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Crowding and Crowd Behavior
Why Would I Write This Stuff For a Sociology Class?
Crowding, due to the growth of population, can indeed have a wide range of negative behavior and negative human effects. For example, crowding in prisons has been accompanied by negative psychological reactions and increased disciplinary problems, assaults, illness complaints, deaths, and suicides. Because of this, prison wardens are affected by it as much as the prisoners themselves because they are exposed to the behavior prisoners may have. Merely being crowded in any setting can have negative effects. In the classroom, the larger the number of students, the more the strain, anxiety, and frustration it creates. Suicides, disciplinary problems, and academic study are affected by this crowding of people. The GPA average is lowered because of large crowding in schools. On college campuses, students that live in dorms with larger corridors tend to do worse in school than those who live in dorms with smaller corridors.
Reactions become negative and students may have elevated absence rates and poorer academic performance.
When there is less crowding in the schools, at home, or at any other social setting, there is a reduction of psychological stress and problems are reduced. In other words, the reductions of crowding have positive effects. The correlation is negative to crowding and effects to crowding. The larger the crowd is in public settings, the more negative effects there are for groups and individuals. The effects may cause groups or individuals to lose their sanity. The smaller the crowd, the more positive effects there are for groups and individuals. Their sanity may not be lost. It still will be there. Otherwise, if the correlation was positive, large crowds could have positive effects on human beings instead of negative. Otherwise, people who are in small crowds or are in no crowds at all, the effects will be negative instead of positive. In society, overcrowding among different groups of people tend to have higher suicide rates, higher crime rates, high death rates, high unemployment, and more disciplinary problems. As industrialization expand and as our population increases, these problems come in hand to this variable. (Journal of Applied Social Psychology)
In Crowd Behavior, there are four different types of crowds; acting, casual, conventional, and expressive. A prime example of casual crowd is a crowd of spectators merely doing anything. A conventional crowd is a type of audience, a theater audience, a radio listening audience, and a TV viewing audience. An expressive crowd is the type of crowd who wants to see a famous person and with reasons why they want to see him. Also, the same goes for an event. They go to see this to express themselves, as for example, the Jimmy Carter lecture at UCA back in 1986. Conventional crowds are also expressive crowds at the same time. An acting crowd is a crowd that wants to bring change such as in many of our social movements around the country and around the world. Political demonstrations are acting crowds influencing or to bring change to people's minds. Boycotts, strikes, and pickets are examples expressing hostile feelings on some issue they disagree with. In other words, they want to right a perceived wrong of some kind.
Crowd behavior in a barroom, especially those bars that are almost full of people who are sometimes called "derelicts," and they tend to be somewhat functionally illiterate or maybe "tuned out." I went to a bar in Little Rock that was called Jim's Bar and Billiards located on 14th and Main Streets. They usually get regular customers all the time at that bar. The place mainly has as customers, old men whether white or black, but most of the time white. Very few women ever go over there and most of them are of the underclass and some of them are hookers. None of them propositioned me, but I did not want to be propositioned because they are not very clean and they were ugly as sin anyway. These old men who go there are retired from work and they cannot afford to live anywhere else but in a poor neighborhood because of the lack of money and/or the lack of education. Social Security often stands for Slow Starvation for many retired people. Some of the customers that frequent this bar are bums who live off of someone else. Some of them who are not as old go are Veterans who go there to play pool or poker and drink a couple of rounds of beer with their money spent with VA assistance. This particular bar is not a redneck bar, though, I have been told that it used to be. A white man who looks to be close to 60 years of age quotes this statement:
"This bar used to be a bar that only Men would go to, to play pool, drink, and f*ck around and it was a tough place to be. Back then, there were no women in this bar, but now there is and you don't f*ckin' mess with them."
This man doesn't really mind the women who come into the bar and drink, but he wanted to remind me what it was like back in the old days. In the bar, I found one exceptional person who goes to the bar regularly. He is an old man, white, and was a retired English professor from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. his name is Rex. He is the man that always sit at the corner of the bar and talks to other people, tells B.S., and fills his beer glass to the last drop. Well, these are the customers I have met in the bar. As a crowd of people in the bar, they are casual as a crowd because they are merely not doing anything. Whether it is the crowd I discussed about in this bar or at the more upscale bar known as Bennigan's, where the crowd is mainly made up of "yuppies" or young urban professionals, beautiful women who are clean and are not hookers, and some college-educated people. This type of crowd is mainly casual. They are merely spectators, with no excitement.
In conclusion, crowding and crowd behavior affects us in our everyday life. People have experienced being in a crowded place, such as grand Central Station. It is a very tense place and problems are created because of overcrowdedness. The behavior of the crowd can range so dramatically from people standing and just looking around to people demonstrating over a particular issue such as nuclear weapons or chemical warfare. People in crowded places is something to observe and it is an interesting experience if a person is sitting in a corner of a bar or restaurant being bored to death. The individual could just simply look around and find all kinds of things happening. Learning about crowds and their behavior is one way you can learn about people and why they act that way. The bars around Little Rock are perfect examples of that where people act in a scene like actors playing roles in a theater.