ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Decreasing Tobacco Use in Youth

Updated on September 29, 2014

Current Policies / Support to Decrease Tobacco Use in Youth

Steps to reduce tobacco use in youth have been presented at the local, national, and state level. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2012) mentions that mass-media campaigns, school-based programs, tobacco-free campuses, tobacco reduction advertising, and increased taxing and costs of tobacco products have all been combined to impact the initiative. Putting these policies into action at all levels is making a difference toward the tobacco epidemic. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2012) describes over 45 years of evidence has shown that programs, increased pricing, policies, controlling access, reducing promotion, smoking bans, and implementing campaigns have reduced the toll tobacco takes on families and communities.

Stop Youth Tobacco Use

Preventing Youth from Making the Choice to Smoke

Primary prevention efforts are key to preventing the choice to smoke. The CDC (2012) mentions that over 80% of adult smokers begin before the age of 18 and every day 3800 adolescents smoke their first cigarette. Preventing these adolescents from ever starting tobacco use could further decrease this statistic.

Using health belief model, young people would need to be motivated to take action through education from many perspectives. Glanz, Rimer, and Viswanath (2008) describe constructs of the model; here, it is presented relating constructs to tobacco prevention in young adults:

  • Perceived susceptibility of getting cancer

  • Perceived threat of death

  • Perceived benefit of never smoking

  • Perceived barriers to making the healthy choice to not use tobacco

  • Cues to action such as negative portrayal of smoking in the media

  • Self-efficacy required to remain tobacco free

Promoting Cessation of Tobacco Use among Young Smokers

Young smokers can be challenged with barriers to promote cessation. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2012) proposes community interventions such as increasing the unit price of tobacco products, mobilizing community support to reduce access, and reducing financial barriers for cessation therapies. Locally, the community collaborates with law enforcement to do sting operations aimed at assessing underage tobacco sales. Those that break the law are fined to further decrease the incidence of young people accessing tobacco.

Youth Smoking Prevention

A Message from the Surgeon General

Peers Must Lead Peers

Empowering adolescents to lead their peers in changing the social perception behind tobacco use is an effective method to impact prevention of the epidemic. This method of intervention has been used for other public health problems facing this target population. Wyman et al. (2010) trained suicide prevention to peer leaders from diverse social cliques so they could conduct school wide messaging to change the norms and behaviors of their peers through activities with adult mentoring. The study improved peer leaders’ adaptive norms regarding suicide, connectedness to adults, and school engagement (Wyman et al., 2010). The intervention also increased perceptions of adult support for suicidal youths and acceptability of seeking help for all students (Wyman et al., 2010). Peer pressure produced positive outcomes for this measure.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2012) mentions that when smoking is portrayed as a social norm among cool, sophisticated, or rebellious teens, they often respond by copying their behaviors. Teens are susceptible to social influences and value their friendships, wanting to fit in with their group. A world is needed where smoking is the exception, not the norm. The CDC (2012) states “as a society, we can no longer allow our young people’s health to go up in smoke” (p. 16). Continued emphasis on peer programs must be supported to successfully embrace this vision.

Where to Focus More Effort

Efforts should continue at the primary prevention level, attempting to change social norms of tobacco use. The CDC (2012) mentions that the perception that tobacco use is the norm is associated with youth tobacco use. Glanz et al. (2008) describe the subjective norm as a concept of the theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior. The author states that a person’s subjective norm will be negative if they believe that important referent individuals think they should not perform the behavior. Continued negative emphasis on tobacco use will assist with this measure.

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Youth and tobacco use. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/youth_data/tobacco_use/index.htm

Glanz, K., Rimer, B. K., & Viswanath, K. (2008). Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012). Tobacco use. Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=41

Wyman, P., Hendricks, B., LoMurray, M., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Petrova, M., Yu, Q., Walsh, E., Xin, T., & Wang, W. (2010). An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools. American Journal of Public Health 100(9), 1653-1661.

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • kenneth avery profile image

    Kenneth Avery 

    4 years ago from Hamilton, Alabama

    Kara,

    Way to go! Terrific hub.

    I will tell you the truth. I really love this hub. And here are the reasons why:

    1. This is an excellent piece of writing. Simply amazing.

    2, I loved the way you worded this hub.

    3. Graphics, superb.

    4. This hub was helpful, informative and very interesting.

    5. Voted Up and all of the choices--but funny.

    6. I loved your topic.

    You are certainly a gifted writer. Please keep up the fine work.

    Sincerely,

    Kenneth Avery, Hamilton, Alabama

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)