ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Supreme Court Case: Brown vs The Board Of Education

Updated on March 10, 2015
Source
Source

Background of Brown vs. Board Of Education

Linda Brown and her sister Terry Lynn were African-American. In the early 1500’s in order to get to their elementary school, they had to walk through a dangerous rail-road yard everyday so they could get to their bus stop. There was a school that was closer to Brown’s house, called The Summer School, but this was an all white student school and when Linda Brown and her sister applied to be admitted to the school, they were denied.

An earlier Supreme Court case: Plessy vs. Ferguson, had established that as long as the facilities were equal, segregation was legal. On this basis, The Summer School had denied Ms. Brown’s application.

However the Brown family did not agree with this law, and argued that the school’s rejection of Ms. Brown’s application violated their rights under the 14th amendment which stated that all people have equal protection under the laws. (Section 1 of the 14th amendment can be viewed below.)

14th Amendment

Section 1.

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Ms. Brown after integration
Ms. Brown after integration | Source

The Case Rises To The Supreme Court

After a federal district court upheld the ruling of Plessy vs. Ferguson, the Brown’s appealed their case to the Supreme Court, aided by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Thurgood Marshall was the attorney who argued the case for the Browns. He would later go on to become a Supreme Court justice. 

The Supreme Court Decision

The Supreme Court combined the cases of Brown and other families from South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware and came to a ruling in 1954.

The Supreme Court ruled unanimously in favor of Brown, declaring that education was “the very foundation of good citizenship,” and “a principal instrument in awakening the child to cultural values”. Access to such education could not be made unless desegregation occurred. They wrote that having a segregated facility would have a negative effect on African-American children and produce “a tendency to retard their educational and mental development and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racially integrated school system.” With that statement they concluded that separate educational facilities were not equal and that separate protection under the laws as guaranteed by the 14th amendment had been unjustly denied.

The Counsel provided to the Brown family by  NAACP
The Counsel provided to the Brown family by NAACP | Source
Political Cartoon
Political Cartoon

The Fight Raged On

After the 9-0 ruling in favor of desegregation by the Supreme Court, some schools were still slow to integrate because they were still prejudiced against African-Americans. The first school to be integrated was the Little Rock High School in Arkansas. President Eisenhower sent in the National Guard to make sure the students were treated properly. The students there became known as the famous "Little Rock Nine". The Supreme Court passed orders further to ensure that integration happened as fast as possible.

Brown vs Board of Education Video

If you found this article useful, please remember to:

  • Vote it UP/USEFUL!
  • Share
  • Leave a comment or question

Thank you!

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Aficionada profile image

      Aficionada 

      7 years ago from Indiana, USA

      Important subject, concise article!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)