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National Symbols of Australia

Updated on June 11, 2012

With its unique culture and tradition, Australia is sixth largest country of the world and has fifth highest per capita income.

The national symbols of Australia represents its uniqueness, cultural and history.


Australian National Flag
Australian National Flag | Source

Australian National Flag

First flown in 1901, Australian national flag is expression of Australian identity and pride.

Flag is formed of three elements on blue background:

1) Union jack in upper left corner acknowledging the history of British settlement.

2) Commonwealth star with seven points representing unity of six states and territories of Commonwealth of Australia.

3) Southern Cross shown on fly of the flag in white.

Australian Coat of Arms
Australian Coat of Arms | Source

Commonwealth Coat of Arms

Granted by King George V on 19 September 1912, Coat of Arms is the formal and official symbol of Australia signifying commonwealth authority and ownership.

The shield in the center contains badges of six states with New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland at the upper half and South Australia, West Australia and Tasmania at the bottom half. Above the shield is the seven pointed "Commonwealth Star" forming the crest.


Australian National Anthem

Created by Scottish-born Peter Dodds McCormick, "Advance Australia Fair" is the National Anthem of Australia.

Beneath our radiant southern Cross,
We'll toil with hearts and hands;
To make this Commonwealth of ours
Renowned of all the lands;
For those who've come across the seas
We've boundless plains to share;
With courage let us all combine
To advance Australia fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing
"Advance Australia fair!"

Australians all let us rejoice,
For we are young and free;
We've golden soil and wealth for toil,
Our home is girt by sea;
Our land abounds in Nature's gifts
Of beauty rich and rare;
In history's page, let every stage
Advance Australia fair!
In joyful strains then let us sing,
"Advance Australia fair!"

Golden Wattle
Golden Wattle | Source

National Floral Emblem of Australia

The Golden Wattle (Acacia Pycnantha) is the National Floral Emblem of Australia. Officially proclaimed in 1988, Golden Wattle encapsulates the spirit of Australian Bush.

Golden Wattle is shrub or small tree that grows in understorey of open forest, woodland and in open scrub.

Green and Gold
Green and Gold | Source

National Colors of Australia

The Governor-General, on 19th April 1984, officially proclaimed the popular and loved colors Green and Gold as the official colors of Australia. Green and Gold are found in National dress of almost all National teams of Australia.

The colors were primarily chosen considering the Australian landscape, especially the Golden Wattle, the National Floral Emblem.

Opal
Opal | Source

National Gemstone of Australia

One of the most beautiful and precious stone, Opal is the National Gemstone of Australia.

Opal was declared National Gemstone on 28 July, 1993 by Honorable Governor-General Bill Hayden AC. 97% of total world Opal production is done by Australia. Australia's precious Opals include black opal, white opal, crystal opal and boulder opal.

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