ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The U.S. Cabinet - The President’s Advisors

Updated on June 19, 2013
This photo, taken in July 2012, shows President Barrack Obama's Cabinet.
This photo, taken in July 2012, shows President Barrack Obama's Cabinet. | Source

By Joan Whetzel

The United States President has always had a set of advisors known as the Cabinet, which was established by the US Constitution. The President’s Cabinet consists of the Vice President, and the Secretaries (appointed department heads) of the 15 departments of the Federal Government. They are known as the Secretary of:

  1. The State Department
  2. The Treasury Department
  3. The Department of Defense (DOD)
  4. The Department of Justice
  5. The Department of the Interior
  6. The Department of Agriculture
  7. The Department of Commerce
  8. The Department of Labor
  9. The Department of Health and Human Services
  10. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  11. The Department of Transportation (DOT)
  12. The Department of Energy
  13. The Department of Education
  14. The Department of Veterans Affairs
  15. The Department of Homeland Security

The Cabinet positions are listed in this order because the departments were created in this order and because this list also represents the order of succession should anything happen to the President, Vice President, and Speaker of the House (next in line after the Vice President).

The Cabinet Set Up and Responsibilities

Cabinet members are nominated by the president (prior to taking the oath of office or when replacing an outgoing secretary) and must undergo a rigorous investigation process by the Senate before being approved and taking their own oath of office. Each Cabinet member acts as a liaison between the department he or she represents and the President, advising the President on issues that involve that department. The people working in each of these departments work for the US Government, not for the Secretary of that Department, and so they will remain in their jobs even though there is a change in Presidents or appointments of Cabinet members.

  1. Secretary of State

· Carries out diplomatic duties.

· Responsible for foreign affairs tasks.

· Speaks for the President in his absence at UN and international functions.

· Organizes meetings with foreign leaders and diplomatic officials.

· Establishes treaties and other contract arrangements between the US and other countries.

· Defends the safety of US citizens travelling abroad.

  1. Secretary of the Treasury

· Controls the nation’s money as well as being in charge of the national debt.

· Advises the President about domestic affairs, economic policy, and tax issues.

· Oversees the Secret Service, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICD), the US Post Office (USPS), the US Treasury, and Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

  1. Secretary of Defense (DOD)

· Equips the armed forces with supplies, education and security.

· Administers the pay and benefits to the military.

· Responsible for locating MIAs and POWs.

· Oversees the more than 700,000 civilians employed by the DOD.

4. Secretary of Justice (DOJ)

· Heads up the Department of Justice.

· Chief legal counsel for the US and the President.

· Oversees the FBI.

· In charge enforcement of Federal laws and criminal prosecution of Federal crimes.

· Oversees immigration and naturalization policy.

· Supports competitive business ventures.

· Responsible for consumer protection issues.

  1. Secretary of the Interior (DOI)

· Accountable for the care of the nation’s natural resources, especially water, land, coal, oil, natural gas, and wildlife issues.

· Administers removal of natural resources.

· Oversees environmental protection issues.

· Directs issues that concern Native Americans.

  1. Secretary of Agriculture

· Oversees farming, crops, food safety, and US food supply,

· Supervises the food stamp and poverty programs.

· Responsible for conservation of US national resources and the US Forest Service, national parks, park rangers, and park firefighters.

· Oversees the US Department of Agriculture.

  1. Secretary of Commerce

· Oversees the purchase and sales of goods and commodities.

· Responsible for foreign trade.

· Accountable for the granting of patent goods.

· Supplies analysis and statistics to government planners.

  1. Secretary of Labor

· Responsible for the protection of workers and making sure working environments are save and fair.

· Ensures minimum wage and overtime pay requirements are met.

· Oversees unemployment, unemployment benefits, and job banks for the unemployed.

· Provides safe, fair working conditions for elderly workers, minorities, and disabled workers.

  1. Secretary of Health and Human Services

· Supervises over 300 programs related health and medicine including Medicare, Medicaid, medical research, and infectious diseases.

· Oversees social services and substance abuse programs.

  1. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

· Assures access to safe, affordable housing.

· Responsible for making sure home mortgages are insured through the Fannie May and Freddie Mac programs.

· Assures home construction and home improvement loans are available for elderly and handicapped citizens.

· Manages Federal subsidies for low and moderate income families.

  1. Secretary of Transportation (DOT)

· Oversees US roads and transportation infrastructures.

· Responsible for passenger vehicle safety (cars, buses, trucks, planes, trains, and boats).

· Supervises US ports and waterways.

· Oversees oil and gas pipeline infrastructures and safety.

  1. Secretary of Energy (DOE)

· Ensures uninterrupted supplies of safe energy.

· Oversees the development of alternative sources of energy (wind, wave, solar).

  1. Secretary of Education

· Oversees the US public school system.

· Provides school supplies for students.

· Provides qualified teachers in classrooms across the country.

· Encourages parental involvement in schools.

· Supplies financial assistance for education where it is needed.

· Encourages technology in the classroom.

  1. Secretary of Veterans Affairs

· Supervises the Veterans Administration.

· Oversees veterans services including health care, social services support, benefits and pensions.

· Supports the hiring of veterans.

Secretary of Homeland Security

· Manages all programs dealing with protection of the US against terrorist attacks.

· Oversees emergency preparedness programs.

· Coordinates the response of the US to emergencies that may happen in the future.

· Manages agencies that analyze intelligence reports on potential threats to the US.

· Supervises border security, airport security, and the protection of the national security infrastructures.

The President’s Cabinet members are responsible for knowing how the departments they represent operate and what they can accomplish. They must also advise the President on ways their departments can be changed or updated and how their department resources and the nation’s resources can be optimized. After decisions have been made by the President and the Cabinet members, the information is distributed to the appropriate Departments and the Secretaries are then responsible for making sure these new policies are organized and implemented within a realistic time frame.


The White House. The Cabinet.

Making the Difference: Cabinet Departments and What They Do

Ben's Guide: The President's Cabinet

Fact Monster: The President's Cabinet

Teacher Vision: The US President's Cabinet

Netage: US Government Cabinet Positions and Nominees

Academic Kids: United States Cabinet

Country Studies: The Executive Departments

Country Studies: The Cabinet

What does the President's Cabinet do? - U.S. Citizenship Test


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • ib radmasters profile image

      ib radmasters 

      5 years ago from Southern California


      How did the last cabinet do objectively, compared to what were their job duties, and maybe even compare it to their predecessor.

      How else can we know if they fulfilled their duties.

    • joanwz profile imageAUTHOR

      Joan Whetzel 

      5 years ago

      ib radmasters, I don't about info on how past secretaries have performed. I'll have to check on that one.

    • agusfanani profile image


      5 years ago from Indonesia

      An interesting and informative hub.

    • ib radmasters profile image

      ib radmasters 

      5 years ago from Southern California

      Interesting list and duties.

      Is there some information on how well these secretaries did their duties.

      Maybe even a list of accomplishments?


    • rfmoran profile image

      Russ Moran - The Write Stuff 

      5 years ago from Long Island, New York

      A well done resource for anyone who is interested in government affairs.

      good job Joan.

    • joanwz profile imageAUTHOR

      Joan Whetzel 

      5 years ago

      Thanks carol7777 and SkeetyD. Much appreciated.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      A very informative hub. Most people probably didn't know what these people did or what their responsibilities are. Thank you for the information.

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 

      5 years ago from Arizona

      Well researched hub and I think many of us don't really know the duties of these leaders. thanks for a concise and well written hub. Voting up, sharing and bookmarking so I can read it again.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)