ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Democrats Vs. Republicans and Differing Viewpoints

Updated on January 3, 2014

Education

The Democrats continue to support the Head Start Program, and assist states with funding for education. President Obama enacted the Recovery Act, which offered money to help public schools, special education, teachers, and college students. Republicans would rather give block grants to states so that local administrations can make choices for their school systems. Additionally, they would like to implement programs that focus on post-secondary schools. Ideally, these programs would fund technical schools, community colleges, and work-based learning, in order to better connect education to job opportunities. Democrats support federal funding for student loans, while Republicans disagree.

War in Afghanistan

Obama’s efforts to phase out military forces from Afghanistan have been supported by the Democratic party. They state that Afghanistan’s needs have been met, and it is now time to gradually withdraw the troops. Republicans disagree, stating that President Obama is not following the advice of the nation’s top military commanders. They argue that the war on terror should include a continuous military presence in Afghanistan. Also, they believe that the country is unable to control terrorism.

Iraq, Terrorism, and Military Spending

Republicans strongly oppose the Democratic plan for the reduction of defense spending, calling it disastrous. In his article on foreign policies, Laurenti explains that Republicans argue that "only our capability to wield overwhelming military power can truly deter the enemies of the United States." The Iraqi government has received international support, and their security forces are cooperating with the US military. Republicans enforce the war on terrorism, while President Obama is trying to redirect defensive funding back into the US economy.

Crime

The Republican viewpoint on federal criminal law is that it should only focus on federal employees or crimes committed on federal property. Democrats support an act that was passed in 1994, which established The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. The COPS resulted from a provision in the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, which provides funding for state law enforcement. The Democrats also stand by the Violence Against Women Act, which was debated earlier this year. Republicans disagreed with additions to the Act which intend to protect same sex couples and illegal immigrants. The Republican stance on punishment for crimes is strict, including mandatory prison time for assaulting a police officer, gang crimes, rape, and murder. They also feel that offenders of these crimes do not deserve parole, but Democrats would rather encourage rehabilitation and prison-to-work programs.

Environment

Republicans would like to make changes to environmental spending, many of which involve searching for natural gas and oil. They would like to explore the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and utilize federal land for harvesting. Democrats believe that these national landscapes are irreplaceable, and they intend to protect them. Both parties place importance on climate change, and agree that pollution needs to be reduced.

Economy

In order to achieve economic prosperity, the Republicans want to raise employment rates and create jobs through free market policies. They want to discourage companies from moving production overseas, and support Obama’s Export Council, so that profits earned and taxed abroad may be collected for job-creating investment here at home. Democrats stand by the American Jobs Act, supporting unemployed, educators, and auto workers with more job opportunities.

Taxes

Republicans intend to reform tax codes for small businesses, and carry on Bush’s 2001 and 2003 tax relief program. This would prevent taxes from rising on income, dividends and capital gains. Republicans would also immediately reduce federal spending, in order to prepare for future fiscal control. Mr. Obama’s goal is to reduce spending by $4 trillion over the next decade, and to increase taxes on America’s wealthy. His plan would increase manufacturing jobs, and reduce the national deficit.

Energy

President Obama’s plan for energy would focus on reducing oil imports, and generating 80 percent of our energy use by clean energy sources by 2035. The use of natural gas will be promoted, cut tax incentives for Big Oil, and promote and protect workers in the clean energy fields. Instead of offering incentives for companies to lower their pollution rates, Republicans would be placed a cap on these amounts. Although both parties would like to continue developing the Keystone Pipeline System, they are currently debating its environmental impact on sensitive ecosystems.

Immigration

Reform of immigration policies is more important than ever, and both parties must come to an agreement because they have differing views on their rights. Too many people are undocumented, and Obama would like to encourage them to learn English, pay taxes and achieve legal citizenship. Republicans have a stricter plan for immigrants, with programs intended to verify workers’ status, and they oppose amnesty. Unfinished border fencing must be complete, say Republicans and federal funding would be cut to any university that provides in-state tuition rates to illegal immigrants.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • JON EWALL profile image

      JON EWALL 

      4 years ago from usa

      Jennifer Reeves

      Avery interesting hub on the differences in both parties. Surprisingly you did not write about healthcare, Obamacare.I am curious as to some of your resources in comparing the actions of either.

      The ideology of each either Republican(conservative ) or Democrat (liberal )can in some instances be far apart .Since 200 to the present , the Democrats have had 2/3s majority control of our government.

      Have a great day and I will look forward to commenting in the future

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)