Nevada Nuclear Testing
Nevada Nuclear Test Site Nuclear Testing and Area 51
Nevada Nuclear Testing, how much do you know about it? When you think of Nuclear Weapons in the 21st Century it is usually because of the Korea nuclear testing that has been going on for months. It was because of North Korea that I visited the National Nuclear Atomic Testing Museum in Nevada, a place I didn't even know existed. Testing the Atom bomb and Area 51 are what the Nevada Test Site is known for. I've included pictures and other info for you.
The world today is very different than it was during the Cold War, and specifically during the 50's when the United States learned the secrets of the atom and tested nuclear bombs in the Nevada desert. Now we know the consequences of using atomic weapons. Now we have a Global collective effort for global stability, but it wasn't like that in the 50's.
Images Copyright: Kathy McGraw
The Manhattan Project
In the 30's the Nazi's were supposedly trying to figure out how to use uranium for warfare, and several scientists were concerned, including Einstein. It was Einstein's influence on President Roosevelt, by way of a letter, stating we could make atom bombs, that lead to the Manhattan Project being implemented.
How Big is the Nevada Test Site (NTS)
The NTS is 1375 square miles, surrounded by thousands more acres that will never be developed, and guarantee the security of the site. There's a total of 5,470 square miles that are in the Government control out in the desert, just 65 miles north of Las Vegas, Nevada.
Which state is smaller than the Nevada Test Site
Nevada Atmospheric Nuclear Testing
The Cold War was something that today's kids only read about in books. They might hear people talking about, but they have no memory of their own, or how nuclear weapons and the Hiroshima bomb changed the world. But thankfully, many people do remember, and that's why the Nevada Testing site information is important; it reminds us, and teaches the younger generation.
From 1951 to 1962 a total of 14 atmospheric (above ground) nuclear tests were conducted at Frenchman Flat, about 65 miles north of Las Vegas. At that time Las Vegas was a small town and the Casinos closed at 1am. People would go up on top of the Casino and watch the test, as it's said to have lit up the whole sky.
The very first test was on January 27, 1951, and these above ground tests continued until 1962. In 1963 a treaty was signed stating there could be no more atmospheric testing done, and all tests had to be underground.
During the time from 1951 until 1992 a total of 928 nuclear weapons tests were done in Frenchman Flat. I interviewed a gentleman that worked at the site, and he stated they knew there were risks, but at that time the National Security of our nation was at risk. He stated that yes," there was risk, but it was minimized and mitigated".
10 Seconds to a Nuclear War
Military history shows that no good has ever come from Nuclear Weapons. At least that's my view. What is your view on using Nuclear Weapons?
Do you believe it's OK to use Nuclear Weapons?
Yes, I believe they are an important part of a military aresenal.
Survive a Nuclear War
National Atomic Testing Museum - Las Vegas Nevada
The National Atomic Testing Museum is a national museum dedicated to the Nevada nuclear testing. It is full of artifacts about the history of nuclear testing. There are a couple theaters where you hear the countdown, and the experience, although admittedly not the same as the real thing, almost feels like you were there.
National Atomic Testing Museum PhotosClick thumbnail to view full-size
Radioative Fallout From NTS
When I learned about the Downwinders (the people that lived down wind of the test site and contracted cancer and leukemia) I was immediately reminded of the movie Erin Brockovich.
The similarities of the case Erin Brockovich helped win against PGE because of the effects of contamination in a small California town, and the Downwinders, is amazing. PGE finally had to pay millions in compensation to victims, and the Government, after decades of denial and lawsuits, finally passed legislation of compensation to the victims of the Nuclear testing program.
The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) was passed on October 5, 1990, and was broadened in 2000. It was specifically worded to only include those that contracted cancer from the Nevada Test Site's radioactive fallout; the downwinders. The modification, or broadening, added miners that worked in the uranium mines and were exposed to radiation from the tests. Those that transported the Uranium were also included. You can see a map of the RECA areas covered here.
After decades of Governmental denial of various lawsuits, out of the clear blue sky they passed the RECA, issued an apology and gave monetary damages without having to jump through the normal hoops. All the downwinders had to do was prove they had one of the listed cancers (diseases) on the list, and lived at the time in one of the designated areas.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombed In 1945
The United States used the new bombs they had built on Japan to end WWII. Hiroshima was bombed on August 6, 1945 and 3 days later they bombed Nagasaki. The bombs had not been tested, and no one knew the true devastation that would occur. This was only 21 days after the first atomic bomb was tested.
These links will give you more information about the Manhattan Project, Albert Einsteins letter to President Roosevelt, and a picture gallery of the devastation in Hiroshima after being bombed. I put these here for those that want to read more, and there is a lot of History that can be found.
