ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Film, Tears of Tibet

Updated on February 1, 2012

The Film, Tears of Tibet by Windhorse on YouTube

Presented by Windhorse on YouTube

Found this valuable underground film, "The Tears of Tibet" on YouTube and wanted to diseminate it through this medium. If you would like to comment, please contact:

From Tibet Information Network

Border shootings and travel restrictions

"In September 2006, the shooting by border guards of a 17-year old nun, known as Kelsang Namtso, close to the Nangpa pass on the Tibet-Nepal border has attracted international media attention. Beyond this individual incident, the plight of Tibetans illegally crossing the border to Nepal has been an issue for decades. Many Tibetans want to travel to Nepal and in particular India, where their exiled leader the Dalai Lama lives. However, given that this raises the disapproval and suspicion of the Chinese authorities, many obstacles impede Tibetans from obtaining legitimate travel documents. As with many other governance issues in Tibet, this has led to the emergence of a grey zone in which criminality, arbitrariness and corruption thrive. Consequently, Tibetans often see no choice but to cross the border without adequate documentation and, in the process, risk considerable hardship and danger. Unless the authorities bring their practices into line with the laws of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and allow Tibetans unrestricted mobility, regardless of the purpose of their travels, the situation is not likely to improve.

According to PRC laws, Tibetans, as all Chinese citizens, are entitled to travel abroad if they wish; in practice though, discriminatory restrictions prevent them from actually doing so. These restrictions are not directly applied along ethnic lines. Tibetans who apply for travel documents from a location in the Chinese mainland, e.g. students who want to study abroad, do not face any more difficulties than other Chinese citizens. However, applying for travel documents within Tibetan regions of the PRC as a Tibetan is far more difficult. Though this indicates the political rather than racial nature of the discrimination, it also highlights the ongoing predominance of political considerations and alleged security issues over the rule of law, a situation which creates policy ambiguities and hence corruption. The situation is worst in the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) where government control is the tightest.

The Chinese authorities have not implemented a formal ban consistently restricting any kind of contact with the Dalai Lama or any of the exile institutions (this would anyway hardly be practicable without a general travel ban on ethnic Tibetans). However, they are still anxious to maintain strict control over such contacts and are particularly keen to refute any impression that they are incapable of policing their borders or that Tibetans strive to leave China. Consequently, those caught passing the border illegally are subjected to much harsher treatment than those known to have travelled to India legally, even though their contacts with the Dalai Lama and exiles are tacitly understood. For example, business people, even from the TAR, generally face far fewer difficulties in getting passports and travel documents, even though the Chinese authorities know that most of them use the opportunity offered by formal visits to Nepal to clandestinely travel on to India to attend religious functions or to have audiences with the Dalai Lama. In recent years, the Chinese authorities discretely experimented with a more liberal border crossing policy and passed an agreement with Nepal allowing Tibetans living close to the frontier to informally cross over for a limited period of time, mainly for business purposes. However, the experiment stopped when the Chinese authorities realised that most of them took the opportunity to travel to India, using facilities provided by the UN commissariat for refugees and the then Dalai Lama Office in Kathmandu.

Though there does not seem to be a formal policy regarding the issuing of passports, long-term observations indicate that in practice, elements such as the age, social status and location of Tibetans willing to travel determine whether they get the necessary documents. Older lay people from Tibetan regions outside the TAR have the best chance, although even they might be asked to provide a security deposit of several thousand Yuan to obtain the documents. This ensures that they or their families risk being penalised if they fail to return. Young people and clerics find it most difficult to legally obtain travel documents, particularly if they live in the TAR. In this context, the shooting of Kelsang Namtso, believed to be a young nun from Nagchu, is a case in point.

In Gansu for instance, the procedure to get a passport is comparatively easy, at least if the person has a letter of invitation from a country other than India (obviously a very strongly limiting factor). The official fees for the procedure are only 300 Yuan (€30; UK£20; US$39), but it involves dealing with a string of offices. This requires that applicants speak and write Chinese well enough to find their way through the bureaucracy, pass the interviews and fill in the necessary forms, all of which are considerable hurdles for the average Tibetan. Applying for a passport in Lhasa is currently impossible without excellent ‘connections’ within the bureaucracy and the payment of ‘gifts’ in the range of 3-4,000 Yuan (€298-398; UK£197-262; US$387-515) - conditions which only a selected few are able to fulfil. Obtaining travel documents for children is nearly impossible all over Tibet.

