ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

hardwood floor

Updated on August 20, 2007
A Common Hardwood Floor.  Wood flooring can be made from a variety of timbers including pine and spruce.
A Common Hardwood Floor. Wood flooring can be made from a variety of timbers including pine and spruce.

Hardwood Flooring

Wood flooring is an age-old method of flooring which utilizes timber taken from hardwoods, spruce or hard pine. The price of wood flooring varies greatly, depending on the type of timber, the quality of the timber, and whether or not the timber has been pre-finished, or will require sanding after installation. In recent years, finding raw wood flooring is becoming increasingly rare. Manufacturers of wood flooring are beginning to make pre-finished flooring standard.

Pre-finished wood flooring is often finished with a polyurethane finish that has added aluminum oxide. Some companies prefer to utilize titanium dioxide instead. Aluminum oxide is a decent thermal insulator and electrical insulator. Alumium oxide is used to assist the wood flooring in keeping heat from seeping through the floor, and to prevent cold air from seeping in. Aluminum oxide also greatly increases the flooring's resistance to weathering.

Titanium oxide is a naturally occuring oxide of titanium, which is often called titanium white given it's color. Titanium oxide is used in a wide range of applications, from paint, sunscreen, food coloring and of course, wood flooring. From a safety stand-point, the titanium and aluminum oxides used in pre-finished wood flooring are harmless. Both will allow to floor to last longer, while recieving more abuse.

Types of Wood Flooring

There are two main types of wood flooring. Both of these types of wood flooring have pro's and con's. Read about both of these types of floors to make the best decision for your situation.

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid hardwoods are generally 3/4" (or 19mm) thick. Solid hardwood flooring can be installed with a nail-down installation over wood subflooring. Solid wood flooring is incredibly susceptible to both moisture and temperature. In climates where the summers are very hot, and the winters are very cold, it is not uncommon to hear the house creaking regularly as the flooring expands and contracts. Solid hardwood flooring should not be installed on top of a concrete slab. Some 3/8" thick hardwood flooring can be installed on a concrete slab, if the manufacturer states it is ok.

Engineered Wood Flooring

Rather than utilizing a solid piece of wood, engineered hardwood uses layers of hardwood veneer to create the final product. The wood veneer can change in thickness depending on the manufacturer. Creating engineered hardwood flooring requires the veneer layers to be stacked on top of each other, with the wood facing perpendicular to each other. After cutting, the flooring is stained if neccesary, and a finish is often applied. As mentioned above, the finish contains aluminum or titanium oxide, which grealy increases the wear-resistance of the flooring. Because engineered hardwood flooring has what is know as dimensional stability, it can be glued directly to a concrete slab.


Submit a Comment

No comments yet.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)