ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Demise of the Lighthouses

Updated on August 21, 2010

Six Lighhouses to be closed

Click thumbnail to view full-size
North Foreland Light  Will survive.  The full sized houses are dwarfed into looking like doll's houses by the huge main tower.Beachy Head on list to be axedOrfordness axedHartland Point axedBlacknoe axedSkokholm axedMaryport axedThe Ancient Cordouan Light in FranceEddystone.  Its history is like a movie.The Cape Hatteras LightBremerhaven Light In the city of lighthouses, Bremerhaven, GermanyEast Brother Ligh and guest house, CaliforniaRomantic old Laterna Light in Genoa Italy (of course! "El sole mio!")Sydney's Macquarie Light, near Bondi.  A tribute to Australian convict artisans.Model lighthouses make expensive and popular ornaments.
North Foreland Light  Will survive.  The full sized houses are dwarfed into looking like doll's houses by the huge main tower.
North Foreland Light Will survive. The full sized houses are dwarfed into looking like doll's houses by the huge main tower.
Beachy Head on list to be axed
Beachy Head on list to be axed
Orfordness axed
Orfordness axed
Hartland Point axed
Hartland Point axed
Blacknoe axed
Blacknoe axed
Skokholm axed
Skokholm axed
Maryport axed
Maryport axed
The Ancient Cordouan Light in France
The Ancient Cordouan Light in France
Eddystone.  Its history is like a movie.
Eddystone. Its history is like a movie.
The Cape Hatteras Light
The Cape Hatteras Light
Bremerhaven Light In the city of lighthouses, Bremerhaven, Germany
Bremerhaven Light In the city of lighthouses, Bremerhaven, Germany
East Brother Ligh and guest house, California
East Brother Ligh and guest house, California
Romantic old Laterna Light in Genoa Italy (of course! "El sole mio!")
Romantic old Laterna Light in Genoa Italy (of course! "El sole mio!")
Sydney's Macquarie Light, near Bondi.  A tribute to Australian convict artisans.
Sydney's Macquarie Light, near Bondi. A tribute to Australian convict artisans.
Model lighthouses make expensive and popular ornaments.
Model lighthouses make expensive and popular ornaments.

The Lights Will Die Under Labor

Lighthouses Face Labor‘s Axe:

Since a young child during the war, I have had a love affair with lighthouses. This is mostly due to the fact I was born within sight and sound of North Foreland lighthouse in Broadstairs, Kent. (see notes below). I can’t recall, being one year old when war broke out, if the lighthouse functioned all through the war years: little could have been a more tempting target for Luftwaffe gunners heading back to Germany than the huge, exposed buildings. But when I was a little older, I do remember the sight of the light sweeping out to sea, warning ships to stay clear of the North Goodwin Sands, and the sonorous groan of the lighthouse foghorn as it sounded in the often inclement and foggy weather along that coast, it’s reassuring basso profundo moan often answered in kind by large ships, their chief officers obviously comforted themselves. And admiration for the lighthouse and the sight of the vessels passing through granddad’s telescope, may have had some bearing on the fact I joined the navy as a young adult and saw many lighthouses beaming and calling to me all round the globe.  Some years later, I bought a condominium in Vaucluse, Sydney, and found myself gazing along the coast at the elegant, convict-designed lighthouse, Macquarie Light, (also pictured).

Now we see on the news recently that New Labor, this awful band of shameless thugs, intend putting their stamp on closing many more of the facilities along our coasts to add to those abandoned and rotting already. What on Earth must they be thinking? Well, we know the answer, of course, saving money and their wretched bacon as they compete with the Tories to try and win another 5 years of failure as our government. (Anything would be better, I’d sooner have the Young Communists). They say that we don’t need many lighthouses now we have GPS and other navigation aids able to pinpoint a ship’s position - and there is truth in that, of course. Just as we didn’t need trains, we all have cars, and that we apparently don’t need Post Offices, we all have carrier pigeons! Along with we don’t need industry, we all have welfare, this about explains the attitude of this miserable gang of petty pirates.

