ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Does Freedom Really Exist?

Updated on June 26, 2018

We are mechanical beings…

In the metaphysical world our minds, desires and actions are also somehow mechanical. Perhaps choices are not made at all and actions have a physical cause.

German idealists differed as there might be a spiritual reasoning to our banal reality hence not just a cause-and-effect pinball board experience.This idealism rejected a mechanical worldview but did not recognize individual freedom within their impersonal conceptions of reality. Hegel thought everything was caused by history working itself out while Schopenhauer believed that everything came down to blind, depersonalized will. It is evident in both views that personal will is marginalized and the hapless individual does not have much control in their lives.

Philosophers began placing more emphasison individual and group freedom during the mid- and late nineteenth century. Freedom and control became a common theme amongst philosophers such as John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx and Soren Kierkegaard and Friederich Nietzche.

They did, however, have different views on determinism which is the idea of individual’s actions have to happen the way they do. The outcome would be typically governed by natural laws, a divine plan or human nature which is ultimately incompatible with the personal freedom initiative.

Inspired by the original empiricists, mechanical determinism, an example of this view, states that everything is caused by something. This would grossly undermine the concept of free will and the empiricists would painstakingly explain how people’s actions can be free and causes aligned to their actions aligned to their actions resulted in self-realization.

Another form of determinism evolved suggesting that social or intellectual forces govern our actions. These philosphies certainly did not consider the individual to have much control over teir lives yet Marx and Hegel saw people as becoming increasingly free through the course of history.

Is freedom simply happiness?

British John Stuart believed that all things have causes and although human beings have free will human actions are inevitable. He developed the utilitarian view: an approach that accepts any action to be good if it leads to human happiness.

According to Mill, the more freedom you have, the happier you will be. We should pursue our own happiness as long as these attempts do not interfere with the happiness of others.

Critics argued that the pursuit of justice is more importantas it will not be observed in its purest form once everybody tries to make themselves happy.

Mill delivered a riposte stating that the idea of justice depends on happiness and is an ultimately more important consideration than justice. In fact, happiness will not prove to obstruct justice but assist in making the whole idea of justice possible.

There was, however, no means of distinquishing between the kinds of happiness or explaining how people can make them happy.

Mill then made a distinction between “higher” and “lower pleasures” and stated that we will learn to appreciate these higher pleasures once we have experienced them. People will subsequently pursue cultural activities for the sake of enjoyment.

Striving towards economic freedom

Karl Marx expanded on Hegel’s view of history as a process that leads to increased freedom as time progresses. Unlike Hegel, Marx was alluding to political and economic freedom.

Although Marx was a determinist to some extent he believed that the way people live is determined by the “relations of production”. Hence, our quality of life is determined by how we use our resources we have available. However, religion, philosophy and popular belief reflect a society’s power structure and we are usually compelled to fit in with that culture.

Marx envisioned the death of capitalism that would lead to a revolution that would evoke “the worker’s paradise” which is simply a communist form of government that would ensure freedom for everybody.

Capitalism would collapse as the disenfranchised masses would eventually overthrow the system and replace it with a system in which money becomes a secondary currency.

According to Marx, freedom is the ability to take pride in your work, not in the worth and amount of your possessions. This pride does not exist under capitalism and called these labourers working for others as “alienated labour”. The real problem is that communist revolutions were not inspired by workers but by political activists.

What does freedom mean to you?

The dream of freedom should inspire all of us

Source

Freedom is understanding how important we are

Soren Kierkegaard developed a philosophy based on the importance of the individual and individual choice. Kierkegaard essentially objected to the philosophy of Hegel due to his impersonal approach. Hegel’s thinking was apparently so abstract that it ignored personal experience and the way in which we live our lives.

It was especially important for us to have a meaningful existence and meaning emanates from whether or not people sense that their lives have a permanent significance. However, this importance may seem temporary to most people.

Friederich Nietzsche, like Kierkegaard, believed that the individual is especially important. Individuality is indefinable and any attempt at a definition would place limits on it. The individual thus becomes something better than what we think as an individual. This superior individual became known as the “superman” or ubermensche.

Furthermore, Nietzsche explained that we cannot be objective about paving the way toward the superman.

In contrast, he identified what he called “the herd” who are those average people who like to stick together and think and act alike. They feel safe here but this herd mentality limits your possibilities in life. The herd will ultimately prevent you from creating new ways of thinking and acting. Resisting this mentality will pave the way for the superman introducing new possibilities for living.

What is Freedom?

What is your definition of freedom?

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Engelta profile image

      Engelis 

      4 years ago from Albania

      We would like to think so, and we really use the word and concept of freedom a lot.. but in reality, in the bare reality, we are not free.

      We have someone above us, we all fear something, we all fear losing someone, our actions are detected by rules, laws, or worse: the mentality of the society, what others think of use.

      We are obsessed with technology, and social media, and the latest fashion, the most expensive brands.. and so on and so forth.

      We love to believe we own freedom, we own our life choices, but in fact we do not... and that is sad.

    • someonewhoknows profile image

      someonewhoknows 

      4 years ago from south and west of canada,north of ohio

      Interesting ideas to be sure!

      Freedom is limited in some ways by knowledge or the lack of it.

      What is freedom to one may not be freedom to another.

      I might feel free to limit your freedom and you mine.

      Freedom for all in the strict sense of the word is by definition limited.

      Freedom for all in a broad sense is possible but limited.

      So,freedom may need to be redefined and spelled differently!

      FREE & DUMB. or FREE FOR ME & YOU UM

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)