ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Politics and Social Issues»
  • Asia Political & Social Issues

Angklung - Indonesian Heritage Series

Updated on June 4, 2010
Angklung Indonesia
Angklung Indonesia

What Is Angklung

Angklung is a traditional music instrument that made from raw materials called bamboo which is the way in jolty (noise caused by the body of bamboo pipes) so that the sound vibrate in the order of tone 2, 3, 4 in the tone of each size , Both large and small. Pitch (tone) music equipment Angklung music as a tradition, mostly Sundanese and Salendro Pelog. Angklung is originated from Indonesia and West Java (The Land of Pasundan) region specially

Saung Angklung Udjo Play Symphony No. 40

Why they use bamboo to make Angklung ?

Bamboo is a type of plant of the grass family and easily find throughout Asian region including Southeast Asia. According to Professor Kuo-Huang Han from School of Music, Northern Illinois University, there are at least two reasons :

1. From the material culture
Bamboo is strong but light and elastic. Throughout the ages, it has been used for a great variety of purposes. It is used as building material for houses, fences, bridges, irrigation pipes, bulletin boards, tables, chairs, and beds. It is also used as a carrying pole, a walking stick, chopsticks, water containers, cups, pencil holders, bow and arrows, etc. Split bamboo is used for weaving nets, hats, baskets, and umbrellas. Finally, bamboo shoots and bamboo seeds can be eaten. I remember that my granny loves to cook young bamboo (it calls rebung in my language, you may make some spring rolls from it, and it is delicious)

Bamboo pulp fibers were used to make paper. In ancient times, bamboo slips were used for carving characters. In art, bamboo is used for handicrafts. In the realm of music, many musical instruments were and still are made of bamboo.

2. From the spiritual culture  .
Bamboo grows rapidly. It is seen as embodying the force of growth and fertility in many Asian societies. The Dusun people of north Borneo Island (Kalimantan, Indonesia) pay homage to a sacred bamboo to assure fertility and also believe that yellow bamboo can ward off evil spirits. In Taiwan, myth tells how bamboo was brought to earth by a man from heaven. In India, myth tells how King Rama’s wife, Sita, had an extra finger on one hand, which she cut off and planted. From it grew a bamboo plant, which in its sections contained all kinds of grain, which became available to human kind through a hole in the bamboo, chewed there by a pig. (Wessing 1998: 51)

Since bamboo is such an important material in Asian people’s lives, it is not surprising to find numerous bamboo musical instruments. As far as Southeast Asia is concerned, bamboo is used for three out of four categories of musical instruments, namely, aerophones (winds), chordophones (strings), and idiophones (percussion without membrane).

Angklung KPA ITB - Mission Impossible

Rihanna "Umbrella" - Angklung/Bamboo Version

Indonesian Kids Playing The Angklung

History of Angklung

I found it in Wikipedia, it seem that Angklung has already known from the Hindu period and Pajajaran Kingdom era. The Sundanese people used the angklung to sign the time for prayer (Five times prayer according to Moslem religion that is most believed by Sundanese people). Later, Padjajaran kingdom use this instrument as corps music in Bubat War (Perang Bubat)

Angklung give a spiritual touch to Sundanese people and build their spirit. Angklung is still used until the Dutch era. Considering the big power of Angklung, the Dutch government tried to forbid people played Angklung. And the popularity of the instrument decreased. Until Mr. Daeng Soetigna a Maestro from Bandung West Java expanded the Angklung notations not only to play traditional Salendro and Pelog scales but also diatonic scale in 1938. The first orchestra that is played with Angklung instrument was in the Asian African Conference in Bandung 1955.

Mr. Daeng Soetigna has a student named Mr. Udjo Ngalagena. He is a brilliant musician and I'm so proud of him (Well..we live in the same town actually). Mr. Udjo Ngalagena opened his Saung Angklung Udjo (Udjo House of Angklung) in 1966 and it become a centre of Angklung development. Saung Angklung Udjo is very wellknown among tourists in Bandung, West Java.

If you visit Bandung West Java, you should visit his place. It's a cool and nice place. You may enjoy Angklung and traditional dance performance, learning to play Angklung, and watch the making of Angklung.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Angklung IndonesiaAngklungAngklungAustralian children learn to play Angklung
Angklung Indonesia
Angklung Indonesia
Australian children learn to play Angklung
Australian children learn to play Angklung

Types of Angklung

Type Angklung is very diverse, small Angklung consists of 8 tones with the size of the user's school children to start kindergarten and primary school for children. Angklung  for adults consists of 15 types of tones, 18 tones, 37 tones, 43 funds that have even up to 49 tones.

There is a kind of Angklung instrument that is found in Bali, it calls Gamelan Angklung

How To Make An Angklung

First, you have to shape the Angklung. Each Angklung consists of three parts : The Voice Tube, Frame, and Base. Shaping is the most important step in Angklung making process.

Second, Tuning the voice tubes process.

Last, the finishing process.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • febriedethan profile image

      febriedethan 7 years ago from Indonesia

      Lalala, great!

    • profile image

      lalala 7 years ago

      thanks for your help for my music project

    • febriedethan profile image

      febriedethan 8 years ago from Indonesia

      thelesleyshow and agus, thank's for visiting my hub. Have a great day :)

    • profile image

      agus fanani 8 years ago

      Thanks for sharing. Saung Mang Ujo is the best place for watching angklung concert.

    • thelesleyshow profile image

      TheLesleyShow 8 years ago from US

      Brilliant Hub! Thanks for sharing.

    • febriedethan profile image

      febriedethan 8 years ago from Indonesia

      Yes, their performance is always fantastic, specially the dancing together part. He's a brilliant man.

    • Bbudoyono profile image

      Bbudoyono 8 years ago

      I used to watch angklung performance in USA (Udjo Saung Angklung) some years ago. It was fantastic!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)