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Impeachment: What It Is and What It Is Not

Updated on September 29, 2019
revmjm profile image

Margaret Minnicks has been an online writer for many years. She writes articles that are interesting to her readers.

Impeachment: Definition

First of all, the term "impeachment" refers to "the process in the removal of a public official from office." The keyword in the definition of impeachment is that it is a process. There are many steps over a long period of time that may actually result in impeachment.

The public must understand that Impeachment does not remove the official from office even if the inquiry and other steps prove the public official is guilty of impeachable crimes.

In criminal law, an Impeachment like an indictment. In other words, it is just a statement of charges against the official. If a public official is impeached, it doesn't mean a person has to be removed from the office he or she was in when the offense occurred. Impeachment is just the springboard which starts a much longer process.

The Constitution of the United States allows sitting presidents to be removed from their office if the members of Congress vote that the president has committed “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.”

Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi | Source

The Impeachment Process

There are many layers in the impeachment process that involves the House and the Senate. On September 24, 2019, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi announced that there would be a formal impeachment inquiry into the allegation that President Donald Trump had a conversation with the Ukrainian president about investigating Joe Biden and his family. That's because Biden is one of Trump's 2020 rivals for the office of President of the United States.

The Democrats currently have 235 members in the House while the Republicans have only 198. The New York Times reported that the House only needs a majority of the 203 members to impeach. So far, 203 members favor impeachment proceedings, 88 are opposed or undecided, and 144 have not indicated what they will do. It is likely that the Democrats will win the vote for impeachment.

The House impeaches, but the Senate is in charge of the trial.

If the House votes to impeach, the Senate will begin an official trial to remove the president from office. There are 53 Republican Senators. In order to pass through the Senate, there needs to be a two-thirds vote of at least 67. There are currently 53 Republican Senators. At least 14 Republican Senator would have to vote against their own party. Most people think that is highly unlikely.

President Trump would then have to choose to resign like Nixon in 1974 did or stand trial in the Senate like Bill Clinton did in 1999. Remember, impeachment rarely results in removal from office. It just becomes a dark mark on the president’s permanent record.

Speaker Pelosi didn't indicate a timeline for the process, but she said it would be done expeditiously. The last Senate trial was for Bill Clinton that took 127 days. Congress has less than 30 working days before the session ends in December. Unless Congress acts very quickly, the trial will not happen until next year, if there is one.

Impeachments in US History

Two United States Presidents have been impeached, Andrew Johnson was impeached on February 24, 1868. The 17th President of the United States was indicted for 11 crimes.

Bill Clinton was impeached in 1999. The 42nd President of the United States was indicted for two articles of impeachment. He was charged for lying under oath and obstruction of justice. Those charges stemmed from a sexual harassment lawsuit filed against him by Paula Jones. Most people still think his impeachable crime was because of his alleged sexual activity with Monica Lewinsky, but that was not included in his crimes for impeachment.

President Johnson and Clinton were impeached by the House, but neither was convicted by the Senate. That means they were not removed from office.

There were efforts to impeach Richard Nixon, but the 37th President of the United States resigned before proceedings started. His high crimes were primarily related to the Watergate scandal. Nixon resigned from office on August 9, 1974. Most people still believe that had Nixon not resigned on his own, he would have been removed from office.

Reactions to Trump's Impeachment Inquiry

President Donald Trump has described this process as a "witch hunt," and "a hoax." He also calls the impeachment inquiry "presidential harassment." He denies having done anything wrong.

The news appeared on the front pages of newspapers around the world a day after the announcement was made about the impeachment inquiry. Major newspapers in the United States carried Speaker Pelosi's photo on its front pages. European and Latin newspapers included the impeachment of Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton in their articles.

A Germany newspaper argued that the Democrats risk everything by launching the proceedings. An Italy newspaper warns that the impeachment proceedings will overshadow the 2020 Presidential election.

Even though the impeachment inquiry involves Ukraine, that country's newspaper did not focus on the impeachment inquiry. Instead, it carried the news about Trump meeting with President Volodymyr Zelensky at the UN General Assembly in New York on Wednesday. the day after Pelosi's announcement.

Do you think President Donald Trump will be impeached?

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    • profile image

      Callipygia 

      21 months ago

      ♥ ♥ to MM!

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      21 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Paula, thanks for reading and commenting on my article about the process of impeachment. I don't usually write about politics, but I hear people talk about it all the time and often they don't have the knowledge about the word or the process of impeachment.

      Writing the article helped me to understand it better, and I was hoping it would be helpful to others as well.

    • fpherj48 profile image

      Suzie 

      21 months ago from Carson City

      Margaret....Thank you so much for this wonderful and detailed explanation on the impeachment process. It is so important that all Americans understand this fully. I appreciate the excellent education.

      Peace, Paula

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      22 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Callipygia, thanks! I have made the revisions!

    • profile image

      Callipygia 

      22 months ago

      Ms. Minnick,

      Thank you for your kind response!

      Does this sentence say exactly what you meant it to:

      "The public must understand that Impeachment does remove the official from office even if the inquiry and other steps prove the public official is guilty of impeachable crimes."

      Would it be clearer without "even"?

      This area just needs a period where a comma typoed its way in:

      "...144 have not indicated what they will do, It is likely that the Democrats..."

      Should "president" be capped here?:

      "The president would then have to choose to resign..." (Damn, that's finicky!)

      Best,

      CC

      PS: Someone once gave me a little sign that read:

      "Beyond humans' need for food, water, shelter and sex, our greatest compulsion is to edit each other's copy."

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      22 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Callipygia, thanks for reading and sharing your feedback. I re-read my article and didn't see what you might be referring to that needs editing in a couple of places. Let me know what those areas are, and I will make any necessary adjustment.

    • profile image

      Callipygia 

      22 months ago

      This article explains the basics that 90% of America doesn't understand, and really needs to. However the article also needs editing for clarity and mechanics. in a couple of places.

      Overall, the concepts are always more important than the bricks and mortar! :)

    • Cheryl E Preston profile image

      Cheryl E Preston 

      22 months ago from Roanoke

      If he is removed Mike Penske takes over and he may be worse.

    • Cheryl E Preston profile image

      Cheryl E Preston 

      22 months ago from Roanoke

      What a detailed business.

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      22 months ago from Richmond, VA

      RTalloni, I know that a lot of people might not understand the process since it rarely happens. I tried to explain the definition along with some particulars.

      The aim of my article was to outline the process and to remind people that even though the impeachment inquiry is beginning, it does not mean that President Trump will be removed from office.

      Thanks for reading and commenting!

    • profile image

      RTalloni 

      22 months ago

      Posts like this will help people understand the process better in spite of the news media's inflamed opinions that are being reported as news.

      It is interesting to watch all of this. The conclusion that either the Democrats initiating these proceedings are either up to something under the table and are using this to distract or that they are using this to distract people from President Trump's UN speech seem both seem like obvious possibilities. At the same time, there's no doubt that the president is watching it all closely with his team's help and preparing to respond to all possibilities they can presage.

      It is hard to imagine that this will work out well for Democrats, but is also hard to imagine that they do not know this, so we will all watch closely. Thanks for food for thought.

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