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How Indian agriculture can solve unemployment in India?

Updated on February 2, 2009

Unemployment problem can be solved in India by initiating corporate agriculture system, improving marketing system, providing social security to farmers, subsid

Indian agriculture is a field, which can solve future unemployment situation in India, but this is the most neglected field by politicians and government officials.

Now, I will list down a few bullet points how this can be done.

Introducing corporate agriculture system

The Soviet method of agriculture may not fit. The possible solution could be corporate agriculture where corporate companies will invest their money and technology in agriculture and share the profits with farmers. The most important thing, which can improve agricultural scene in India, is water. For this, we need to build big dams.

Agriculture in India needs more support from industries. Food processing is one. In India, only 2% of the agricultural output is processed. In developed countries, it is as high as 80%. This will give better returns to the farmers from their crops and can also eliminate middlemen since the industries will buy directly from farmers. Also, the government must invest in irrigation, technology, and more efficient, reliable and cost effective credit system.

Improving marketing system and providing social security

The marketing system should also be improved. Social security will have to be brought in for every person in India. That will at least mean that people would not have to live in acute poverty when their crop fails or they lose their job. But at the same time, it should be realized that bulk employment will be generated by the services and manufacturing sectors.

We can also help farmers in places where traditional crops have been a failure due to water scarcity, by helping them plant crops like Jatropha, which needs only a little amount of water, and also would directly help the corporate world as it helps in the production of biofuel.

Subsidizing farmers and implementing crop insurance system

Other suggestion would be complete crop insurance and subsidizing the farmer rather than the consumer. The government must subsidize the farmers heavily, so that they are able to reduce the price of the food and it is available in the market at a cheap price rather than procuring from the farmers and selling it cheap to the public.

Government needs to subsidize more initially. Better irrigation system needs to be laid out. We are good in terms of production but if an efficient system is laid out, it would be much better. Irrigation is the key. We have the natural resources, so we just need to utilize them better. For example: In Gujarat, after the Sardar Sarovar Dam project is complete, it would not only provide drinking water to the Saurashtra/Kutch region but also possibilities of better agricultural produce in the not-so fertile land in this region. So there has to be an increased effort on the part of the government in laying out a better infrastructure for agriculture.

Increasing storage facilities

Government should also provide more storage facilities for the crop produced, as Indian granaries are overflowing and rotting while people who cannot afford the food are dying of hunger. We need to figure out a system through which we can store food better and process it better.

Why farmers are committing suicides?

Most farmers who commit suicides make poor choices of crops and grow high-risk crops like cotton, tobacco etc. Water shortages and pests can devastate these crops much more easily than others. The government can do a lot about this (and to my knowledge is working towards it). They should use our research and extension facilities and provide advice to the farmers as to what to plant and what not to. Additionally, lot of emphasis should be placed on research to diversify the crops that can be grown. Fruit crops, some grain crops, legumes need less water and reasonably less resources. Educating the farmers about these "non-traditional" choices and opportunities is really important.

Tightening of agricultural credit system

The agricultural credit system should be tightened so that farmers get credit only when they make informed decisions. In this way, farmers will not be in heavy debt and will not be forced to kill themselves.

I think if these steps are introduced in an effective manner in the agricultural system, then agriculture business in India can provide employment to millions of people in the rural and urban parts of the country, as the people who have come to the urban areas to gain employment in other fields will return to their villages and will do hard work in agriculture business which is their basic living in their area.

I invite everyone from not only the Indian community but also the global Internet community to share their inputs in this matter of concern.


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    • profile image

      siku 6 years ago

      no comments



    • profile image

      niharikas 6 years ago

      hey i am planning out one big business plan on agriculture so i just want to know that how and in which way farmers sell there crops ??? i mean is government is fully involved in the selling and purchase of crops??

    • profile image

      jay k gadade 6 years ago

      its useful to analyse farmers difficulties in real india farmers now switching over to real estate business by selling their precious land for making large profit in quick time without any will create scarcity of food in future so we have to educate them not to look for luxury life. so i hope this article may bring changes in the behaviour of farmers.