Is there anything sadder for many reasons than the sight of one of our wonderful rural train station houses turned into a private cottage with a fence round it and the rails rooted-up or concreted over? With some smug city commuter using it as a holiday retreat? You can almost trace Britain’s demise by the loss of our wonderful rail system, once the pride of the country and the best in the world. No wonder thousands seek out the few hobbyist’s rail lines that remain and queue to travel ten miles and get that old feeling back for just a moment in time?

Now rural populations are fighting a losing battle to keep their post offices open: we are told to “move with the times,” that “no one wants snail-mail any more; to “use our computers,” “set up direct debits to pay our bills,” stop writing to friends and relatives and sent texts and emails instead.” They rarely admit that about 10 million of us still don’t own computers, don’t like computers and don’t know how to operate one. Many of these are seniors who will never use computers and enjoy penning letters and sending cheques and proper greeting cards, not meaningless email rubbish. And this includes people who do have a computer.

But this article isn’t about trains and post offices, we may have already lost that battle as I don’t think who wins the election will make any difference.

Lighthouses, however, are different. For a start, they, and those who have manned them before most were automated, are incredibly romantic. Lighthouses and keepers have saved many lives while not a few of them were lost and drowned. Like windmills (preserved in far-sighted countries such as Holland but not here of course), they have tremendous visual appeal for tourists and artists. They doubtlessly add to the pleasure of visitors, especially from places like Switzerland! But the expense of the few that are still manned or who have caretakers; the automatic lights and foghorn maintenance and the upkeep of the buildings, gardens and grounds, often in rather inaccessible locations, add up to one thing to Labor‘s money crunchers, a few million pounds more to try to extricate them from the numbing debt the country faces in 2010

The department overseeing lighthouses is Trinity House. Their decision is not only controversial, it is highly complicated by the fact that lighthouses have one thing in common…they are all different! That means that the power of the lights vary, the type and number of moving and stationary lights are never the same; some may have the main light removed but continue with fixed lights - and the need for fog warning sirens will carry on. It seems that a final decision won’t be made until after the election in late May or so, although all the objections were requested to be received by January, 29th.

Probably Trinity was surprised by the amount and variety of objections, both from maritime professionals and the general public, many of whom are outraged at what they see as another narrow-minded and potty cost-cutting to the detriment of just about everyone.

There are six lighthouses facing the axe as I write. They will join the twenty more which have been closed over the last 40 years, in a rather more surreptitious manner. At present, there are just 69 left. From this number, we are set to loose the facilities at Beachy Head, Orfordness, in Woodbridge, Suffolk, Hartland Point Light (overlooking Lundy Isle) in Devon, Blacknore, in Portistead, Skokholm, in Pembrokeshire, Wales and Maryport, Cumbria. With no little relief, I see my North Foreland Light is spared for the moment!

Some of the loudest voices against the closures have come from small fishing and tourist boat owners who don’t carry expensive navigation equipment. These people rely on the lighthouses in marginal weather and at night and want them left alone, thank you! Many others have suggested that the beautiful examples of Victorian and other architecture handed over to the National Trust and maintained for the nation’s posterity. At this point, no one can see the lighthouses actually being pulled down, but that must happen if they are not maintained - and if they are, why not leave them as functioning and welcoming signals to arrivals by sea, as they have been for years.

The worst scenario (but one the money-crunchers have no doubt considered) is turning more of them over to the private real-estate companies for sale to the public, like the sad stations. The prime coastal locations and strength of build would ensure they sold for many millions of pounds each; they often have comfortable dwellings attached and would be snapped-up.

Quick! Vote this lot out and prevail on the Tories to rethink this whole plan!

Notes on a Lighthouse.

North Foreland has had light since 1499. In 1636, first structure built which burned down in 1683. Present building completed in 1691: two levels added later. Was automated in 1998 by Prince Charlie. Flashes 5 times every 20 seconds with a range of 19 miles (some 8 miles beyond the dangerous Goodwin Sands).