Tibetans who arrive in India without proper documentation can be roughly divided in two groups: half are pilgrims and the other half children sent for schooling, mostly by their parents. Generally, pilgrims intend to return to Tibet in the near future, for which they will have to make another illegal border crossing, again facing the danger of being caught. The movement of large numbers of children is a particularly tragic aspect of the border crossing issue. Religious motivations are only a partial reason for parents to send their children to ‘Dalai Lama schools’. Much more pressing are economic and administrative issues faced by the parents, which are symptomatic of contemporary Tibet. These parents are mostly impoverished migrants to Lhasa from rural regions, particularly eastern and northern Tibet (Sichuan, Gansu, Qinghai) who cannot afford to pay school fees. Being migrants they do not posses local registration cards (Chin: hukou; Tib: temtho), a legacy of the old communist system, which has largely become obsolete, since Tibetans from all over Tibetan regions can now live in Lhasa or anywhere else. However, without a local temtho, it is practically impossible to get a steady occupation. This leaves most migrants who had come to Lhasa for a better life with a menial job or running a small business, both of which offer only a poor income (Chinese from the mainland, however, can get good office jobs comparatively easily). Furthermore, although regulations for nine-year compulsory education have been passed, the government has to provide places in schools only for families who have a local temtho. Without a temtho, admission, if possible at all, is very expensive (middle schools can cost 2,500 Yuan (€249; UK£164; US$322) per semester, high schools more). There is a close reciprocal relationship between temtho and office jobs; a temtho can be purchased from a neighbourhood committee for 3,000 Yuan (€298; UK£197; US$387), provided one has a job in a government or a comparable office, but getting such a job without a temtho is very difficult. The alternative is to get a temtho 'informally', which involves costs of 20 to 30,000 Yuan (€1,989-2,983; UK£1,311-1,967; US$2,577-3,866), having 'connections', and giving 'gifts' to administrative staff. Since this is obviously beyond the means of most migrants, they generally cannot afford to send their children to school in Tibet. Hence many opt for the alternative of sending them clandestinely to India for which they will have to pay about 4,000 Yuan (€398; UK£262; US$515), and where they know their children will be looked after by exiled Tibetans.

According to sources inside Tibet, the central Chinese authorities convened a meeting in Lhasa a few weeks after the lethal shooting of Kelsang Namtso in order to express their disapproval over the incident. It is questionable, however, to what extent the central authorities would acknowledge their own policies towards Tibetans as at least the indirect cause of such incidents. A recent report by the International Campaign for Tibet (ICT) mentions a further case in which border guards shot at a group of Tibetans attempting to cross the border in 2005. But, as the Dalai Lama remarked in a short TV interview a few days after the Nangpa shooting: "This has been going on for decades". The fact that the shooting of Kelsang Namtso was documented on video makes it unique. However, reports from refugees, Nepalese border guards, foreign diplomats and local people indicate that such incidents of shooting are in fact quite common, though it is impossible to know how many of them have lethal outcomes. Border crossings take place at night in extreme conditions which also claims its own death toll. There are many well-documented reports by Tibetans arriving in Nepal and India who have witnessed the bodies of those who did not survive the cold and the duress of one of the most inhospitable environments on the planet."

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 

      8 years ago from malang-indonesia

      This is great movie. I'll find more the information about this movie. good work

    • Guru-C profile imageAUTHOR

      Cory Zacharia 

      11 years ago

      Please Help Free the Panchen Lama and Tenzin Delek Rinpoche. This letter by Larry Gerstein

      President, International Tibet Independence Movement will explain how:

      Hello,

      Please read this letter urging everyone to help in the effort to free the Panchen Lama and Tenzin Delek Rinpoche. Kindly forward to as many people as possible.

      In light of the 48th Anniversary of the Tibetan Uprising in Lhasa on March 10th, I want to respectfully encourage you to take action on behalf of Gendhun Choekyi Nyima (The Panchen Lama), and Tenzin Delek Rinpoche. You can do this by sending an email from this website link:

      www.rangzen.org/new/campaign

      This email will go to Consul General Xu Jinzhong of The People's Republic of China's Consulate in Chicago. This message will strongly urge him to help release The Panchen Lama, Chadrel Rinpoche, and Tenzin Delek Rinpoche. Please send your message from today until March 24.You can also join the effort to release The Panchen Lama by supporting the Ambert Alert Campaign found at:

      http://tashilhunpo.org/amber_alert

      Finally, if you have a website, please consider creating a link to our monthly Panchen Lama and Tenzin Delek Rinpoche email campaign (www.rangzen.org).

      We could send you an image to use for this link or you can simply create something yourself.

      As always, thank you for considering our appeal and please ask others to consider our appeal as well.

      Tashi Delek!

      Larry Gerstein

      President, International Tibet Independence Movement

      PO Box 592

      Fishers, Indiana 46037

      USA

      http://www.rangzen.org

      rangzen@aol.com

    • Guru-C profile imageAUTHOR

      Cory Zacharia 

      11 years ago

      Thank you so much, Hedgeek. Your comments and support mean a lot to me.

    • hedgeek profile image

      hedgeek 

      11 years ago from Low Earth Orbit

      Good discovery Guru-C, it is important to let everyone know about the plight of the people of Tibet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)