ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Reservation Policy in India- ban or boon

Updated on February 24, 2015

The reservation policy is the policy taken by the government for the upliftment of socially and economically backward classes. The policy of reservation remained an integral part of Public policy of both the British and Princely India. The princely state of Mysore was the first to take note of representation of backward communities.

In British India reservations were provided for minorities. The Morle-Minto reforms of 1909 presented separate electorates for Muslims. The Communal award of 1932 provided representation for Muslims,Sikhs,Indian Christians, Anglo Christians etc.


However, after independance, the first law minister of India and the architect of Indian Constitution, Dr. B.B. Ambedkar has tried to make the Indian Constitution, cover all the citizens of India, as embodied in its preamble and relevant chapters on Fundamental Rights. However the Constitution also states, ' The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion,race, caste, place and birth or any form.'

Dr Ambedkar, was an economist, politician and social reformer who campaigned against social discrimination of dalits, untouchables and women. The feature of untouchability was a stigma to the social mobility in India. Born ,form the concept of purity and impurity, the untouchability prevailed in India for many centuries where some caste(communities) were regarded as untouchables .

Born in such an untouchable society, Ambedkar was denied access to education in School. However, in spite of the hardships of life , Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was able to become an emerging leader in his community and later the first law minister of India. He is also called the prime architect of Indian Constitution. He was a prolific student, earning a law degree and various doctorates from Columbia University and the London School of Economics and gained a reputation as a scholar for his research in law.


After independance from British dominion, India was found to be sinking under numerous socio-economic problems. For all-round development of the country, it was necessary to provide additional attention to the poverty stricken weaker section of the Indian society, the economically weak and politically deprived. These groups were identified and categorized as Scheduled Castes(SCs), Scheduled Tribes(STs) and Backward Classes.

The Scheduled caste belonged to the community who were placed at the bottom of its order-Shudras, They were called to serve the upper classes. On the other hand, the Scheduled Tribes were those tribal communities who failed to reap the benefit out of modern civilization.The Scheduled tribe is a homogenous group who lives in different parts of the country.

Reservation policy has its objective the uplift of Backward classes who were victims of the prevalent caste system in India, a nature unique to Indian society. There are three types of reservation policy-against political discrimination,reverse discrimination and compensatory discrimination. Positive reservation involves special treatment to those who are suceptible to exploitation. Reverse discrimination is of vindictive measure, which in other words means discrimination against those who had discriminated a particular class for decades. Compensatory discrimination involved adoption of measures to safeguard the interests of historically disadvantaged sections of people.

Ambedkar wanted constitutional basis for socialism. he put forward the proposal for safeguarding the liberty of the individual. regarding protection of Scheduled castes and Scheduled tribes, Ambedkar wanted to remove the social, economic and political and religious disabilities of the untouchables.

16.6% of population

After Independence, there was a great expansion in school and College education. By law, a certain portion of seats were reserved for the Scheduled castes. By policy, different State governments endowed scholarships for children from disadvantaged homes. According to one estimate, while the school participation doubled in the first decade of Independence, the number of Untouchables in school swelled eight or tenfold. There were many more Scheduled caste students at University than ever before.

The reservation policy of government also increased reservations in employment. There was a massive expansion after 1947, with new positions available in the Secretariat and in Government-run schools,hospitals,factories and infrastructure projects.

There was also reservation in Parliament and state assemblies, where 15% of all seats were filled by Scheduled Caste candidates. Besides, they could influence the outcome of the elections in the unreserved category as well.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)