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Cuba Holiday - Transport Options When in Cuba

Updated on June 8, 2011

A Cuba holiday is like taking a trip back in time. The buildings are breathtakingly beautiful although many are still in ruin and the people are "cool," happy and relaxed.  You feel like you are in an old movie set when on the street looking at transport which ranges from horse and cart to superbly restored old classic cars.

Here are the main transport options for those traveling while on a Cuba holiday along with a few tips:

Cuba by tourist bus:

It is easy to travel around Cuba by tourist bus, particularly between the key cities and towns of interest to travelers. Services operate to Cienfuegos, Pinar del Rio, Vinales, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Trinidad, Varadero, Holguin and Habana.

Essentially there are two operators, Viazul and Transtur. There isn’t much difference in the price or service level. The key difference is that you can arrange for Transtur to pick you up and drop you off at centrally located hotels.

With Viazul you need to get to a bus depot and will be dropped off at the bus stop at your destination.

On first thought you might be tempted to elect to travel with Transtur because of ease of being picked up at your hotel. However, it can be less convenient. Once my bus arrived to pick me up 1 ½ hours after the scheduled pick up time simply because of the number of people they needed to pick up first. It was a very long wait in the searing sun. However, other times this worked for me. I recommend checking the location of the depot to your hotel and then deciding.

If, at the destination, you are the first one or two to be dropped off then that’s a great outcome.

Some buses have toilets and some not. Generally the buses are reliable, comfortable and air conditioned which may or may not work.

Bookings: Infotour sells tickets to many Cuban activities, including bus tickets. They also provide general information to tourists. Many hotels have tour desks and you can book there. You can book at the bus stations. If you are staying in a Casa Particulares (homes of locals) your host will be able to book the bus, particularly if your Spanish is rusty.


Classic car in Habana
Classic car in Habana
Not an uncommon sight!
Not an uncommon sight!


Cuba by train:


Cuba has an extensive track network, however, it is a little antiquated.  You need patience to travel this way though because the trains often run late.  Main routes for travelers are Habana to Santiago de Cuba and Habana to Santa Clara.


Tickets for foreigners must be paid in convertible pesos.  In Habana you can purchase tickets at the station.


Tourist day trips operate to Valle de los Ingenios by train.  This interesting day trip is out of Trinidad and will take you, slowly, to the site of sugar mills.  The area has a chequered history the sugar trade used slaves. 


The steam train is old, the sides of the carriages are open and the seats wooden. 


However, it is a most interesting trip through the countryside to the pretty valley. 

Tickets are available from any one of a number of tourist desks in Trinidad.  Take care you leave plenty of time to get to the station though.  I was told to take a particular road and at the T junction turn right and walk until I saw a pink building.  Perhaps it was lost in translation because I should have turned left and the building was aqua! 


The Hershey electric railway also operates a scenic trip.  Built in 1917 by the Hershey Chocolate Company during the years they operated here.  It runs five times a day between Habana and Mantanzas. 


Tickets are available at the station.


Travel Cuba by Classic car is a must.  A Chevrolet
Travel Cuba by Classic car is a must. A Chevrolet
Horse and cart is a common form of transportation
Horse and cart is a common form of transportation
Blue car in Vinales
Blue car in Vinales

Cuba by Air:

When on your Cuba holiday it is possible to travel by air within the country. The local airline Cubana de Aviacion operates flights between Habana, Baracoa, Bayamo, Camaguey, Cayo Largo del Sur, Ciego de Avila, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de la Juventud, Manzaillo, Moa and Santiago de Cuba.

Tickets are available at many hotel tour desks and at travel agencies. My guide book said that you can’t buy open jaw tickets but as I traveled overland, I am unable to confirm that.

Cuba by rental car:

Rental cars are readily available and many are modern and in good condition.

I recommend that you check the quality of the car when booking or picking it up.

There are many rental agencies such as Cubacar, Havanautos, Micar, and Rex Renta a Car. Some have desks at major hotels and at Terminal 3 Aeropuerto Internacional Jose Marti.

Try to get a map before you leave your country as they are very difficult to find when you are on your Cuba holiday. They are available at the international airport. However, don’t assume that if you are flying into Cuba you will actually land at the international airport though. My flight came from Mexico and for some unknown reason, we landed and were processed through immigration at the domestic airport where there are few facilities (including nowhere to change money and the local currency the CUC is only available once you are in Cuba).

In many places the roads are in poor condition. Locals simply take a wide arc around the big pot holes. There is not much traffic on the roads and so driving conditions are pleasant.

Cuba has the very best innovation regarding utilizing empty seats. People just stand by the road and wait for a ride in a vehicle. Government vehicles must pick people up. Vehicles are identified by a variety of different colored number plates.

Tourist vehicles are exempt from this but most of the tourists I spoke to offered locals a ride. The major benefit of doing that was having an opportunity to interact with locals and a built in GPS! Roads are not always well signposted. Be careful your belongings are secure as two couples I spoke to lost some belongings. Everyone said the experience was enriching and even those who had belongings stolen still picked locals up.

It’s wise to fill the tank up with gas when you see a station because they are intermittent.

Cuba by Classic Car:

An absolute must is a ride in one of the numerous classic cars plying their trade in this fascinating country. Generally they are available for short rides around the key cities and towns.

They have had a rich history these cars. Some even have bullet holes in their doors.

Many of them are kept in immaculate condition. Cubans are masters at keeping these classic vehicles together with whatever tools and ingenuity they have available.

The classic cars come in many different makes and are roomy. The drivers are generally colorful characters too. Ensure you agree the price and what you are getting for that price. Cruising around the city of Habana while on a Cuba holiday is a “must do” activity.

