ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Disasters That Shook India: Tsunami 2004

Updated on July 2, 2016

The Cause

On the morning of December 26, 2004, Indian fisherman woke up to see a strange phenomenon. It was nothing like they had ever seen before. The gigantic, deadly waves of the tsunami were approaching the shores. These waves were caused by an earthquake of a magnitude of more than 9 on the Richter Scale, probably the highest reading ever recorded in the region. The waves swept away everything that came in their path. According to National Geographic, this was the deadliest tsunami in history.

This earthquake took place because of a thrust fault in the subduction zone, causing the overlapping of tectonic plates. This movement led to a vertical displacement of 15 to 20 meters, breaking the ocean floor and resulting in tsunami waves. The massive displacement had been caused by the severe earthquake. Since 1900, only five times has the 9-point mark been crossed on the Richter Scale, this was the fourth occasion. The epicenter of this quake was around the West Coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The waves caused were up to 30 meters (100 feet) in height.

These waves caused massive destruction in the southern parts of India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Thailand. Indonesia was the hardest hit country.

The Destruction

  • According to US Geological Survey, around 227,998 people lost their lives in this disaster.
  • According to a report by Siti Fadilah Supari (the Indonesian Health Minister at that time), around 220,00 people were killed in Indonesia itself.
  • More than 500,000 houses were washed away, leaving many people homeless.
  • In India, the death count was around 20,000.
  • These waves traveled more than 5,000 kilometers and were still strong enough to cause death and destruction.
  • The earthquake that caused these waves was predicted to carry energy equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs.
  • Coastlines of 11 countries were affected by this tsunami between East of Africa to Thailand.
  • Over 500,000 people were injured and lakhs went missing.
  • Many islands of Andaman and Nicobar were swept away by the waves.
  • According to the Nicobar Police Chief SB Doel, 1 in every 5 persons living on the islands were either injured or killed.
  • While some of the islands vanished completely, others changed their shape and few were even split into parts.
  • 80% of the people affected in India belonged to the fisherman community and more than 50,000 fishing vessels were damaged.

The Response

Some of the people were able to recover due to the financial support provided by various insurance policies. Some even had child insurance plan and were able to financially protect their loved ones even though they had been injured and lost their jobs. Many were forced to take shelter in relief camps. This tragedy saw the world uniting for a greater good. People from different countries and regions came together to help the victims of this disaster.

  • According to BBC, more than $7 billion was raised worldwide for tsunami victims and manpower was also sent from various regions.
  • Japan was the biggest donor, offering around $500 million.
  • Relief camps were set up for the victims and food as well as cloths were provided to them.
  • People donated money from all over the world.
  • The Disaster Emergency Committee generated £392 million from the British public, which was used for reconstruction.
  • Top cricketers from around the world came together to play charity matches. Money generated was donated for relief.
  • The Indian government announced $29 million for the development of an early warning system to minimize the damage from such a calamity in the future.

The major reason behind such destruction was no prior warning. According to experts at Bharti AXA, it is always better to prepare for the unforeseen and the unpredictable. So, if you have small children, you can opt for a child life insurance to secure their future in case of an unplanned misfortune.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)