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Method of Madness-The Lebensborn Initiative

Updated on April 5, 2013

Atrocity based on eugenics not science.

Yet another catastrophic German experiment.
Yet another catastrophic German experiment. | Source

Lebensborn homes are built.

Lebensborn home 1935-1945
Lebensborn home 1935-1945 | Source

A plan for a Master-Race.

In 1935 the first Lebensborn home was established in Germany. The basis for the development of this Nazi program was eugenics. Eugenics according to the American Heritage Dictionary is: The study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding. The Nazi regime proposed that within a thousand years a Master-race could be developed in Germany.

The agenda was to breed the perfect Aryan. The physical characteristics would be blonde-hair, blue-eyes and a tall and athletic build. When the program began the three ancestries in Germany were made up of those people with Alpine/Mediterranean and Nordic descent. The plan was to selectively choose women and men (pulled from the SS) who best characterized a Nordic ancestry. They would become the blood-line from which a new nation would be born.

Certain physical characteristics were the first criteria.

Potential candidates for Lebensborn program.
Potential candidates for Lebensborn program. | Source

Stringent physical examinations were conducted.

Examine room in Lebensborn house 1939
Examine room in Lebensborn house 1939 | Source

Qualifying for the Lebensborn Program.

The women who wanted to participate or were recruited to the Lebensborn program needed to meet certain criteria. Many women seeking or chosen to be candidates did not meet the project's rigid standards. Extensive physical examinations were conducted and each of these women needed to meet specific physical guide-lines. Back-round checks were also done and if any Jewish ancestry was discovered they were immediately denied.

The hardest criteria to meet was proof that the father was or would be a member of the elite SS. All SS officers needed to get the state’s approval to marry. Approval would depend on the women meeting the Lebensborn's stringent criteria. Once approved the couple was expected by the state to produce at least four children. Those single women participating stayed at the Lebensborn homes during their pregnancies which gave them anonymity. They also had access to food, doctors and through medical care.

Ironically although Hitler professed a need for heightened morality in Germany the women who were most appealing to the program had previously been bedded and already impregnated. Over fifty percent of those women screened for the program did not make it in. Those that did were primarily single women who signed contracts to release their children to the state once they were born. Close to ninety percent of the children being born into the Lebensborn were illegitimate. Children were fostered out to those approved SS officers and their wives or the children were raised in an environment similar to an orphanage.


Father to the Master-Race?

Himmler pictured with a child of the Lebensborn.
Himmler pictured with a child of the Lebensborn. | Source

Propaganda flourished-

Source

Head of the program.

The implementation of the Lebensborn program was left to Heinrich Himmler. Himmler loved the theory of developing a master race and was an active administrator taking charge of all aspects of the program. He himself sired two children while the Lebensborn initiative was at its peak. Prior to the war Himmler was a chicken farmer making his fascination in a breeding program easier to understand.

Himmler visited the Lebensborn homes frequently and promoted the program extensively. He was said to favor those children who were born on his birthday dispensing special perks such as foster placement etc. The propaganda that took place during this time was intense and active participation in Hitler youth camps strongly encouraged. These young men and women would be already indoctrinated and fertile ground in which to plant more Nordic seed. Himmler remained as the pillar head for the Lebensborn homes until their evacuations in 1945. Arrested as a war criminal at the end of WWII, Himmler would never answer for his crimes against humanity.On May 23,1945 while incarcerated he committed suicide by swallowing a cyanide capsule.

A breakdown of the facts behind the Lebensborn program

No escaping the "Master" plan.

The Lebensborn atrocity moves to occupied countries.
The Lebensborn atrocity moves to occupied countries. | Source

Norway's participation in the Lebensborn Atrocities

The Lebensborn movement then went into occupied countries.

Thought to be a flawless endeavor the birth rate remained slow for the ten Lebensborn houses operating in Germany (approx.7500 births recorded.) By 1940 Himmler’s projection of increasing the population of Germany to 120 million seemed completely out of reach. Himmler's solution was to take the children from occupied countries such as Poland. The children picked exhibited those Nordic characteristics most revered by the Nazi regime. Two-hundred thousand children were believed to be taken and put into re-settlement compounds for indoctrination into the Third Reich. At the end of the war only 40,000 were returned to their homeland.

The other solution Himmler devised was the establishment of nine Lebensborn homes in Norway. Norwegian women exhibited the Nordic characteristics being sought as they were blonde, blue-eyed and tall. SS officers were encouraged to fraternize with the women of Norway and the end result was over 12,000 children being born in Norway. After the war unlike those Lebensborn children born in Germany the Norway Lebensborn protégés were ostracized and accused of being war criminals along with their mothers. Many were proclaimed mentally deficient and spent the remainder of their lives in institutions.

One creative life saved-

Monster with a mission.

Source

Still resonating.

Today there are people still feeling the effects of the Lebensborn initiative. The government of Germany still denies having acknowledge of the "secret" Third Reich project. Like other atrocities committed during WWII most German and Norwegian citizens would be happy to just forget the past. For those families with familial ties this is impossible. Many of the children are now gone but some still remain who will never know the truth of their parentage. They say ignorance is bliss but all people should have a right to their origins. Records have been lost or destroyed and very few family members of those born in the homes will ever know their true ancestry. Hitler had a method to the madness that generated the atrocities enacted by the Third Reich. Those such as the Lebensborn project will forever be a scar upon the the face of Germany.

Hitler's dream denied.

Fictional account of one woman's involvement with the Lebensborn program

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    • Live to Learn profile image

      Denise 18 months ago from Virginia

      I didn't see your article on Hillary that you suggested I read but I had to read this one. Very interesting. I'd heard of the program but you've shared information which I wasn't aware of. Let's all hope that humanity will learn the lessons it should from this madness.

    • LauraD093 profile image
      Author

      Laura Tykarski 20 months ago from Pittsburgh PA

      Thanks Chantelle appreciate you taking a look. I just watched a documentary wherein they interviewed children remaining from the program-I wish I could remember the tile (old-timer's) lol They were lost after the war ended as most of them had be abandoned by their mother's after conception and given to the state.

    • Chantelle Porter profile image

      Chantelle Porter 20 months ago from Chicago

      Amazing and disturbing. Great article.

    • ajwrites57 profile image

      AJ 4 years ago from Pennsylvania

      Yes, the horrific experiments by Joseph Mengele are also astounding and stagger the imagination. Also, how they researched how to exterminate the most amount of people at one time--as you say, their evil madness was endless.

    • LauraD093 profile image
      Author

      Laura Tykarski 4 years ago from Pittsburgh PA

      Thanks for your comment I just recently saw a documentary which precipitated the article. I feel badly for the children and how they must have been treated for acts they had no control over. Yes the list is endless of atrocities committed in Nazi Germany.

    • ajwrites57 profile image

      AJ 4 years ago from Pennsylvania

      LauraD093 the practice of eugenics by Nazi Germany is an astounding, hubristic, horrifying episode in human history. I've read about and have seen documentaries on this subject. Hopefully, we can learn from this story and not duplicate the practice ever again. Thanks for sharing these little known facts which further exemplify Nazi evil.

    • LauraD093 profile image
      Author

      Laura Tykarski 4 years ago from Pittsburgh PA

      Wow I just finished it--thanks for the comment.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Fascinating and true madness. :) Thanks for the history lesson.