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Citizenship: How you become an Australian Citizen.

Updated on March 29, 2014

Just like America, getting into Australia is the hard part. You need to enter with a valid travel-ticket and Visa. It also helps if you can speak Oztra-lien(pronunciation-spelling intended)..can shear sheep, and have a dry cutting sense of humour helps also...

To stay longer than a visit, as either a Student, or as a Tourist, requires a Valid Visa which will have an Expiry date. If you intend to stay longer that is stated on your Visa you need to apply for a new Visa before the Visa expires. I repeat this should not be left until your current Visa expires. If you do not do so you risk mandatory detention and possible deportation. Not a pleasant experience.

You automatically qualify for Citizenship if your the son or daughter of an Australian citizen. Alternatively you can marry an Australian citizen. You can be the son or daughter of a person who has married an Australian. Currently I am an Australian Citizen, even though I was born in the United Kingdom. I migrated here in 1975 under the then 'Migrant Assistant Passage Scheme' (this scheme no longer exists) I applied and became an Australian citizen in 1987 12 years later. My sister now wants to move here she has to apply and is applying in two ways whether as a 'sole surviving relative' or as a normal applicant in which she is assessed on a merit system. I came here on the Migrant Assisted Passage Scheme which gave me assisted resettlement in Australia. This scheme was closed in 1975.

As I said if you marry an Australian, this entitles you to Australian Citizenship. That is only if the person you marry is an Australian, with Australian Citizenship.

You can visit the Government official website to gain more information about the process. A Migration Agent would assist you greatly in this process.

Alternatively you can apply to migrate to Australia. This works on a points merit system. Ideally you have skills which Australia is in need of. Certain professions which are in short supply offer preferential treatment. You would need to look at the website to see what the current professions which are in high demand for which their is a shortage of skilled workers. The website to check this is the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs Citizenship Section. Here the system of applying is explained to you. It naturally helps if your of good character & health have a relative here have a recognised skill which is in short supply. A couple of hundred thousand people migrate here each year so there is a good chance that you will qualify if you tick most of the boxes and these are verified as correct.

Another way you can apply is through the refugee protection programme. In this section you would need to prove that you were in imminent threat of political persecution which would endanger your life. A few thousand refugees arrive by boat each year for nations such as Sri Lanka Iraq & Afghanistan. This process is very hard and is subject to mandatory detention in remote and difficult detention camps. It can take considerable time for the Refugee Review Tribunal to assess your cases. There have been cases where this process has taken years. Unless you come from a war torn area and or can prove you are the subject of political persecution.

Another Migrant category is a business Visa. You must provide details of an established business medium size that you have together with the assets that you would transfer and operate in Australia. The government would upon your consent do a security and medical check. you would need to be of good character also. Not convicted or serious indictable offences with a penalty of three years or more. This is a popular method of entering the country and migrating here. Once you are here their are many government departments and private business associations to help you succeed in a business here. Again a Migration Agent would be very helpful to assist you in this process.


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    • profile image

      Poppy Rose 

      4 years ago

      I am a UK citizen living with a mental health issue... Namely Bi Polar. Would I get rejected by trying to resettle in oz?

      Currently in the UK I have no family support network, but I have cousins that are oz nationals willing to support me

      Any replys welcome... Thanks

    • Vicky Tuts profile image

      Nuien Wainwright-Harrower 

      4 years ago from Malaysia

      The automatic citizenship qualification for children if one of the parents are Australian (I assume that they didn't become an Australian as soon as they were born?) is waaaay better. My daughter is a south east Borneon-Scottish but UK is just difficult

    • barryrutherford profile imageAUTHOR

      Barry Rutherford 

      4 years ago from Queensland Australia

      thanks i aim to improve the hud when i get time thanks for your comment

    • cecileportilla profile image

      Cecile Portilla 

      4 years ago from West Orange, New Jersey

      I read your profile barryrutherford. This is very informative Hub. Australia sound like a great place to visit or live. You are right. Getting into Australia sounds just as difficult as getting into the US. I filed for my sister over 10 years ago and she still has not been cleared although we received an approval letter. Looking forward to reading more of your hubs!

    • MartieCoetser profile image

      Martie Coetser 

      4 years ago from South Africa

      Contemplating all the options, I am compelled to ask for 3 husbands and 2 wives, willing to divorce as soon as we have found our feet :)

      On the other hand, contemplating a plane's recent crash into the Indian Ocean, I think we should rather stay right here in South Africa :)

      Australia is a beautiful country (according to all the pictures online). I also believe you are of the happiest citizens in the world.

    • barryrutherford profile imageAUTHOR

      Barry Rutherford 

      7 years ago from Queensland Australia

      not sure will hae to get back to you. Generally if you marry thats it !

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      if you are a new zealand citizen and marry an australian do you automatically recieve citizenship, if not how long do you have to wait till you can get it after marrying

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Great hub. I have always wanted to work in Australia but in my country, it is very hard to apply for a working visa. You gave a detailed overview of becoming an Australian citizen, I'm sure many people will benefit from this hub.

    • barryrutherford profile imageAUTHOR

      Barry Rutherford 

      7 years ago from Queensland Australia

      Earth Angel either will do :)

    • barryrutherford profile imageAUTHOR

      Barry Rutherford 

      7 years ago from Queensland Australia

      Thanks Earth Angel & best wishes to you! I have duel British & Australian citizenship. It's a bit technical if you were born in the United States & become an Australian you would always be entitled to U.S. Citizenship & vice-versa.

    • Earth Angel profile image

      Earth Angel 

      7 years ago

      Dearest Barry,

      Great Hub! Thanks for sharing!

      Yes, blessings to all in Queensland; the flood photos look devastating!

      If an American Citizen and an Australian Citizen marry do they both get dual-Citizenship?

      That sounds like the best of all worlds!

      If I propose marriage to you shall I get down on bended knee - or just bring diamonds??

      Happy New Year to you and yours Barry!

      Blessings always, EarthAngel!

    • barryrutherford profile imageAUTHOR

      Barry Rutherford 

      7 years ago from Queensland Australia

      SteveoMC If you come to Queensland right now you can go swimming an area the size of France is in Flood !

    • barryrutherford profile imageAUTHOR

      Barry Rutherford 

      7 years ago from Queensland Australia

      There you go Merlin. AS I said to someone complaining about Refugees . Did not I think Captain Cook arrive with papers saying he wishes to settle here !

    • SteveoMc profile image


      7 years ago from Pacific NorthWest

      I would like to visit, but I cannot leave the cold rainy dreary winter here in the NW Coast of US. I would melt. On second thought, I might benefit from some melting.

    • Merlin Fraser profile image

      Merlin Fraser 

      7 years ago from Cotswold Hills

      And there was me thinking all I had to do was steal a sheep in England !

    • barryrutherford profile imageAUTHOR

      Barry Rutherford 

      7 years ago from Queensland Australia

      Look forward to your comments & questions


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