ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Napoleon's Bizarre Abyss at Waterloo, 1815

Updated on June 22, 2015
The Longwood house where Napoleon lived in exile.
The Longwood house where Napoleon lived in exile.
St. Helena island
St. Helena island

Waterloo. The epic battle of the Napoleonic War fought on June 18, 1815. The defeat of the French Army defined Europe's future. What is amazing that Napoleon rose from his first exile and returned to France on March 1st, 1815. Nothing much was thought of it but within a short time, Napoleon was back in power using a military coup d'etat. It was just a year ago, in 1814, he was defeated and declared as an outlaw. It is amazing that within the short time of a few months of his return the French Army was threatening other countries with occupation.

Waterloo ended the Anglo-French wars that consumed some five centuries and opened for new domination by Germany. Just before the battle, Napoleon had 125,000 soldiers and 350 cannons, while the British-Dutch-German forces has 212,000 and 430 cannons. Napoleon planned to advance through Charleroi, 20 miles east of Wellington. Napoleon planned to smash the British in the center, turn on the Prussians and walk into Brussels. Even though the Prussians knew of Napoleon's plan, they did not dispatch this information to Wellington who led the army until it was too late. There was mistrust among the allies.

On June 16th, the battle at Qautre Bras greatly delayed the French forces and caused problems for the allies fighting at Ligny. Once Ligny was over, the allies had to move its cannons across muddy ground to block Napoleon's march towards Brussels. So, on the 18th, the French blow fell on 30,000 British, 40,000 Dutch and 22,000 German troops. But half of the British and German men were new recruits and now faced experienced French men. But, like many battles, one crisis after another continued to plague Napoleon. These were bad omens. The stone house at Hougoumont turned into a major road block for the French and wasted men and time the whole day. Like, Bastogne, in 1944, the allied troops defended it tooth and nail. Like the Kurds at Kobani in 2015, ISIS could not seize it and wasted men trying to. The British cavalry charged and repeated charges of French troops upon British infantry in square formation. In desperation, Napoleon sent his best troops, the Imperial Guards, charging up the slope in dense formations, but just as they reached the crest, British troops shot volley after volley of fire from their flanks. Napoleon's best troops did the least expected- they became disorganized and retreated!

Waterloo was a battle where both sides made serious errors. Cavalry would charge a square formation, which was invulnerable to such things. This was proven many times before this battle, yet, inexperienced leaders directed their men to sure death. Cannons could easily destroy a square formation, but were susceptible to cavalry charges, as were infantry in line formation. During the battle, the allies would issue for a square formation to enter a line formation just before it was charged by cavalry. Suffice to say, it proved to be a grievous mistake to those infantry.

After the battle was over, some 40,000 dead and wounded of both sides were left. Scavengers of all types, human and non-human, looted the dead bodies of belongings and even teeth. Many of the bodies remained not buried for over a week. The British victory took several days to reach London. In Paris, Napoleon's support went up like a flame. There was no love loss to get rid of him. By July, the British were firmly in control of the city. Napoleon now sought to escape to avoid being captured. At first, he wanted to flee to the USA, but that plan was not feasible because British ships blockaded all French ports. With no viable escape, Napoleon surrendered and now the British had to decide what to do with him. Napoleon had hoped to be exiled in London, but that was not to happen. Instead, the British exiled him to a remote island in the Atlantic, the St. Helena island. It is more than 1000 miles from Africa. The island is mostly barren and Napoleon lived in a small single room house and deprived of all he was accustomed to. Food was brought to him but was usually not very good. He would die in 1821 there and during the autopsy, vital organs were taken out. But most interesting is that his penis was removed and given to an Italian priest. At some point, his penis, now mummified, was given to a London bookseller and in 1927 was in Philadelphia. It was put on display in New York at the Museum of French Art. Then, in 1977, an American urologist bought it at an auction. Verification that it IS actually Napoleon's has never occurred. But it is about 2-inches long!


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • perrya profile imageAUTHOR

      perrya 

      3 years ago

      Thanks, Jason.

    • Jason Matthews profile image

      Jason Matthews 

      3 years ago from North Carolina

      Your explanation of this major historical event is very clear and easy to understand. Most people, including myself, have heard of Waterloo, but you allow readers to really understand what happened in that battle. Thanks for sharing an excellent hub!

    • emge profile image

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Very interesting

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)