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The History of the Constitution of the European Union

Updated on May 29, 2013

The constitution of the European Union is a very complex legal document. It was established and written a little after World War II, and was and is still being developed and changed constantly.

After the war ended all western European countries wanted to something to promote peace and development and growing prosperity for the European continent in the future. The western countries started to come to meetings, and cooperate more and more, however the first concrete step towards this unity happened in 1951, on April 18, when in Paris the prime ministers, the foreign ministers, and the economic ministers of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands sign a treaty to establish something called the European Coal and Steel Community, the ECSC. The ECSC was formed to help the trade between the member states. For example it eliminated all tariffs and taxes on coal- and steel products. Great Britain didn’t sign the treaty, often referred to as the Treaty of Rome, because it thought that it wouldn’t be good for those b British industries.

In 1957, on March 25, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg signed another treaty in Rome, establishing the European Economic Community, EEC, and the European Atomic Energy Community, Euratom, which seeks the cooperation of the member states in nuclear research, and the rapid and large-scale development of nonmilitary nuclear energy. They will be referred to as the Treaties of Rome.

In 1979, on March 13 the European Monetary System, EMS, enters into force. The western European currencies are allowed to fluctuate only within fixed margin by the Exchange Rate Mechanism. The European Currency Unit, ECU, is introduced. The ECU was an index that showed how the currencies of the EEC members fluctuated.

In 1986, on February 17 the single European Act was signed. It modified the Treaty of Rome. It laid out a program for a single market.

In 1989 Jacques Delors, the head of the European Community Commission, hands in a three-stage process that describes how the Economic and Monetary Union, EMU, can be reached. To this no time schedule is made. A year later, in1990, the first stage of this EMU begins.

In 1991, from December 10-11 the Maastricht Summit agrees to create a single currency for those that are member of the EMU in eight years, in 1999. It also reaches an agreement on a rough draft treaty on the European Union, or as the world knows it, the EU. It was signed by twelve people, the king of Belgium, Queen of Danmark, the president of  the Federal Republic of Germany, the president of the Hellenic Republic,(Greece), the king of Spain, the president of the French Republic, the president of Ireland, the president of the Italian Republic, the Grand Duke of Luxembourg, the queen of the Netherlands, the president of the Portuguese Republic, and the queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 

In 1993 the Maastricht treaty comes into force. It established the European Union, EU, as the successor to the European community. It bestowed EU citizenship on every national of its member states, provided for the introduction of a central banking system and a common currency, and committed the member states to work toward a common foreign and security policy.

Conclusion

The Constitution of the European Union has a long history, where many things are added to it over the decades

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