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National Flag of India

Updated on September 26, 2013
The Lion capital of Ashoka
The Lion capital of Ashoka

"Ashoka Chakra" on the base of "Lion Capital of Ashoka" which has been adopted as the National Emblem of India. The Lion capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four "Indian lions" standing back to back. It was originally placed atop the Ashoka pillar at Sarnath.(Ashoka was an Indian emperor, of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled from from 273 BC to 232 BC). This Lion Capital of Ashoka from Sarnath has been adopted as the National Emblem of India and the wheel "Ashoka Chakra" from its base has been placed onto the center of the National Flag of India.

Ashoka Chakra
Ashoka Chakra

The wheel - "Ashoka Chakra" has 24 spokes and each spoke depicts one hour of the day, portraying the prevalence of righteousness all the 24 hour of it.

The National Flag of India
The National Flag of India

The significance of the colours and the chakra in the National Flag was amply described by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan(who later became the first Vice President of India) in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted the National Flag. Dr. S.Radhakrishnan, described:

"Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka Wheel in the center of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change."

Jana Gana Mana... National Anthem


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    • profile image

      alfa 5 years ago

      who is the father of our national flag

    • profile image

      harish 5 years ago

      sir thank you, its been a great pleasure to watch this significant page.

    • profile image

      suvarnaBala 6 years ago

      OUR LATE lEADERS WERE EXCELLENT. dr. s .Radha krishnans explanation about the Flag is wonderful.Our National Anthem is very nice and Wonderful.

      But iam very sad about the present politians and third right leaders.

      They want to make money an do not have any feelings or respects to-wards our National Lederswho sarificed their lives for OUR INDIA and its people.

      China is progressing fast they work hard and they are deciplined.

      India should give hash punishment to the leders who-ever

      try to cheat India or Desha DROHI

    • profile image

      nivetha 6 years ago

      i proud of myself...

      im so great to tel im an indian...

    • profile image

      Virendrasingh chauhan. 6 years ago

      I'am indian.

      I proud of myself.

    • profile image

      indian  6 years ago


    • profile image

      sapna 6 years ago

      beautiful explanation....

    • rihsam05 profile image

      rihsam05 7 years ago

      Nice hub. find more about Maldives National Flag

    • profile image

      Sandesh 7 years ago

      Actually our tricolours represent Religionalism.."BITTER TRUTH".

      Jay Bharat!

    • profile image

      kloe and shanae 8 years ago

      hi my name is kloe.

      were are you

      hi my name is shanae

      were are u

    • profile image

      shrikant sanas 8 years ago

      I would like to wish all the citizens of my country A HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY WITH LOTS OF HAPPINESS



    • profile image

      jane143 8 years ago

      - thank you so much for the information..

      now i know what those spokes in the wheel represents..

      this was a given assignment of our social studies teacher..once again thank you...


    • profile image

      tayla 8 years ago

      it was true about our colture thaxs

    • profile image

      Muskaan Manchanda 8 years ago

      I love India very much and the national anthem also very much.

    • profile image

      Muskan 9 years ago

      India has a very national anthem which is peaceful

    • orange profile image

      orange 9 years ago from Kochi

      Thanks for your comments

      Jai Bharat!

    • profile image

      Nitin Pathade 9 years ago

      thanks for publising this information on the net. it was assingment for us by our teacher, to find out the same. now I will be the first person to tell teacher about this..

      Thank you very much!!!

    • profile image

      Ven.Bhadant Pannasila Thero 9 years ago

      Information is fine but this explanation given by Dr. Ambedkar,great architect and father of Indian Constitution, before of Dr. Radhakrishanan,great Teacher and philosopher of India . Thanks with Loving -kindness, Jai Bharat !

    • profile image

      Ven.Bhadant Pannasila Thero 9 years ago

      Information is fine but this explanation given by Dr. Ambedkar,great architect and father of Indian Constitution, before of Dr. Radhakrishanan,great Teacher and philosopher of India . Thanks with Loving -kindness, Jai Bharat !

    • profile image

      Ven.Bhadant Pannasila Thero 9 years ago

      Information is fine but this explanation given by Dr. Ambedkar,great architect and father of Indian Constitution, before of Dr. Radhakrishanan,great Teacher and philosopher of India . Thanks with Loving -kindness, Jai Bharat !

    • profile image

      kamal mothey  9 years ago

      i love my mother land india who makes me proud to be an indian.

      to day i have shaw the meaning of ashok chakra and 24 spokes.

      aao hum sab milkar bole love u india jai..........hind

    • profile image

      Ayush 9 years ago

      great explanation.....................................helped me a lot..............thanx

    • profile image

      Nazim 9 years ago

      it is an wanderful explanation given by our philosopher president Mr S Radhakrishnan. a more than than appropriate ilucidation

    • profile image

      MR.INDIAN 10 years ago


    • Rudra profile image

      Rudra 10 years ago

      Great explanation of the Indian flag. Well done

    • profile image

      Cutegal 10 years ago

      Great! I'm in a hurry so I'm lucky to view this page!

    • Paraglider profile image

      Dave McClure 10 years ago from Kyle, Scotland

      Orange - thank you for that explanation. I had not appreciated the significance of the flag colours, which are unusual, as most national flags tend to the primary colours. What you say makes sense in the light of what I've read of Indian classical literature. And in the few months I spent in Mumbai, I can say that movement is of the essence!


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