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Nawaz Sharif Becomes Prime Minister for Third Time: A Testing Period for Him but Dismissed Anyway

Updated on December 28, 2017

Who is Nawaz Sharif ?

Nawaz Sharif is a Punjabi politician from Punjab. He is the leader of the Pakistan Muslim League –Nawaz party (PML-N). Nawaz Sharif has been Prime Minister on two occasions earlier in 1993 and 1999. On both these occasions, he crossed swords with the Army and had to leave office. In his first stint as Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif did not find favor with the then Army Chief and he had to resign.

Nawaz’s Jousts with the Pakistan Army

On the second occasion, he was toppled by a military coup led by his protégé general Parvez Musharraf. Nawaz Sharif was tried and sentenced to life imprisonment and an additional 14 years in jail. During this phase of his prime ministership he invited the Indian Prime Minister AB Vajpayee to Pakistan. But unknown to him his protégé general Musharraf launched an invasion against India in Kargil. He also overthrew Nawaz and tried him for treason. But friendly governments notably Saudi Arabia interceded on his behalf and Nawaz Sharif had to leave Pakistan for exile in Saudi Arabia. He returned in 2007 and contested the general elections.

The Return of Nawaz Sharif

In this election, the People s party was the winner, but Nawaz Sharif played the part of a responsible opposition. The previous two stints of Nawaz Sharif were marred by a deep distrust between him and the army. This is so because Pakistan during the 66 years of its existence has been governed by the military for half that period. Right from the time when General Ayub Khan in a military coup seized power in 1958, the army has become a permanent factor in Pakistan politics. A string of generals followed Ayub Khan. In between, there were sporadic attempts at civilian rule notably after the defeat in Bangladesh which discredited the army.

The Era of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his Peoples Party came to power after the loss of East Pakistan. The army at that time was discredited as nearly 100,000 POWs surrendered to India. Worse the country broke up into 2 states, with the creation of Bangladesh. The pictures of general AK Niazi surrendering his entire army to the Indian general JS Aurora at the Dacca stadium discredited the army further.

Unfortunately, he was overthrown and executed in a judicial hanging under the aegis of General Zia –Ul Haq. General Zia ruled for 10 years and his death in an air accident opened the gates again to civilian rule. Later evidence pointed to a successful assassination, which paralyzed the crew in the cockpit. General Zia died along with the US Ambassador who was also onboard.

Nawaz Sharif, First, and Second Stint as Prime Minister

Nawaz Sharif became prime minister in 1993. But he was dismissed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan. Nawaz was reinstated by the Supreme Court, but opposition from the army forced him to tender his resignation. His second stint was equally disastrous. He had difficulties with General Jahangir Karamat. In a bid to upstage General Karamat he promoted a relatively junior officer General Pervez Musharraf as the army chief. This was an extremely short-sighted step and showed that Sharif was a poor judge of men.

His second stint was marred by indecision, though he had a majority. He had a head-on clash with his own protégé and was overthrown and imprisoned.

Nawaz Sharif and the Army : his Third stint as PM

The situation now is a little different, but the army remains omnipotent. The army chief General Kayani still calls the shots. Nawaz has won a working majority this time, but the army is still breathing down his neck. He has however established a record by becoming the first prime minister in Pakistan to hold this chair for the third time. Nawaz will, however, be wary as his first 2 tenures as Prime Minister were disastrous.

Challenges before Sharif

The situation as far as the economy is concerned is worse than in 1999. There is runaway inflation and the balance of payments dangerously low. A point that needs to be emphasized is that Nawaz Sharif’s party has a significant presence only in the Punjab province and its presence in other states is minimal. This is a significant drawback as far as Sharif is concerned. In addition, he will have to be wary of the army, which has never liked him. Thus Nawaz Sharif is going to commence his third innings under trying circumstances. He will have to do a tightrope walk. But till the army rules in the chance that Sharif can have full sway over Pakistan appears doubtful.

Last Word

Nawaz Sharif was sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan by President Asif Zaradari at an impressive ceremony on 5 June 2103. From the word ‘go’ he seems again a prisoner of the army as despite his friendly noises and overtures to India the Pakistan army has begun a series of violations of the ceasefire. The line of control in Kashmir is again made alive and Sharif perforce has to toe the line.

The ghost of the past has caught up with Sharif and will tacit support of the army he is made to resign on charges of corruption. Maybe for Shariff this time it's all over bar the shouting.

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    • Twilight Lawns profile image

      Twilight Lawns 

      5 years ago from Norbury-sur-Mer, Surrey, England. U.K.

      Thank you, MG for your gentle and intelligent ripostes to my claims and comments. I have heard of the book and will search it out. i hope it's available on Kindle.

    • MG Singh profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh 

      5 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you for a wonderful comment Twilight. Frankly, what I have written is quite true. You must read a very well researched book by Leonard Mosley titled "the Last days of the British Raj"

    • Twilight Lawns profile image

      Twilight Lawns 

      5 years ago from Norbury-sur-Mer, Surrey, England. U.K.

      A rather cynical view, my friend. India was the Jewel in the Crown, albeit an abused and raped Jewel (Please excuse my wobbly analogy) and I am sure that anybody who has any ties with India in this country would be horrified to learn that it was Britain's desire to "break" India.

      I am an Anglo Indian and in fact, also an Anglo Baluch, and this matter is very close to my heart. I am not politically motivated but my attachment is more emotional. "Breathes there the man with soul so dead..."

      Mountbatten was following his own agenda. The agenda of a vain and foolish person with a wife who had more intelligence and drive than he, and also had interests, as you no doubt will be well aware at the top of the political tree in the Sub Continent.

      Partition occurred in 1947, as an attempt by him to lose less face than he was at the hands of gossips and a certain Mr Nehru, but also to feed his vanity as the orchestrator of the success of the Burma Campaign.

    • MG Singh profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh 

      5 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you Twilight for your comment. We should not forget that Mountbatten was following the British agenda to break up India and he succeeded. I do not think there is any going back, except perhaps a further breakup of Pakistan with Sind and Baloochistan as separate entities.

    • Twilight Lawns profile image

      Twilight Lawns 

      5 years ago from Norbury-sur-Mer, Surrey, England. U.K.

      You are right. the "Family System" which almost compels people to vote for relative and friends etc., has held sway for far too long, but I know some middle class people who are tending to jettison those ideas, and think of a greater Pakistan. The movement it growing. Slowly, but it is growing.

      Frankly, if they had resolved their differences and had the time to do it by, say, 1949/1950 rather than having it bulldozed through with the help of that fool, Mountbatten, there may have been a chance of a very powerful and rich India incorporating Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Parsees, Christians and all the others.

      I still think of India as being what it was, rather than three autonomous states.

    • MG Singh profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh 

      5 years ago from Singapore

      Frankly Twilight, my knowledge of Pakistan is that men like Imran Khan will never come to power. Pakistan is too conservative and votes on feudal lines.

    • MG Singh profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh 

      5 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you Rajan

    • Twilight Lawns profile image

      Twilight Lawns 

      5 years ago from Norbury-sur-Mer, Surrey, England. U.K.

      Interesting hub.

      Is there ever the chance that a forward looking politician the likes of Imran Khan will ever be able to step in with a large enough mandate to take Pakistan into a better form of governance?

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Interesting assessment of the political scenario and Nawaz Sharif's times ahead.

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