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- Environment & Green Issues
Protect Our Environment - Things you can do.
Lets be responsible as an individual, an organization, a company and as a nation.
Starting from the home, as an Individual you can do the following;
1. Reuse, Recycle, Reduce. If you can reuse an empty bottle, packet or box or turn it into something useful, that would be great for the environment. eg.
- Use a reusable bag or reuse old plastic bags for your shopping instead of using the plastic bags at the shop.
- Use shopping bags as rubbish bin liners instead of using garbage bags.
- Build a new home with used material.
- Collect and sell aluminium cans to recycling companies.
- use clothe diapers instead of disposal diapers.
- Use less paper. When printing, print on both sides of the paper. Remove unnecessary information from your document and only print what is necessary. Reduce the size of your font so you can fit a document on one page rather than two pages.Do not print large documents. If you need them, save documents on Use CD/DVD, external drives and usb.
- Reduce water use. Do not let the tap run while you brush your teeth. Share a bath with someone or reduce your time under the shower. Use the waste water from the kitchen sink or laundry to water your garden, wash your car on the lawn so that the waste water can also water the lawn.
2. Lifestyle change. Make some chances to the way you do things. For examples;
- Ride a bicycle or use public transport to go to work
- Allocate a day each week as a car free day.
- Plant as many trees as you can around your unit, house or property.
- Use energy efficient lights bulbs.
- Use solar energy instead of electrical energy.
- Replace plastic wraps with storage containers with lids.
- Use non disposable products (eg. a mug) instead of disposable ones (a plastic cup)
- Walk to a nearby grocery store instead of driving.
- Dry clothes out in the sun instead of using tumble driers.
- Do not throw non degradable waste out of a moving vehicle.
- in winter, wear warm sweaters and use less heat from heaters.
3. Avoid Destructive Habits eg.
- Avoid cutting down trees to make charcoal or gardens.
- Do not burn forest or grass.
- Do not use explosive or chemicals and natural tubers to starve fish of oxygen eg. cyanide fishing.
- Do not discharge sewer directly into water ways or oceans.
- When fishing, hunting take only what you can eat. Do not take the small one or more than necessary.
- Avoid throwing non biodegradable waste overboard ships, boats, canoes and any other water crafts.
- Do not liter.
3. Be involved
- Join or support environmental groups such as Greenpeace, Nature Conservation Inc. and Friends of the Earth etc.
- Take part in activities on world environment days eg. plant a tree.
- Report pollution, littering and illegal dumping.
- Have your say in Environmental Impact Assessment for any major developments
and as a Company or Organisation
1. Be responsible at corporate level.
- Integrate policies for environmental management and monitoring into overall company policies
- Use Environmental Management Systems eg. ISO14001.
- Publicise company environmental reports, quarterly, yearly or as often as required.
- Allocate sufficient resources for environmental management and monitoring.
- Promote and support environmental awareness programmes and initiative within the workplace and the community.
- respond to community concerns on environmental issues.
- best management practices should be adopted to control environmental changes.
2. Design and produce environmentally friendly products
- eg. produce cars that runs on solar power or electricity.
- Develop alternate fuel energy eg.convert bio-waste (human waste or animal feaces) to produce gas for cooking
- produce wind mills to generate clean energy.
- Develop transport systems that use clean fuel. eg. use electric train instead of coal powered.
- Use biodegradable material to package products
- use less packaging.
- produce effective chemicals (dispersant) to break down oil on water.
- produce lead free petrol for cars.
- installing efficient scrubbers to remove sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon dioxide from industrial effluents going into the air.
3. Recycle/Reduce/Reuse by limit amount of wastage, reuse material or recycle where possible eg.
- convert humans waste into fertilizers.
- treat waste water for reuse in homes.
- buy back used ink cartridges and refill.
- buy back soft-drink bottles and reuse or make new bottles.
- reconditioned used tyres
- use waste water to create wet lands for birds and other animals.
- recycle waste paper to produce new paper, boxes, packing materials etc.
- reduce or ban use of CFC in products.
4. Sustainable Practices
- Extract resources (eg. logs, minerals, oil & gas) from the land without causing too much disturbance to the land, water ways, air and the lives of people.
- Harvest resources (fish, crustaceans, sea cucumbers, seaweeds) from the sea without causing too much harm. eg. only harvest what you need instead of using dredge net so you pick up every other thing on the ocean floor or long nets so every other creature gets got in the nets.
- Do not encourage non environmentally friendly activities, eg. buying charcoal in tonnes or truckloads..
- Large agriculture or farming activities should adopt environmentally sound practises eg.use less chemical pesticides and fertilisers and plant trees along the perimeter of their properties.
- Abide by the limits set in environmental permits such as water use permits, waste disposable permits, sewage discharge permits etc.
- Have control of what goes into the storm water drains, directly into streams, rivers and the air from the industries by monitoring.
and as a COUNTRY do the following;
- Develop and implement stringent environmental protection laws, policies, regulations, guidelines and standards to protect the air, sea, land, animal and human health.
- Ensure laws are available to prosecute those who fail to comply.
- Establish and support authoritative bodies eg. Department of Environment & Conservation or Environmental Protection Agencies, Office of Climate Change to ensure compliance and enforce laws and regulations.
- Have control over how natural resources are used. Issue permits and licences to extract resources eg. mining permit, hunting permit, water use permit, fishing, logging and ensure that the activities comply with the contents of the permit.
- Have control of what is discharged into the environment by issuing permits eg. sewage disposal permit, tailings disposal permits, mine waste disposal permit, carbon discharge permits and ensure that the activities comply with the requirements in the permits.
- Work together with neighbouring countries, states, private firms and organisations and Non Government Organisations to develop plans and combat environmental issues of national or regional significance eg. climate change, biodiversity conservation, land degradation, ozone layer depletion etc
- To ensure there is biodiversity in plants and animals by funding research programmes and management projects for this purpose eg. in National Parks and Wildlife services.
- Observe the importance of days like '''The World Environment Day" .
- Encourage and promote eco-tourism which may be also an area of responsibility for the National Parks and Wildlife Services.