Unluckiest builder

One of the most famous lighthouses in the world must be the rugged Eddystone Lighthouse, 13 miles SW of Plymouth. The present structure has survived since 1882, despite some of the worst sea conditions around the coast and its location on rocks that are often covered at high tides with combers breaking up to the top of the 150-foot structure. In fact, this is the fourth Eddystone Lighthouse. Henry Winstanley built the first structure in 1698 after being kidnapped by the French off the rocks and held for ransom in exchange for French prisoners. The first tower only lasted a year before the storms destroyed it. Winstanley’s second attempt was also razed by wind and waves, but this time, the ill-fated builder was lost, too. Searchers the next morning could find nothing of the builder or his creation. The next tower lasted 46 years despite being made partially of wood. Fire was the reason it finally died. In a particularly gruesome incident, the lighthouse keeper was killed, too. He was gazing up at the light, in fear and shock when an incandescent lump of molten lead fell into his open mouth! Instant lead poisoning. John Smealton’s next structure lasted another 100 years as building methods improved. The current building - the fifth - a 150-foot-high tower, made from massive granite blocks was ready in 1882 and has survived 128 years to date.

The Most Beautiful Lighthouse?

This accolade is often accorded to the Corduoan Lighthouse at the entrance of the Gironde River near Bordeaux. It has been in place since the 16th Century, replacing a structure that had been there since medieval times. The builder included sumptuous apartments and a chapel in case a king or church leader wanted to stay there - none did, the ungrateful swine! But Augustine Fresnel did test his revolutionary new chandelier-type lens there in the 1820s, his invention was used right up until modern times.

Most Singular Lighthouse.

While we in Britain are doing our best to grind our heritage underfoot in many directions, the North Americans are undergoing a sea-change where restoring their lighthouses are concerned and many lovely buildings have been restored over the last 20 years. One that has commanded world-wide interest is the dramatic blue and white “barber’s pole” decorated Cape Hatteras Light, which, had it been in the UK, would have been doomed as beach erosion threatened its foundation. In “can-do” American, though, 12 million dollars was spent (1990 rate), the massive brick cylinder, weighing thousands of tons and, at 193 feet, having the world’s tallest tower, was moved in one piece, 2,900 feet along the beach back to a safe location far from the waves where it now stands, proudly doing the job for which it was intended and being visited by thousands to stand and gape every year at this wondrous engineering achievement.

A Few Other Significant Lighthouses

One of my favorite buildings is the statuesque Bremerhaven Light in a city - Bremerhaven - that holds no less than 12 lighthouses, perhaps making it a world leader. The lighthouse mentioned is a Gothic Revival building by Simon Loschen who built it to look like a church and succeeded splendidly. With palatial accommodation for its keepers, the Lighthouse has been blinking steadily for more than 150 years near one of the world’s busiest ports and shipbuilding centers.

East Brother Light

A lighthouse that also accommodates a breathtaking guest house (There’s an idea for David Cameron when he takes office - like the Spanish Paradors, which use old monasteries as the basis for luxury hotels, many lighthouses in Britain and elsewhere might be suitable to include guest accommodation?) This lovely classic Victorian building is in Richmond, California and is still a working lighthouse as well as a B and B. Guides ships through the upper regions of huge San Francisco Bay.

La Laterna Light. A huge and majestic structure with the highest and oldest masonry tower in the world, La Laterna was really put on the map by a photo of it in a storm, which has appeared on countless posters and calendars all over the globe. On a promontory in San Benigo, Genoa, Italy, and in continuous use since the 16th Century…a previous light was here from 1128!


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • diogenes profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from UK and Mexico

      Hi HH: Yes, agree in general, but I feel David Cameron is a good man who will make a difference..we'll see! Bob

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      8 years ago from London, UK

      Thank you for drawing the attention to the lighthouses. It is a shame but having the Young Communist instead - no thank. Let me straight emphasis that I don't believe fully in Labour but my experience of the Tories - no thank you. They also promises everything what Labour doesn;t do. All they every do critisize but never put a better suggestion forward. That isn't to me a policies and besides when they are in power all they do screw the country down to a standstill whith all the cutbacks. In that way Labour is still better but not perfect. The Tories closed all the mines down, privatized the industrie and where are they now? They talk about Labour 2,5 mill unemployed, how can they when they had 5 mill?


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)