    • N.E. Wright profile image

      N.E. Wright 6 years ago from Bronx, NY

      Wow, I did not know about farmers committing suicides. That is one of the saddest things I have learned from this article.

      This article is mind opening, and I wish I had some knowledge on how your country could be helped. I can share this article on my Facebook page, -- as I already had -- and hope that there is someone who can give you advice ....

      Thanks for sharing this very important piece.

      Take Care,


    • profile image

      eastwest10 7 years ago

      Hi guys,

      I agree with Mr. Jyoti here, i believe we need to start from ground up. We should educated the farmers first, giving them options of other potential commodities. I mean, some farmers just do not have enough resources!! I think if we start educating the farmers and the workers it would be a great investment for the future.

      My father always complains that the workers are lazy and do not put their hundred percent. I mean if we bring in commercial equipments and such to harvest and irrigate and such, the workers would definitely not have a job. I believe we also need to educated them as well. Open their horizon to the pot of gold they have.

      I would like to see agriculture operating as corporation simply because it gives better systematic production of food. there is extensive research going on in biotechnology in the agriculture field which would be of a great help!

      I also think we should promote corporate agri simply because more and more industrialization is taking over the planet earth!! i mean the available land to produce food has decreased dramatically in the past couple of decades and it continues to do so.


    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 7 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Yes I understand illiteracy of Indian farmers is a big social and political issue. I need to amend my article. Thanks for the rating though.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Soni,

      Thanks for sharing the report. However, there are inherent problem in implementing some of the suggestions.

      Large numbers of farmers are still illiterate and economically deprived. Corporate conglomerates may deprive them of their own land.

      This is a big social and political issue in India.

      Rated up!

      Jyoti Kothari

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you so much multifunctions for your understanding and thoughts.

    • multifunctions profile image

      Sanjay Sapre 8 years ago from India

      very good page i perfectly agree with you.

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      and then invest that money earned from job into agriculture business.

    • profile image

      sushant gade 8 years ago

      create lot of money with job

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Indian agriculture is structural and not seasonal. It is done all year round elizabeth.

    • profile image

      brighty elizabeth 8 years ago

      is indian agricultur is Structural / frictional / Seasonal / distinguised

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks for your input Mr. Pasricha.

    • profile image

      vikas pasricha 8 years ago

      ya'it;s true that farmers lyf has become dull as there is no work so,farmers hav tu use latest equipments tu save the lyf of millions of people.

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      But Deepak I think government has taken a big decision a year back for farmers subsidizing them but I have heard about the farmers that they spent the money in buying different things instead of saving or investing that money for their agriculture needs.

    • profile image

      Deepak  8 years ago

      In south Asia i don't know why the government not take initation in sector of Agriculture thats why framers comited sucide.

    • profile image

      sam 8 years ago

      agriculture has given employment to many poor people.

      bcoz of them we r ALIVE .so we should be thankful to


    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 9 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Karthiravan I think you were unable to write something using this comment section. Please let me know if you have any problems and I will help you out

    • profile image

      Kathiravan 9 years ago

      Hi,i am

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 9 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Yes quicksand, you are right. I have also heard of farmers committing suicide in India and in other developing countries too as they engage in low-quality high-risk crops leading to failure when they are going to sell this in the marketplace. Chinese products are of low quality because of their low price too, but low income and middle income group people are buying these products which are available in the Indian market. It is no surprise that a Chinese factory owner would have done suicide as it might be possible that he had invested all his money in manufacturing those products and somehow due to the substandard quality all of those products would have been recalled from the market making him bankrupt leading him towards suicidal ideations and finally committing suicide.

    • quicksand profile image

      quicksand 9 years ago

      I have heard of farmers committing suicide. I believe it is rather common in some parts of Asia.

      Recently I was told of an instance when a Chinese factory owner committed suicide because a large quantity of his products were returned as they were found to be sub-standard quality-wise.