ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Lingering Elitism in the United Kingdom

Updated on December 3, 2014


A recent report by the government's social mobility and child poverty commission reveals that the UK continues to harbor and exercise elitism. This study assessed the occupations of the wealthiest and most powerful individuals up against their educational background. Specifically, the report scrutinizes the fields of law, politics and media above all others and suggests that these institutions are particularly selective of most of their high ranking personnel. There continues to be an outflow of incredibly successful alumni coming out of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. These two establishments are frequently referred to as 'Oxbridge' rather imaginatively and both have systematically been at the forefront of elitist culture in the UK. The report also finds that those wealthiest and most powerful typically study at either of these universities following an adolescent upbringing within a private or grammar school. With the government themselves now admitting that the UK has severe restrictions in economic and social mobility, the UK urgently needs to find a reversal of this trend which just continues to persist

The Headline

Heading of the report.
Heading of the report. | Source

Core themes

The report compiled by this government department was very graphical and straightforward. It uses little jargon and explains things in a manner anyone can understand. There was a clear reflection of the means and methodology used to pursue the results and there are few if any loopholes in their study. Finally, it is comprehensive in its research with a clear indication of the result it wants to project. To highlight the core themes of the report; this is a critic of British society and culture, the very kind that is sapping the economic potential of millions of people from disadvantaged backgrounds or in other words, the backgrounds of ordinary people who are only disadvantaged in relation to the 'select few'. The House of Commons, the judiciary and the media are all dominated by personnel from independent schools and/or from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, this is despite the fact that only 7% of the population is privately educated and fewer than 1% of the population is part of the Oxford or Cambridge alumni. The architects of this study believe that these findings represent a regressive strain on the modern principles of meritocracy and social justice and that the 'lack of diversification at the top' in disciplines which need to represent the general pubic (media and politics especially) is contradictory to what those job roles entail.

Personal Analysis

My point of view is one of many, and I am aware that no one answer or response is ever the right one. That is one of the reasons I enjoy this field of study. The report is clearly a biased examination of Britain's social status but it has also included some personal testimonials from people directly involved in the industries analysed. (I've included my own in the bottom paragraph). The stories are far from supportive of the government's interpretations for they imply that there is little correlation between educational background and occupation clout. It can be contested further when we consider that even though there may very well be a correlation, correlation itself does not necessarily indicate causation. More cohesive criticism can be directed at the implication that the offspring of high income families are the only ones able to access the highest standard of education. In contrast to this view, the cost of tuition at Oxford and Cambridge is £9000, which is the standard fee adopted by most universities in England. Their entrance exams are assessed on academic merit alone and both universities are consistently emphasizing their accessibility to people of all backgrounds irrespective of income or previous education. With these facets of modern 'Oxbridge' in mind, it seems as though the universities are still selective but for greater publicity purposes owing to their constant strive to attain as diverse a class as possible (i.e, they're picking students increasingly based on their background but they're selecting from all walks of life and not just the elite). To counter this, it is at the age of almost full maturity that one applies for university and those from higher income backgrounds have been more thoroughly invested in with regards to their education and consequently will more likely achieve higher grades at GCSE and A Level, that's not necessarily to say that all heavily financed investments pay off and individuals can succeed or fail no matter how much they're supported, financially or otherwise.

The cumulative knowledge attained by one educated privately and then subsequently at a world class university would mean that they've a level of achieved academic excellence which distinguishes them in their job searches and if these people running the courts and the government are so gifted, should they not deserve to have the best jobs for they have the best education? The obvious 'but' in this case is that there hasn't been a level playing field because not every family can afford private schooling or even university, and that is the key argument behind the recent report and it's something of a cyclical phenomenon which consistently favors a minority of families in the country and isn't impacting a greater percentage of the population. If half of all people went to private schools then it wouldn't be interpreted quite as negatively. Morally and ethically speaking, there are multiple perspectives. The government states that it is unhealthy for a democratic and progressive country to be managed in this out of date fashion and political party leaders state that it is unfair and the structures should be reformed, albeit with a bout of hypocrisy. Finally, Laissez faire economic philosophy, when applied would dictate that education, like all other departments needs to work unregulated with little or no government interference and as a result it is down to each individual to make their position in life the best that they can without the intrusive rules and regulations. The cyclical pattern of inter-generational elitism in this case would most likely be more potent. No straightforward conclusion can be reached, however one interesting case study is Finland, which developed a unique schooling system based on fully equalized opportunities and a relatively relaxed approach advocated by both the government and schools themselves. (Link below)

Eton Assembly

The assembly in the college chapel of Eton college. One of the UK's most prestigious boy's private schools.
The assembly in the college chapel of Eton college. One of the UK's most prestigious boy's private schools. | Source

Public Opinion

Do you consider elitism to be a pressing issue in modern Britain

See results

Childhood memories

When i was at the age of eleven and undergoing the transition from primary to secondary education here in the UK, my parents exhausted all their efforts to try to get me enrolled in the most successful comprehensive school that was accessible to us on a daily basis. Only a year earlier they had tried and failed to prepare me for a grammar school education by pressuring me into an 11+ exam with ongoing after school classes at the residence of a private tutor. I was 10 years old and naturally had no interest in finishing one school just to go and get educated further twice a week, especially during summer break when lessons only got longer and more difficult. I look back on the circumstances a decade ago and I wonder why this was and is still the case; my parents consistently express delusions of grandeur but we live in a country where the standard of education seems very polarized even at a regional level. Should the system reverse the trend of competitiveness that was promoted in the 1980s to one where there is a uniform standard across the state? We still have school uniforms in the UK, however they do not reflect the true fashion in which the every school is governed.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Daniel Bassilios profile imageAUTHOR

      Daniel Bassilios 

      4 years ago from Newcastle Upon Tyne

      I think the system in America is very similar. The top colleges and universities there are usually comprised of international students or people who obtained scholarships. Nevertheless I hear that their debts are much higher and that their loan providers treat their clients appallingly when they can't pay back the money. The debts in the UK have risen substantially but at least they are written off after 10 years and you only pay back a small % of a salary £22,000 per annum or higher. Doubt I'll be paying much of mine off at all. :P

    • Annette Hendley profile image

      Annette Hendley 

      4 years ago from London, United Kingdom

      Very true Daniel. Richard in the UK students get financial help from the government. They have to eventually pay a large portion back once they earn over a certain amount. At least it gives them a chance to get into a uni and the fees are the same for all the unis. That helps a lot. Wouldn't have been able to send my kids to uni without it.

    • profile image

      Richard B 

      4 years ago

      It's a similar story in America with the Ivy league schools but there's a counterbalance in states like California with all its world-renowned establishments. They can be very selective though and the tuition bills at the best schools are usually very high so its hardly accessible for the majority.

    • Daniel Bassilios profile imageAUTHOR

      Daniel Bassilios 

      4 years ago from Newcastle Upon Tyne

      The same could probably be said for UCL and LSE considering how London centrist Britain has become. It shouldn't be like this in a country which pioneered the modern liberal and democratic values we champion today.

    • Annette Hendley profile image

      Annette Hendley 

      4 years ago from London, United Kingdom

      Very interesting article Daniel. Being a teacher with a foreign qualification, I quickly realised how elitist the British are, especially in the academic world. I just know they would never accept that I can do the job as well as they believe they do.

      Cambridge and Oxford is definitely the number 1 spot for politics and law, but at least Imperial College is giving Cambridge some competition at the moment.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)