ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Isabel Peron

Updated on April 6, 2013

Isabel Peron - First Woman President in the World and in Argentina

In 1974, Isabel Person of Argentina became not only the youngest Latin American head of state, but the first woman ever to become president of any country in the world. Her legacy as president, however, has been tainted by charges of human rights abuses during her term.

She was toppled in a coup nearly two years after she came to power and held under house arrest for the next five years. In 1981, she was convicted of corrupt practices, but then paroled and later pardoned. She then went into exile in Spain. New charges were brought much later. In 2007 an Argentine judge issued an international arrest warrant on charges that the president allowed the Argentine armed forces to commit human rights abuses during her term, but Spain refused to grant an extradition.

(Image of Isabel Peron from Wikipedia)

A Brief Biography of Isabel Peron

From middle class beginnings to the presidency

Isabel Peron was born La Rioja, Argentina into a lower middle-class family. Her name at birth was María Estela Martínez Cartas, but in the 1950s when she became a nightclub dancer, she adopted Isabel as a stage name.

She met Juan Peron, her future husband, during his exile in Panama after his second term as president. Juan Perón was 35 years older than her, but was lonely after losing his second wife, Eva Peron. They married and lived in Spain. The Perons returned to Argentina in 1973 after an 18-year exile. Juan Peron ran for the presidency with Isabel as his vice presidential running mate. They won the election in October 1973 with 62% of the vote.

Juan Peron, however, was in poor health. Isabel had to serve as Acting President on several occasions before Juan Perón suffered a series of heart attacks in June 1974. Isabel flew home from Europe and was secretly sworn in as interim president. Juan Perón died on July 1, 1974, after serving less than a year of his third presidency. Isabel assumed the office, becoming the first female president in the world.

The public originally rallied around the grieving widow, but she soon became unpopular. Peron inherited a number of problems, including inflation and political violence, which she tried to solve by imposing a state of siege. She was deposed in 1976 over human rights abuses and later went into exile in Spain. In 2007, an Argentine judge ordered her arrest, saying that the forced disappearance of an activist in 1976 was her responsibility because she had authorized rgentina's armed forces to take action against "subversives". She was arrested in Spain, but Spanish courts refused her extradition to Argentina.

What do you think of Isabel Peron?

See results

Isabel Peron on YouTube

Video about the coup against Isabel Peron. In Spanish.

You're Supporting the Acumen Fund

Simply by visiting this page, you're helping to support The Acumen Fund, a nonprofit organization working to solve global poverty.

Leave Your Feedback

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      8 years ago

      @LisaDH: Jewish people think they are first in everything. Sorry, the whole Abraham thing started in INDIA.

    • LisaDH profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago

      @anonymous: Isabel Peron was a president, not a prime minister. She was, indeed, the first female president in the world, as well as the first non-royal female head of state and head of government in the Western Hemisphere.

      Also, the first female prime minister in the world was not Golda Meir - she was the third, after Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka and Indira Gandhi of India.

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      You got to be kidding, who wrote this?

      The very first female primeminister was not juan peron's wife...

      It was Golda Meir.... Get your facts right, or else no one will belive the rest of what you have to say!!

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      I don't think she is a criminal. She was appointed by her husband Juan D. Perón to be the vice-presidential candidate but she had no political experience and no particular skills, actually she barely had any education beyond elementary school. She was irrelevant until Perón died in July 1974. Since then she was only a figure but the real power was exercised behind the courtains by horrible people such as José López-Rega. This unfortunate situation ended in March 1976, although the outcome was much worse because her government was terminated by the military coup of Videla and Co.

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 

      10 years ago from Southampton, UK

      I don't know enough about her, but there was a huge amount of corruption in Argentina at that time. Even though the Falklands war had only finished 8 years before, I received a warm welcome in Buenos Aires when I was there.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      Strictly speaking she was elected Vice President but became President following Peron's death


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)