ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Dirt On Dry Cleaning Solvent

Updated on July 26, 2012
Source

Over the last several years, great strides have been made in identifying the toxicity of the chemicals ever present in our every day lives. There doesn't seem to be a day when we aren't hearing of yet another chemical or food that will pose hazards to our health. After awhile, it becomes tiresome. We start thinking that everything can't be that bad for us....or can it?

The latest topic to hit the news has to do with an industry to which no one gives much thought. Everyone needs clean clothes, right? Our employers expect us to come to the office in professional attire, replete with a well tailored and pressed suit. And yes, the crease in the slacks must be so sharp that you fear you may cut yourself if you're not careful. Then there are the drapes, collecting dust from season to season. We can't ignore spring cleaning. We gather our button down shirts, our tailored suits, and our dining room drapes and off to the dry cleaner we go, totally unaware of the toxic pollution to which we are contributing.

Most people don't know that sweet, wonderful smell on their freshly dry cleaned clothes is the smell of a dangerously toxic chemical solvent that causes a wide range of serious illnesses. Perchloroethylene (PCE) is also known as tetrachlorethene or tetrachlorethylene, and is the active ingredient used by most dry cleaners. It is also used in shoe polishes, paint strippers, car paint, degreasers, carpet cleaners, car cleaning products, and even electroplating.

The chemical often shows up in municiple water supplies, though it is more likely to collect in ground water or vaporize into the air. Because small businesses like neighborhood dry cleaners and auto repair garages are not legally required to report releases of PCE, contamination usually happens through the day to day routine use of the solvent. It is extremely difficult to clean up, requiring other toxic chemicals to degrade it into an easier substance to remove. Because of this, it can remain in the environment for years.

The ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) states that exposure to very high concentrations of the chemical can cause dizziness, headaches, sleepiness, confusion, nausea, difficulty in speaking and walking, unconsciousness and death. It has been found in 771 of the National Priorities List sites which have been identified by the EPA. It is in a class of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC's) which cause disruption of the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. Disruption of these neurotransmitters is the cause of conditions such as schizophrenia, depression, bi-ploar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and ADHD.

A research report published in November, 2011 in “Annals of Neurology”, confirmed previous evidence that exposure to certain chemical solvents, one of which is PCE, significantly increases the risk of Parkinson's Disease.

It's been estimated that about 90% of the pollution caused by PCE resides in the air, though it's also found in soil and water. Humans are exposed to it through air, soil, water, and though it's not absorbed well by the skin, it can cause irritation due to its “defatting” behaviors (breaks down fat/grease). Usually humans are exposed to breathing PCE by bringing home recently dry cleaned clothing, or from living close to a dry cleaner, manufacturer, or repair shop. Ingestion occurs through contaminated drinking water. Once PCE finds its way into a person's blood, it is transported to fatty tissue, the kidneys, liver, or to the lungs to be exhaled. Those working in jobs where PCE is widely used, may expose their families to contamination through exhaling it into the home environment.

Since it's known to concentrate in breast milk, nursing babies of contaminated mothers will also become exposed to it through ingestion. Neurotoxins, such as PCE, have been established as a cause of brain damage to developing fetuses of exposed mothers. In two different studies, it was concluded that women who were exposed to the chemical took longer to become pregnant and were 2-5 times more likely to suffer miscarriage.

So what can we do to reduce this type of pollution and protect ourselves from exposure. Well, for one thing, there are alternatives to dry cleaning. Wool can be handwashed with mild soap and tepid water, and then stretched to it's original size and laid flat to dry, out of sunlight. Rayon can also be hand washed in cool water with soap and then rolled in a towel to remove excess water. Do not twist or wring the garment as it will ruin it's shape and fabric. Silk, too, can be hand washed in cool water. Again, don't wring out. Hang and allow the weight of the water to pull the wrinkles out. Any remaining wrinkles can be removed by hanging for a few moments in a steamy shower, or using a low temperature setting on the iron. If you must get something dry cleaned, keep your car well ventilated on the drive home from the cleaners. Don't take the garment directly inside. Remove the plastic covering the garment before hanging it to “air out” for several hours before bringing it inside.

When it comes to cleaning your carpet or upholstery, rent a “steam vac”. Carpet cleaners use PCE. Steam cleaners do not. Cleaning a car can be a chore due to the grease and grime that can accumulate on the dash board, on the inside of the doors, on the windshield. Try using regular vinegar. It will cut through dirt, grease, and grime the same as without the cancer causing agent of PCE. And finally, don't forget to use a water filter. If you own your home, install a filter on your incoming water pipe. If renting, you can purchase relatively inexpensive systems that will fit right onto your water faucet.

If this issue is important to you, please pass on the information by clicking on the Tweet, Like, or +1 buttons provided at the top of the page. We can make a difference one click at a time!

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

      Wesman Todd Shaw 

      6 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

      LOL!

      I'm ....I wish certain folks would come over here and see this - they'd have to rationalize their corporate worship and explain things away.

    • Terri Meredith profile imageAUTHOR

      Terri Meredith 

      6 years ago from Pennsylvania

      LMAO!!!! I'm soooo sorry. I lost my head for a minute. My apologies!

    • Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

      Wesman Todd Shaw 

      6 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

      AYN RAND WOULDN'T APPROVE OF IT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      STOP BEING ANTI BUSINESS!!!! BUSINESSES ARE PEOPLE!

    • Terri Meredith profile imageAUTHOR

      Terri Meredith 

      6 years ago from Pennsylvania

      I find it even more tiresome to keep discovering that there is so little effort made to curb and monitor possible spills and leakages. Ever stop to think just how many dry cleaning establishments are operating throughout the US? I can't find a single legitimate reason for not requiring them to report leaks and spills..can you?

    • Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

      Wesman Todd Shaw 

      6 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

      WOW! I can't say that I'd ever thought about this subject, but nothing much surprises me anymore.

      Gosh, where is the balance? How can we live happily if we are forever having to worry about such things?

      I dunno.....

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)