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Subhas Bose: Did He Die in Air Crash or Escape to Russia?

Updated on December 11, 2017

Background

Subhas Bose was a leader in the Congress party. He was, however, a firebrand and believed in radical solutions to oust the Imperial power i.e the British.Gandhi wanted a non-confrontational approach and both men differed. In the 1938 session, Bose defeated the nominee of Gandhi for the party president post. Gandhi as an astute politician decided not to talk to Bose. He put this into effect by taking a vow of silence.Other leaders like Nehru and Patel who were stooges of Gandhi followed likewise. An exasperated Bose resigned and announced his vision to free India from British rule come what may.He formed his own splinter group called the "Forward Bloc".

Bose was put under house arrest in Calcutta, but he escaped and traveled via Moscow to Germany where he met Hitler. He stayed in Germany for 2 years and in 1943 was transferred by a German U-Boat to the Indian Ocean, where a Japanese Submarine awaited him. He was transferred in mid-ocean and spirited away to Tokyo, where he met the Japanese wartime leader General Hideki Tojo.


The Purported Death of Bose

In 1945 Japan surrendered after the dropping of the Atomic bombs. Bose was in Taiwan at that time. Bose at that time had two options. He could surrender to the British and be tried as a war criminal or he could escape to Russia and try to get the support of Stalin, for the liberation of India.

It was officially announced that Bose had died in an air crash and the government of India accepted this. In fact, the government ordered 3 Judicial commissions to investigate whether Bose really died in the air crash in Taiwan. The first 2 commissions accepted that Bose died in the air crash. The third commission headed by justice Mukherjee opined that Bose escaped the air crash and went away. The commission could not hazard a guess where he went.

The government of India at that time headed by the BJP leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee rejected the findings of the commission and stuck to the fact that Bose died in the air crash.

Do you feel Bose died in the air crash in 1945 ?

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Controversy is Re-ignited

The death of Bose and controversy surrounding it again gained fresh impetus when the government of Narendra Modi leaked two classified flies that brought to light that Nehru and the Congress party had kept the family of Subhas Chandra Bose under surveillance by the Intelligence Bureau for 20 years after the death of Bose.

The question is why Nehru and other Congress party leaders kept tabs on the family unless they had something to hide. Probably Nehru knew a lot more about Bose. Facts have now emerged that there was no plane crash in Taipei and this has been given in writing by the Nationalist Government of Taiwan. So if there was no crash, then what happened to Bose? where did he go? It is obvious that Bose himself faked his death to get the Allies of his back. Perhaps Nehru had a role in this entire episode.

Could Bose have Escaped to Russia ?

If Bose did not die in the air crash, as there there was no air crash, it is obvious he went somewhere. Now it appears that Bose escaped to Russia in a Japanese plane which made it to Manchuria. He is reported to have landed at an airfield controlled by Russia and taken to Moscow.

This was a grievous mistake as Stalin was unforgiving to anybody who had shaken the hand of Hitler and Tojo. Bose had thought that Stalin would side with him and help throw the British out of India.But in 1945 Russia and Britain were allies and there is every possibility that the British asked the Russians to imprison Bose.He was kept in Moscow for 17 months and then jailed in Siberia. He probably died in 1958/59. There are many who conjecture that Nehru was aware of this and made a pretense of Bose's death and commissions of inquiry.

It must also be remembered that Nehru was mortally scared of Bose, for in case he had come back he would have led India and Nehru would have been sidelined. Can one forget that Bose defeated Gandhi's nominee in 1938 Congress party elections for president.?



Latest update

The situation in the 21st century is quite murky as far as the death of Bose is concerned. The West Bengal government de-classified 64 files on Netaji( Bose) in September 2015 and are now in the public domain. Unfortunately, they do not resolve the mystery of the death of Bose. One fact does emerge that Nehru kept the entire Bose family under surveillance. Why? This is an intriguing question and there is every reason to believe that Nehru knew more than he revealed about Bose.

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    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      2 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      I will like to add that after the files on Bose were opened to public by Mamta Bannerjee in Bengal the mystery continues as still no light is available on the demise of Bose.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      thanks for commenting. Will post on FB

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      Sir, you can share this important information with Mr. Anuj Dhar(via Facebook).

