ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Emotions and Emotionalism

Updated on January 30, 2016
vrdm profile image

Born without a clue. A lifetime later, situation largely unchanged. Nevertheless, one perseveres.....

....not wishing to give up their trappings easily, fought back with Inquisitions, mass murder, torture, and public burnings of humans.

In his work throughout the 1960's and 70's, anthropologist and psychiatrist Paul Ekman proposed that there were six facial expressions readily recognised fairly consistently across all human cultures. (Emotion in the Human Face, ed. Paul Ekman, 1982.) He listed these as:

  1. Happiness
  2. Sadness
  3. Disgust
  4. Surprise
  5. Anger
  6. Fear

This proposition was based upon scientific (well, anthropological) research into cross-cultural/cross-lingual familiarity with human facial expressions in a wide variety of settings.

Of the entire range (infinite when you think about it) of possible human facial expressions, only these 6 were considered to be truly, instantly recognisable by any human in any culture in either hemisphere.

Based on these findings, we ( have hypothesised that there are essentially only 6 universal elemental human emotions. And we reckon that the findings generate the knock on conclusion that all other facial expressions and associated emotions are derived from these 6 elemental emotions. That is to say: all non-elemental emotions are combinations, in varying ratios, of two or more elemental emotions - in much the same way as all colours are derived from a few primes.

For example, some might be tempted to ask where is Love in all this, but we reckon Love may simply be a mix of Happiness and Surprise with tinges of Sadness thrown in. (To quote Tina Turner, “What's love got to do, got to do, got to do with it? What's love but a second hand emotion?”)

Emotions can be very powerful determining factors in human affairs. From, roughly, the time we first stood up on our hind legs to the advent of language and then the written word, emotion (and its sister “intuition”) had the field pretty much to themselves.

However, with the advent of language and, more notably, the written word, emotion has lost much ground to “linear logic” in the form of lines of text flowing indisputably from one side of a page to the other and gradually filling up and filtering down towards the bottom of such pages. The written word allowed and encouraged the writing of “laws” and the establishment of complex contracts which became themselves elements of disembodied certainty over which there could be no doubt.

Our lives became governed by documents and treatises (including religious ones) and by the specialists who offered to interpret these for us - initially Priests (who were the only ones who could read) but more contemporaneously, Lawyers and Judges. In battles to determine “right” and “wrong” and to allocate blame, these people charge large amounts of money for more meticulous interpretation of these documents and treatises.

Many now believe that this literal Legalese has gone too far, serves only the rich, and is actually used to mystify the concept and process of “justice” rather than to get at any “truth”. Whereas it used to be said that Emotions often over ride logic and research and intelligent discourse and other less volatile factors, it is now often said that Legalese itself more often than not overrides these same factors.

In these left brain driven times, there is currently, among the social networking classes, a back lash which celebrates "intuition", "feelings", and, of course, sensitivity to emotions. We ( reckon that, in itself, this is not necessarily a bad thing, but we voice a note of caution.

This note of caution arises as we recall the black hole out of which we Europeans were eventually fortunate enough to climb. As we squirmed under the crushing weight of a “christian” hegemony gone mad – a system of insubstantiable belief-statements based largely on superstition, hysteria, and the urge of the few to control the many – the Renaissance brought news of other possibilities. Mathematics and libraries and logic and critical thinking began slowly to seep in from what was then the largely arab/muslim world to the south and east. These mischievous and subversive concepts began to undermine the belief-statements of the christian rulers who, not wishing to give up their trappings easily, fought back with Inquisitions, mass murder, torture, and public burnings of humans.

However, this note of caution aside, and assuming that belief-statements and superstition do not again become the ruling force, we welcome the re-advent of intuition and the subjective interpretation of events.

© 2013 Deacon Martin


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)