ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Different Forms of Affection

Updated on February 3, 2014

Hugging is a form of affection

Affection can be shown to your friends, your partner, your family or your pet and can even be felt towards a country, an organization or a brand. There are many ways in which humans express their affection -- and according to scientists, genuine expressions of fondness and affection have positive health benefits for both the giver and the receiver.

Affectionate Words

Verbal expressions of affection can range from telling someone that you like, love or care about them to writing them a love letter, poem or a nice email. Taking time out to tell someone you care is not only affectionate, but also healthy. A study published in "Human Communication Research" found that students who were instructed to write a short essay about the fondness they felt for someone close to them experienced a drop in cholesterol after they had written about their feelings.

Physical Affection

People often show affection towards each other through touch, such as patting their head, holding their hand, giving them a massage or a kiss. Research conducted at Brigham Young University and published in the "American Journal of Family Therapy" found that students generally felt more satisfaction in their relationships when more physical affection was shown. The study found that students were also able to resolve relationship problems more easily when there was a high level of holding, cuddling and kissing.

Affectionate Behaviors

Affection can be demonstrated in the way people treat each other and how they interact. For example, supporting someone is an important form of affection, which can include listening to their problems, sharing things with them, or helping them when they are in need. A study published in "Communication Quarterly" showed that people who regularly expressed affectionate behavior were more likely to be in a long-term relationship, and were happier overall, than those who were not outwardly affectionate.

Affectionate Attitudes

The same paper, which analyzed data from people who had been nominated by others as notably affectionate, noted that fondness did not necessarily have to be reciprocated for them to gain benefits from feeling and expressing affection. This is because affection is an attitude. Loyalty, respect and familiarity can all form the basis for an affectionate attitude toward something or someone. This is why people can feel affection for their country, their school or their community, and use that as a basis for enjoying feelings of well-being and self-esteem.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Eiddwen profile image


      4 years ago from Wales

      Interesting and voted up for sure.



    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)