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Yes, Its perhaps true. When I was in Russia recently a person who cannot be named here did mention that Bose died in Siberia and nehru was kept in picture. Even Subramanian Swamy the BJP leader has confirmed it

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      And not to forget Nehru, who is thought to have a hand in the assassination of Netaji.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Yes, the biggest culprit was Gandhi who refused to cooperate with Bose and declared he was on " Maun Vart" oath of silence when he met Bose.

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      Bose had won against the high command (Gandhi, Nehru, etc) within the Congress. That too twice. He became the Congress President fighting against Gandhi's candidate but he was disturbed again and again to work from within the party. Dirty politics, sir.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      But all said and done the Bengal Congress never projected Bose to the central high command. This is sad, in any case Bose was way ahead of BC Roy.

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      BC Roy was a great man. But he considered himself as equal to Bose. They were contemporary politicians. And why will he do anything at all, the Congress was always and still governed by their "high command". In a recent declassified file (worked out by Mr.Anuj Dhar), it was exposed that the Central and State Congress governments were spying on Bose's family from the 1940s to late 1960s! Just imagine! What fear the Nehrus had about Bose!

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      You are correct Souradip, but after independence for long Bengal was governed by Congress and yet the stalwarts like BC Roy did nothing.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Thank you besarien for your comment. Yes, the truth will come out, but Bose will always be remembered as a great fighter who was never scared of anything

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      Subhash Bose is remembered and loved by billions of Indians! He was a Bengali and West Bengal is out of mainstream Indian politics for long, this is a reason that the central Congress and BJP governments are less interested in him. The Congress has always defended Nehru whenever the clash between the former and Bose has been speculated. The recent BJP govt. has been doing nothing either, in declassifying the classified files on Bose. A mass movement is required or nothing will happen!

    • Besarien profile image

      Besarien 

      3 years ago

      Thank you for this bit of Indian history and mystery. If Bose did die in Siberia, the facts will eventually come out. If so, it is a very sad end for an Indian freedom fighter. However he did die he should be remembered and celebrated as someone who could not sit idly by and watch his people suffer. There are many possible paths to change and someone needs to be walking every one.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Thanks Souradip, we can only wait

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      hmm.. lets see what happens.. and hope for the best

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Chances of this are remote as in many other things also he has shown that he has feet of clay

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      I also had faith on Modi (maybe i still have). However, the comments of Rajnath Singh and others on this serious matter have been tremendously disappointing so far. Now, if Mr.Modi takes the initiative and shows some courage, we Indians will feel much grateful indeed!

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      yes Souradip, I agree with you, but I have little faith in Modi as well.

    • SouradipSinha profile image

      Souradip Sinha 

      3 years ago from Calcutta

      The main problem is, that the name of Netaji Subhash Bose neither goes well with the Congress nor is he directly connected with the BJP or its precursors. He is undoubtedly, by far, the most popular Indian Leader ever !! Mr. Anuj Dhar has been fighting for the declassification of secret Netaji files. Hope so he will succeed soon and the real image of the political Gods(gandhi,nehru,etc) of our country will be exposed. Jay Hind.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Yes, this dynasty has in a way ruined India, but Indians are foolish and have always voted for this dynasty.

    • Goodpal profile image

      Goodpal 

      3 years ago

      Now it is very clear that even after 1947, the colonial looters continue to influence Nehru government. Since Bose joined hands with forces fighting against Britain, they would not want Bose to return to India and be received as a hero. Nehru, of course, obliged his masters. For the same reason, Nehru dynasty never paid any attention to respect other Heroes like Bhagat Singh and elevate their status.

      The Nehru-Indira family is the best representative of White British who colonized India.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      yes I agree, I meant that Modi can help clean the air. He is the dynamic leader

    • Goodpal profile image

      Goodpal 

      3 years ago

      Not Modi, it is the Nehru dynasty that has to come clean - after ruling India for almost six decades!

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      Madan 

      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Dear Goodpal, thank you very much for appreciating mu hub. I also feel Modi must now come clean and make everything open. He is the only man who can do it.

    • Goodpal profile image

      Goodpal 

      3 years ago

      Glad to see someone write on this important topic. The British favored Nehru and his government did everything what the ex-masters wanted - discredit all nationalists like Bose. Mr Nehru, who claimed to "Hindu only by Birth" to taught his British friendly image, and his dynasty never did justice to real Heroes who fought not just against the colonial plunderers but also before them.

      Hope Modi and BJP will be able to restore the dignity of real "Sons of Soil."

      Thanks for writing this hub.

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