Fight Against Poverty and Climate Change are Dual Challenges for Developing Countries
A farmer living in Kerala farmed below his poverty line and lived below the poverty line. Taking advantage of the government's Mudra Yojana, he started raising chickens on his small farm through credit and the economic situation became relatively better. But flash floods caused by heavy rains in Kerala last year damaged his entire capital and farm and forced him to live below the poverty line again. Yes, the government provided relief but it will take more time to reach. When it may not reach, it is important to think that poverty and sustainable change are intertwined in developing countries.
Developing countries like India, where a quarter of the population cannot live below the poverty line, need to be included in the mainstream to develop. Inclusive development is needed. Which can be used in the development of the country. We discuss the growing burden on the country's resources from poverty.
The census so far shows that the poor have a higher birth rate, which means they give birth to more children per mother. The daily needs of the growing population are increase demand for food, water, shelter, clothing, etc. The responsibility of doing enough of which also falls on the resources of the country and the government. To combat this, the government provides cheap food grains, oil, pulses through BPL cards every year, and spends on schemes like Antyodaya Awas Yojana to make houses for all, etc.
Unemployment and illiteracy are also on the rise for which a developing democratic system like India has helped the youth to get employment by running Skill India, a skill development program. According to the Supreme Court, Illiteracy is a loss of fundamental rights. To fight this, the government has to spend on campaigns like 'Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan', 'Sagun Portal' etc. And the country's officials have time to implement the plan. Let's assume that without poverty these challenges would not exist and valuable resources would be used in the development of the country.
Even today, when space missions like lunar missions, Mars, or international space stations carry out, a debate starts inside and outside India that crores of rupees are being spent on missions instead of planning for India's poor population. This kind of discussion creates moral pressure and becomes a challenge to move forward in the science field.
The world is currently suffering from climate change issues. Paris agreement has reached to ensure that global temperatures do not rise by more than two degrees Celsius above pre-industrialization. According to the report, the biggest losers and threats from climate change are on the developing countries and even countries with maritime boundaries at risk of rising sea levels.
Let us know where climate change can pose challenges to the country. As the Earth's temperature rises, the water level in the oceans rises, making small islands more at risk of sinking. Currently, the leader of the Marshall Islands and the surrounding islands demanded from the countries of the world that its inhabitants be accepted as refugees. In India coastal cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Kolkata are in danger of sinking. Migrating people in times of calamity, settling in new places is challenging in the development of the country.
Climate change directly affects people's lives where there is more rain, where there is no rain, drought conditions, erratic rainfall, cloudbursts, cold and heat waves, cyclones, especially omega blocks affect temperature rise in Europe, etc. The floods in Kerala caused a loss of about Rs 3,000 crore and also damaged the biodiversity of Kerala. Which completely destroyed the tourism industry of the state.
India is a world leader in the fishing industry and number second in fish export. As the temperature rises, fish are reported to be migrating toward the poles. Fisheries in the countries near the equator region will suffer. We have to find a new option for a source of income for the poor fishermen.
The poor suffer the most from disasters caused by climate change. They lose the support of their lives. The government has to make efforts to bring them back to justice by bringing research and development in services like health and education, developing new technologies, methods, and providing more facilities. But a large portion of the developing world's gross domestic product (GDP) goes to fight poverty and climate change.
In a developing country, poverty alleviation or development always comes up against two options which create moral conflict. We and African countries cannot think of space missions, 4g-5g telecommunication services because we have to fight poverty first and second fight against climate change if resources left then we invest in research and development. But that is not a solution we have to manage all things simultaneously we can't ignore anyone.
In today's world, all the countries should understand their responsibility, come together and help the developing and least developed countries to move towards the motto of the Prime Minister of India 'Sauno Saath Sauno Vikas'(Together we all develop). which will create a bright future for the world.
© 2020 Panot