- The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Explore the history behind the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Get the facts on the Manhattan Project, the development of the atomic bomb and more. Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts.
- The Manhattan Project and The Trinity Test
On July 16, 1945, scientists from the top-secret nuclear development program known as the Manhattan Project exploded the first atomic bomb at the Trinity test site at Alamogordo, New Mexico.
- Pictures of Hiroshima & Nagasaki - Before & after the war | Nuclear Darkness & Nuclear F
A gallery of Hiroshima & Nagasaki before and after the explosion of the first nuclear weapon Little Boy.
- The National Atomic Testing Museum - Las Vegas, NV
The Atomic Testing Museum, is an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, preserves and presents information and exhibits that describe the U.S. Nuclear Weapons Development and Testing Programs at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) from 1950 until 1992, and
- The Letter From Albert Einstein That Started the Nuclear Program
Copy of Letter from Albert Einstein to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt about the possible construction of nuclear on August 2nd, 1939.
- The Nobel Peace Prize 1962 - Presentation Speech by Albert Einstein
Shortly after the atomic bombs were exploded over Hiroshima and Nagasaki1, Albert Einstein made statements on never using an atom bomb again.
- Nuclear Testing and the Downwinders
Nuclear Testing and the Downwinders Lesson A Meaning For Utah's Postwar Experience Cold War, Korean War, & Utah's Defense
John Wayne Myth or Reality
One of the stories is that John Wayne contracted cancer from filming downwind of the Nevada Test Site. The atmospheric testing was done at the time he was filming in St. George, Utah, 137 miles downwind of the Nevada Test Site.
Restoring Nevada's Environment from Radioactive Fallout
I learned from the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster what happens to the environment from nuclear waste; the radioactive fallout. When I saw these pictures of the efforts to clean up the environment I became very skeptical, although it certainly can't hurt!
Area 51 Former Nevada Nuclear Test Site
Who hasn't heard of Area 51, that secret area in the Nevada desert that many people report seeing UFO's? Aliens and UFO's, who knows for sure? In 1947 in Roswell, New Mexico a UFO supposedly crashed and was found by a farmer. The military stated it was a downed surveillance (or weather) balloon, but we know they don't always tell the truth. To this day the Roswell UFO incident is the most publicized and controversial of all the UFO and alien abduction stories.
During my interview, I asked about Area 51, where it is specifically, and what it's for. Even in the interview I got the message that most of what goes on there is classified, meaning he couldn't answer my questions. He did however state that originally it was where the spy planes were kept.
I found a video that shows deep craters, lots of them, in Area 51. You be the judge!
Area 51 Aliens and UFO's
Videos From the Nevada Nuclear Test Site and Area 51
Alien and UFO Information
There are so many people that believe in Alien and UFO sightings, we just don't know. But it is fascinating. I found these sites to have some really good info, and some of it is surprising. The one thing I didn't find was a definitive answer about the Government and the Roswell UFO. I am not sure we will ever know about Area 51 and the stories of extraterrestrial sightings. Check out these links.....and see if they give you a better idea than they did me.
- Excellent Article- Aliens and Area 51
Aliens have played a large role in the many myths associated with Area 51. Find out why aliens and Area 51 are closely linked and how Roswell, NM is related to the base.
- UFO Sighting Reported in Texas
UFO Investigators Flock to Stephenville, Texas in June 2008 after 50 or more people reported the sighting.
- Alien Autopsy Roswell 1947 Snip - YouTube
Top Secret footage of an Alien Autopsy filmed at Roswell New Mexico in 1947. Taken from the Dvd hosted by Star Trek's Jonathon Frakes. For a full copy of thi...
- FBI — The FBI and UFOs
If you've ever watched The X-Files or other sci-fi shows like it, you may think that investigating unexplained phenomena is one of the FBI's investigative responsibilities-right along with terrorism, espionage, white-collar crime, etc.
- Roswell UFO Was Not Of This Earth And There Were ET Cadavers: Ex-CIA Agent Says
Happy anniversary, Roswell, N.M. It was 65 years ago today that the Roswell Daily Record blasted an infamous headline claiming local military officials had captured a flying saucer on a nearby ranch. And now, a former CIA agent says it really happene
1) Nuclear Testing and the Downwinders article by Janet Burton Seegmiller .
The History of Iron County Downwinders
2) Department of Justice- Radiation Exposure Compensation Act ("RECA")
3) National Archives- declassified documents on the Nagasaki and Hiroshima bombing
4) Hollywood Myths-John Wayne Cancer from the Nevada Test Site Radiation
What are your opinions on the Nevada Nuclear Testing? Do you think John Wayne died from cancer contracted from the downwinds, or how about Area 51? Do you believe in UFO's and aliens?
Oh, and the correct answer to how big is the Nevada Test site is, it's bigger than the state of Rhode Island.