ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Colonel Gaddafi

Updated on August 30, 2017

Colonel Mummar Gaddafi

Mummar Gaddafi served as the de facto head of state of Libya for 42 years. At the time of his death he was the longest serving African head of state, as well as the world's longest serving non-royal head of state. He was respected throughout Africa, but his legacy is further tarnished by the civil war during the remainder of his reign, when he fired on his own people. Gaddafi was one of four dictators to fall from power during the Arab Spring. In 2008 the Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index, ranked Libya 159th out of 167. In 2011 (the year of Gaddafi's death) it was upgraded to 125th.

"I am an international leader, the dean of the Arab rulers, the king of kings of Africa and the imam of Muslims, and my international status does not allow me to descend to a lower level."

Biography

Colonel Gaddafi seized power in a coup at the age of 27 in 1969, overthrowing the aging King Idris. He gave himself the title of 'Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution in Libya'.

Colonel Gaddafi was a strong advocate of a federal African Union. He believed there should be a common currency for all 53 African states, a passport to allow people to travel amongst all the countries and a unifed army. In 2009 he was elected chairman of the African Union. In a ceremony over 200 traditional leaders and african royalty crowned him the 'the King of traditional kings of Africa"'. Rumours persist that his ultimate goal was to have Libya as the centre of the African Union, with himself as the King of Africa. His AU chairmanship was criticised as it was felt to damage the reputation of the institution. His attempt to secure another one year term in 2010 failed.

In 2008, whilst on holiday in Switzerland, Colonel Gaddafi's youngest son was arrested for assaulting two members of his staff. He was later bailed. Gaddafi promptly cancelled oil supplies to Libya, banned issuing visas to Swiss nationals, withdrew billions of dollars from swiss banks and recalled Libyan diplomats from Switzerland. He later called for a holy war against the country and urged all Muslims to boycott it. In 2009 he attempted to launch a UN resolution to 'abolish' Switzerland and divide the country up amongst its neighbours (the resolution was rejected).

Gaddafi's 40 years in power was celebrated in 2009. Extravagant celebrations were held. No western leader attended apart from the Prime Minister of Malta. State tv showed endless clips of the 'knight's' great achievements.

A civil war raged through Libya in 2011. Despite rumours that he would flee to Venezula Gaddafi stayed and fought. Following Western Military Intervention Gaddafi was shot dead.

After his death it was revealed that Gaddafi was worth over $200 billion dollars. This made him three times wealthier than Carlos Slim - the man officially recognised as the wealthiest man in the world.

War debate

Was Obama right to send troops into Libya?

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)