They are available at many different locations. However the main one area for selecting one is in front of Capitolio Nacional (a building similar to the US Capitol Building).

Hop on Hop off Bus:

In Habana, Vinales and Varadero the Hop on Hop Off bus operates to a set route and timetable. They are an easy, cheap (but touristy) way to orientate yourself with the area. Tickets are available on board or at the tourist desks. They are generally reliable and with helpful staff.

Cuba by Horse and Carriage:

In this country the horse and horse and cart are still an extremely common form of transportation for moving goods and locals. They amble genially along the roads.

The horse and carriage is also common mode of transport throughout Cuba. Some have been converted to take tourists. There are many contraptions. In Habana, near the Capitolio Nacional you cannot miss them as they line up, looking very grand, early morning ready for the days trade.

Cuba by Camel

Tourists on a Cuba holiday can join the locals on a bus or cammellos (camels) which are huge two hump buses pulled by trucks. They are in demand and tightly packed.

Of course taxis are also readily available, not expensive and reliable. Some are Lada’s but many are modern vehicles with proud drivers. Agree a price before taking a ride.

A Cuba holiday is sure to imprint rich memories on your heart. Despite their poverty and shortages, the Cubans are generally happy and extremely proud of their country. They want you to be happy too. Like many countries, a smile helps a lot. They have time; lots of time and are relaxed.


All words and photographs are copyright Travelespresso.  Please ask for permission if you wish to use them.


Classic car in Vinales
Classic car in Vinales


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    • PierAllegro profile image

      PierAllegro 6 years ago from Toronto, Canada

      There are two countries that I know of, where I traveled, whose authorities are aware of some problems concerning their customs stamps in passports - Cuba and Israel. They therefore rarely stamp your documents. I met some brave (or crazy) Americans while in Cuba.

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 6 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Thanks for your comment PierAllegro. I'm not an American. I'm unsure of the ramifications of getting my passport stamped but I would surely not be able to get back into America. I really feel for the Cuban people and the embargos etc but the issue is considerably greater than this lone traveler who visits the wonderful island of Cuba.

    • PierAllegro profile image

      PierAllegro 6 years ago from Toronto, Canada

      Great article travelspresso, And Edwin, you can fly to Cuba via Mexico or Canada. Tell your tour agency you do not want your passport stamped. Cubans need your money, they will make sure nobody knows you've been there. This of course has to be OK with your conscience as an American. Have you noticed that David Letterman smokes Cuban Cojibas during his shows; they are illegal in the US.

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 7 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Cuba is an extremely exciting place to visit. I hope that you are able to get there soon now that there is some relaxation in relations between the two countries.

      Thanks for your lovely comment.

    • Edwin Clark profile image

      Edwin Clark 7 years ago from Thailand by way of New York

      Cuba sounds exciting! Too bad my US passport is a problem... reading your hub though was a virtual tour.

    • moncrieff profile image

      moncrieff 7 years ago from New York, NY

      This is very interesting. I especially enjoyed the sight of old cars in Cuba and the steam locomotive. Whenever I'm in a foreign country I try as many means of local transportation as possible (trains, subways, buses, etc.). Cuba is a small island, so I think it'll be genuinely fascinating to travel by car or motorcycle.

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 7 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Although I didn't do any cruising in the waters around Cuba, I imagine it would be a wonderful place to spend time on the yacht. I hope you get there soon JMS - its changing very quickly. Thanks for commenting.

    • James McV Sailor profile image

      James J Mills 7 years ago from Northern California

      Great article. I've talked with several sailing cruisers over the years who made their way to Cuba and enjoyed it very much, as you obviously did. I still hope to sail there myself someday. Best JM

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 7 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Go to Cuba (if you can) before it changes too much. At the moment it gets very few tourists but once its borders are opened up a lot will change. The people in Cuba are extremely friendly despite all their hardships. They are incredibly welcoming. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 7 years ago from United States

      This hub is very thorough and interesting. I think Cuba would be an interesting place to visit as I love the few Caribbean islands I have visited in the past particularly because the people are so much fun to meet.

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 8 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Hi Habee

      Hope you can get to see the beaches - they are picture perfect but several are being spoiled by commercialism. I hear that it might open up for US residents but am not sure what's happening there. Thanks for your comments.

    • habee profile image

      Holle Abee 8 years ago from Georgia

      Wish I could go to Cuba. My Canadian pal loves the island - especially the beaches!

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 8 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Ha! The visas from Lao and Vietnam are my pride and joy - they are SO pretty.

      The camels are amazing. I saw one stop out in the country and all these people racing down the road to try to get on it. Gosh they have some patience. Only half of about the 40 or so people waiting managed to get on. Thanks for your comments.

    • dohn121 profile image

      dohn121 8 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

      I had no idea what a "camel" was until you pointed it out! Yes, I've seen them before on specials and movies on TV but had no idea what they were called until now...I'd love to see your passport one day! Thanks as always!

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 8 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Yes, it is most interesting. I enjoy traveling around by land (if its not too big) because you see so much more and meet more people. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Laura du Toit profile image

      Laura du Toit 8 years ago from South Africa

      Great and informative hub. Could prove to be very interesting and entertaining using different modes of transport when on vacation

    • travelespresso profile image

      travelespresso 8 years ago from Somewhere in this exciting world.

      Thank you for your thoughts Princessa. The Cubans are so very warm and welcoming and its a delight to have such reminders.

    • Princessa profile image

      Wendy Iturrizaga 8 years ago from France

      Very complete account. Personally I do prefer to go around in taxis, not only they are very cheap to hire for a day but I have made many friends this way. It is not rare that the taxi driver takes you to see his family and friends and you end up having dinner with a whole new lot of new friends who are warm and welcoming.