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Demand For Independent Sindhudesh

Updated on October 21, 2017

Demand for Independent Sindhudesh

Emergence of Sindh Nationalism

Sindh is one of the four states of Pakistan. In terms of population, Sindh is the second largest province of Pakistan. Most importantly, it is regarded as the economic and cultural hub of Pakistan. Pakistan’s financial capital Karachi falls in this state. Sindh people even after 70 years of independence are being denied their legitimate rights by majority Punjabis of Pak. Sindh people are being deprived of their rights in various ways. Even Sindh people are not allowed to govern themselves and being dominated by Punjanbis in various governmental and public institutions. Decades of oppression and suppression of Sindh people by fascist Pakistan state has led to the demand for independent Sindhudesh.

Emergence of Movement for Separate Sindhudesh

“Sindhudesh” means a Sindhi country. This concept was floated by some Sindhi nationalists in Pakistan for the creation of separate Sindhi country or it will have the status of an autonomous region. This concept was conceived by G. M. Syed, a senior political leader from Sindh. Independent Sindhudesh movement started in 1967 under the leadership of Syed and Pir Ali Mohammed Rashdi, opposing the One Unit Policy, Imposition of Urdu as the only official language and for the presence of huge number of Mohajirs, the people migrated from India to Pak during partition. In 1972 general election, Syed’s political outfit formally 'Jeeay Sindh' demanded separation from Pak.

Formation of JSMM

The Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM) was founded in 26 November 2000 by some veteran Sindhi nationalists after splitting of JSQM demanding full independence for Sindh people from Pak Union. Currently, it is run by its Chairman, founder and party Chief Shafi Muhammad Burfat who is living in exile in Germany under political asylum. JSMM regards and draws inspiration from the founder of Sindhi nationalism and the chief architect of separate Sindhudesh G.M. Syed. JSMM calls for total independence of Sindh and rejects any political form of negotiation with Pak establishment.

Struggle for Independent Sindhudesh and Opposition to CPEC

Terrorist state of Pak and its Activities

Since the formation of Pakistan in 1947, the healthy democratic and political seed has failed to germinate. In 70 years of independence, Pak has mostly been governed by Pak military or had to remain under Marshall Law. Today, Pak military is still regarded as the most powerful and stable institution in the country. During cold war in 1970s, Pakistan’s fate took a U-turn when it emerged as the major frontline ally of USA to oust USSR forces from Afghanistan. Pak establishment, especially Pak army got huge funding from USA to create and train radical Islamic groups to fight Soviet forces in Afghanistan. In this process, Pak establishment started demolishing political institutions, organizations and voices within the country. The separatist voices like Jeay Sindh and MQM, led by Altaf Hussein were the forefront of the repression by Pak government. They have lost thousands of their cadres and innocent Sindh nationalists.

Pak army and establishment’s regular proximity to most dreaded terror outfits of the world such as Taliban and Al-Qaeda is well-known. Entire world was witnessed to the double-game played by Pak government when entire world was busy in fighting war against terror, particularly Islamic terrorism. Al-Qaeda Chief Osama Bin Laden and Taliban Chief Mullah Omar both were killed inside the territory of Pakistan. In fact Osama bin Laden was killed just 1000 yards away from one of the most popular army training schools of Pak military in Abottabad, northern Pak. That is the clear indication that Pakistan army and the establishment work closely with these organizations. Recent warning and condemnation US President Donald Trump on Pakistan for not taking action against dreaded terror outfits like Haqqani network inside its territory was the reflection of that.

For last 7 decades or so, Pak establishment have crossed secular nationalist movements Sindhi, Baloch, Pashtun, and Siraiki through fraud, deception, torture and abductions. Pak intelligence agency ISI has been forefront in these acts. The media is also not free in Pak and biased. These incidents of torture and enforced disappearances don’t get reported in press. Biased Pak media try to show secular Sindh nationalist leaders and workers as extremists and terrorists who are demanding their legitimate rights through peaceful movements.

Pakistan's Home Ministry officially holds that JSMM is a terrorist organization and has banned all its activities and freedom of speech. JSMM declares for independence from Pak and rejects any political negotiation with Pak government. It protests and marches against the Punjabi domination over the day-to-day affairs of the Sindh people and rejects the rights of Pak state on Sindh’s mineral and natural resources. It is dead against religious intolerance and violence against religious minorities which has been unleashed by Islamic fundamentalist organizations with active support of Pak establishment. JSMM is marching against CPEC, the mega city projects and migration non-sindhi to Sindh.

Protest for Independent Sindhudesh

Resurgence of JSMM and Opposition to CPEC

After the death of former PM Benazir Bhutto, once again Sindh nationalist movement seems to be taking the centre stage, led by Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM) and World Sindhi Congress who have taken their fight to the international forum. If World Sindhi Congress Chairman Lakhu Luhana is to be believed, the current resurgence is due to the great deal resentment of the Sindhi people against Pak state for systematic demographic re-engineering by promoting large scale migration of Punjabis to Sindh, so that Sindh people would turn minority in their own homeland. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is becoming the biggest step in that process.

CPEC is a $5 billion infrastructure project which runs from Balochistan to Xinjiang in China. JSMM chief Shafi Muhammad Burfat says that CPEC will increase tensions between India, Pakistan and China and will break stability in the region. He is also of the view that this massive project has no bearing on the welfare of the locals and only serves the purpose of migration of non-Sindhis to the area. Today, Pak has gone in an oppressive mood of silencing everyone through oppression, abductions, enforced disappearances and extra-judicial killings whoever protests against CPEC. If things like this by Punjabi dominated Pak establishment, it will culminate in a situation similar to what happened with East Pakistan in 1971.

© 2017 Suryodaya Rajaguru

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