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Election Procedure Of Indian President With Eligibility
Pranab Mukherjee,The President Of India Is Casting His Vote For Presidential Election
The head of India is certainly the President of India.But his post is not similar to that of American President, rather he is like the king or the queen in England. He is 'de jure' or legal head of our governmen institution whereas the Prime minister of India is the 'de facto' or actual head of our country.But he is the chief of India government nominally.
He is an Indian citizen .He is at least thirty five years of age.He has the ability to be elected in Loksabha.He must not be appointed to a profitable post either by the local authority or by the state government or by the central government.He should deposit fifteen thousand rupees with his nomination file.
At least fifty proposers and at least other fifty seconders to be presented to the Returning Officer.An Elector can not be a proposer or a seconder for two candidates.A candidate can have submitted four nomination papers with only one security money of deposit of 15000.
Representatives For Casting Presidential Votes
Organizing Presidential Election
Article no 324 in Indian Constitution authorizes Election Commission to conduct election for Presidential election.Articles 54 to 58 and 62 of the Constitution of India and the Presidential and Vice-Presidential fix the rules and regulations for election of an Indian President.
According to Elections Act, 1952,after the sixtieth day and before the expiry of the term of a president,the election would be scheduled in a manner that the new President can enter into office just after the retirement of the previous President.
The President is elected by the members of an Electoral College consists of the elected members from House of Assembly,House of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies including NCT of Delhi and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
The Election Commission of India gives the Secretary General, Lok Sabha or the Secretary General, Rajya Sabha appointment to the post of the Returning Officer, by rotation.Two senior Loksabha or Rajyasabha Secretariat officers are engaged to assist during this process. A specified room in the Parliament in New Delhi and a room in all State Legislative Assembly Secretariats are set up as polling booths.But it is a flexible matter for an elector about his polling booth.He can vote where ever he like to cast his vote.What he has to do is to inform Election Commission ten days before the poll takes.This vote is also like a general vote in the matter that an elector can vote according to his own wish ;he is not bound by party whip.
Vote-Value Received By Sangma And Pranab Mukherjee,Presidential Candidates
Vote Value Of The Followings
Examples of Vote Value
NAME OF STATE
NUMBER OF ASSEMBLY SEATS (ELECTIVE)
POPULATION (1971 CENSUS)
Vote Value For An MLA
Total Vote Value For The State
008 X 060 = 480
008 X 040 = 320
007 X 032 = 224
The president of India is elected indirectly.He is elected by an electoral college through proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.The electoral college is constituted with legislatures of the states and both the parliaments -Loksabha and Rajyasabha.
There are three steps evidently you will find during the election process of the President of India and these steps are discussed below.
At first election commission counts the number of votes for each of the elected members of legislative assembly.So population of a specific state is divided by the total elected members of that particular legislative assembly.The result is divided by thousand.If the remainder is five hundred or more, then one is added to the result.
Now let me explain.We know the population of West Bengal is 91, 347, 736 and total elected members in legislative assembly are 294 .So divide 91, 347, 736 by 294.
91, 347, 736 / 294= 310706.585
Now it has to be divided by 1000.
So every members from west bengal will be valued 311 votes.
Now the voters value of the members of parliament from both the houses is calculated.Election Commission multiply vote value of a certain state with total number of M.L.A.s .Finally the total is divided by total of M.P.s of Loksabha and Rajyasabha in that particular state .This result is the voter value for each M.P.If the remainder is more than .5 ,one voter value is added.
Here in West Bengal it will be
311*294=91434 and finally
Each M.P. has 1693 vote value.
Third and the ultimate step is ballot vote casting.This is secret matter.Each and every voter can choose his preference writing 1,2,3,4 etc beside the candidates' names according to his own choice.
The vote will be invalidated if the number 1 for preference is not marked or it is marked for several candidates or it is marked in a manner that it is difficult to understand whom has he marked or it is marked leaving a symbol to recognize the elector or the number 1 is written in words.
For instance ,if APJ ABDUL KALAM, AMARTYA SEN and SACHIN TENDULKAR are contesting , one may follow
1 APJ ABDUL KALAM---1
2 AMARTYA SEN --3
3 SACHIN TENDULKAR-2.
PREFERENCES AND HOW THE WINNER IS CALCULATED
To ensure the Presidential Election ,preferences are adopted by Election Commission.suppose the following is the casting result.
1 APJ ABDUL KALAM..............499
2 AMARTYA SEN ...............05
3 SACHIN TENDULKAR.............496
Now the lowest candidate will be deleted from the list and the ballots voted for him will be observed to see second choice .If it goes to Sachin's favour ,he will be elected.
1 APJ ABDUL KALAM..............499
2 SACHIN TENDULKAR.............496+5 =501(Quota)
QUOTA- The candidate must have obtained quota to be the President of India.We should now concentrate on quota.It is the winning destination for an individual to become the President of India.Election Commission computes the total casting votes,subtracts the cancelled votes and then the total votes are halfed and finally one extra is added to it to make the Quota.
As example,suppose total casting votes are 1007.Among these 7 votes are cancelled.It remains 1000. Now 1000 is divided by 2 resulting 500 and 1 is added to the result concluding 501 which is the Quota.
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