ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Data Suggests Vote-Counting Machines Hacked Against Bernie Sanders in 2016 New Hampshire Primary

Updated on January 22, 2020

(Update: NH state law allows any candidate who has received at least 9% of the presidential primary vote to request a recount, presumably by hand. The law reads: "Any person receiving at least 9 percent of the votes cast in any party's presidential primary may apply for a recount. The application shall be made in writing to the secretary of state and shall be submitted no later than the Friday after the primary for a recount of all ballots cast for such nomination.")

An analysis of Bernie Sanders' performance in his 2016 win in the New Hampshire Democratic Primary suggests that vote-counting machines were hacked in Hillary Clinton's favor.

A similar discrepancy appeared in neighboring Massachusetts that same year, where the vast majority of optical scanner vote counting machines are of the same model, the Accuvote OS made by Premier Election Solutions, formerly Diebold. One vendor LHS Associates, of Methuen, Massachusetts, programs and maintains the machines throughout New England, where they are widely in use.

In the Massachusetts Democratic primary in 2016, Hillary Clinton won by less than 2% of the vote in precincts where the paper ballots were counted by machine, but lost by nearly 18% in precincts where the ballots were hand-counted. As in New Hampshire, the enormous discrepancy has never been explained. Small discrepancies might be expected as simply a matter of random chance.

Although Sanders turned in a solid 60% to 38% win against Clinton in New Hampshire in 2016. But when the districts are isolated where the ballots were hand-counted, presumably more rural, conservative precincts, Sanders won by 10 points more than in machine counted districts, or a 20 point super-landslide.

There seems to be no compelling demographic explanation for the difference in the final results. In fact if NH cities like Keene and Manchester are viewed as more liberal, the results would have been expected to be the reverse.

The breakdown is as follows.

____________________Sanders Clinton

Hand-counted precincts_____69% 31%

Machine-counted precincts__ 60% 40%

The raw data for the calculations was obtained from the NH Secretary of State elections division website.

The calculations can be duplicated through use of information compiled at VerifiedVoting.org.

Election activists have long called for a nationwide standard of hand-marked ballots, either counted by hand or by an optical scanner machine which takes a digital image of each ballot, which can then be posted online for the public to verify the count

Although some have called a system of counting paper ballots by hand impractical, until fairly recently Los Angeles County did so, with no ill effects or confusion.

The Premier (formerly Diebold) AccuVote OS was the subject of a famous hacking demonstration in the 2006 documentary Hacking Democracy. Although election departments insist that vote-counting machines cannot be hacked if they are not "connected to the Internet," a computer expert in that documentary demonstrated how with a few minutes access to any machine, the result of an election can be falsified.

Moreover, the AccuVote OS is built with an onboard modem which can then connect through a landline to a central tabulator. Many landlines are now digital and at some point feed into the telecommunication's company's Internet equipment.

Premier/Diebold AccuVote OS Vote Hacking Demonstration

Another defense of vote-counting systems which are not connected to the Internet is that it would require hundreds of hackers in different precincts to hack results on stand-alone machines. But in fact only the largest precincts and municipal districts with the most voters need be targeted to substantially affect the outcome of an election.

In 2016 New Hampshire state officials reprimanded a town clerk for auditing the results of a September 2016 local primary, conducted on AccuVote OS vote-counting machines. The state said she had no authority to do so, even though her town charter made her responsible for the accuracy of the results.

According to VerifiedVoting.org, the towns in NH in which ballots and votes are counted by hand are:

Albany
Bartlett
Brookfield
Chatham
Eaton
Effingham
Freedom
Hale's Location
Hart's Location
Jackson
Sandwich
Tuftonboro
Alstead
Chesterfield
Dublin
Gilsum
Harrisville
Hinsdale
Marlborough
Marlow
Nelson
Richmond
Roxbury
Sullivan
Surry
Troy
Westmoreland
Clarksville
Colebrook
Columbia
Dalton
Dixville
Dummer
Errol
Jefferson
Lancaster
Millsfield
Northumberland
Pittsburg
Randolph
Shelburne
Stark
Stewartstown
Stratford
Wentworth's Location
Whitefield
Alexandria
Bath
Benton
Bethlehem
Bridgewater
Dorchester
Easton
Ellsworth
Franconia
Groton
Haverhill
Hebron
Holderness
Landaff
Lisbon
Lyman
Lyme
Monroe
Orange
Orford
Piermont
Rumney
Sugar Hill
Warren
Waterville Valley
Wentworth
Bennington
Deering
Francestown
Greenfield
Greenville
Hancock
Lyndeborough
Mason
Mont Vernon
Sharon
Temple
Wilton
Windsor
Andover
Chichester
Danbury
Dunbarton
Hill
Northfield
Salisbury
Sutton
Warner
Webster
Wilmot
New Castle
Newington
South Hampton
Madbury
Acworth
Cornish
Croydon
Goshen
Langdon
Lempster
Plainfield
Springfield
Unity
Washington

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)