Delhi

      Simply Great Post.

      Do visit my hubs too

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Sydney

      Thank you one and all for your kind remarks

      Question:- Has any one, some Christmas Cakes recipes.? I am writing a book on Christmas cakes around the world. You will receive recognition. I would like as many as you have. Not all of them being distinctively from the South pole

      Thank you again

    • Aman deep Garg profile image

      Aman deep Garg 

      11 years ago

      I like Red roses.

    • Bob Ewing profile image

      Bob Ewing 

      11 years ago from New Brunswick

      I am partial to roses especially red ones.

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 

      11 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      MrMarmalade! A nice HUB!

      regards Zsuzsy

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Sydney



      sincerely hope you nurture them well

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Sydney

      Well it has given me an idea to start a site,where members can send animated roses for different occasions

      I will wish you God's speed in setting this great site up

    • lovemeanddie1988 profile image


      11 years ago from waynesville

      I love all kinds of roses. We got 3 rose trees out front

    • Freegoddies profile image


      11 years ago

      A beautiful way of expressing the qualities that Roses have for different moods.

      Well it has given me an idea to start a site,where members can send animated roses for different All the best,and thanks for the comment on my hub.'Gods Agenda'

    • cgull8m profile image


      11 years ago from North Carolina

      That's sweet, she is lucky to have you. I grew a few of them, it realy highlighted the garden, plan to do more in my new home soon.

    • MrMarmalade profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Sydney

      Val has had six red roses a week for 52 weeks and for the last 50 Years


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