Indira Gandhi - First Woman Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi was India's first female prime minister and part of a family political dynasty that included her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, who was India's first prime minister after the country gained independence from the British in 1947. She served four terms before being assassinated by one of her own bodyguards. As of 2012, Indira Gandhi holds the record of the world's second longest-serving female Prime Minister. Her son, Rajiv Gandhi also later also served as prime minster, and her daughter-in-law Sonia Gandhi is president of the Indian National Congress.
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Indira Gandhi Timeline
A quick look at Indira's Gandhi's life
1917 - born to Jawaharlal and Kamala Nehru
1938 - joined the National Congress party
1942 - married Feroze Gandhi
1947 - India gains independence and Jawaharlal Nehru becomes prime minister
1959 - became president of the Congress party
1964 - became Minister of Information and Broadcasting
1966 - elected Prime Minister
1975 - convicted of election illegal campaign practices; declared a state of emergency
1977 - voted out of office
1980 - re-elected Prime Minister
1984 - ordered the Army to storm the Golden Temple, Sikhism's holiest temple, to get separatist militants
1984 - assassinated by two of her Sikh bodyguards
Indira Gandhi's Home in Allahabad - Now a museum
Indira Gandhi spent her childhood in Allahabad, home to the famous Allahabad Kumbh Mela, the world's largest religious pilgrimage that is held every 12 years on the banks of the Ganges River in Allahabad. The family home, Ananad Bhavan, is now open to the public.
Photo copyright Lisa Howard
Books About Indian History - Read more about this fascinating country and its people
You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist. - Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi Quotes
Quotations from India's first female prime minister.
- My grandfather once told me that there are two kinds of people: those who work and those who take the credit. He told me to try to be in the first group; there was less competition there.
- You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist.
- I don't mind if my life goes in the service of the nation. If I die today every drop of my blood will invigorate the nation.
- Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave.
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